Categories: French Immigrants to New France.
BRASSARD Antoine, maître maçon.
Antoine was born in 1609. Antoine Brassard ... He passed away in 1669.
Antoine Brassard & Françoise Méry
1609, Antoine born in Normandie, France.
1613-21, Francoise born in Tourouvre, Orne, France.
6/11/1636, Antoine, age 27, arrived in Trois-Rivières, in a flotilla of ships.
1636, Françoise living in her own house on the Grande-Allée in Québec city.
1/14/1637 in Chapelle Notre Dame de la Recouvrance, Québec, Antoine, age 28 and a mason, married Francoise, age 16. Attending: Francois Derre, Nicolas Pivert.
1639, Antoine and Françoise returned to France [where 2 children were born – the son dying young.]
6/1641, Antoine, Françoise and daughter Jeanne, age 3 months, arrived back in Trois-Rivières.
10/4/1642 at Fort St-Louis, Antoine and Françoise contracted to work for Guillaume Couillard, husband of Guillemette Hebert, under a 1-year contract. They received board and 144 livres in wages.
2/14/1647, Antoine received a concession from the Governor of 40 acres on the Grand-Allée, which linked Québec city and Cap-Rouge.
Antoine and Françoise lived in their house in the Grande Allée [today St-Louis], in Quebec City.
6/19/1650, Antoine leased 4 arpents to Louis Houde for 6 years.
1655, Antoine qualified as a master mason.
10/29/1656, Antoine and Françoise residents of Québec. (S) Wedding of daughter Marie Madeleine.
3/4/1658, Antoine and Francoise lived “De Ce Pays”. (S) Wedding of daughter Marguerite.
1659, Antoine lived in the upper part of the old town near the convent of the Ursulines.
1662, Guillaume Fournier bought an arpent frontage between the Grande Allée and the river, between the lands of Antoine Brassard and Denys Duquet.
10/19/1663, Antoine divided 18 arpents equally among his 3 sons-in-laws.
12/10/1665, Antoine acquired 30 arpents in “terres des Sauvages” [Sillery].
1666 Census, Antoine, 57 and mason habitant, and Francoise 45, in high-town of Québec city; Guillaume 18, Antoine 16, Jean Baptiste 14, Louis 12, Dorothée 9.
12/8/1666, Antoine acquired land in “terres des Sauvages” [Sillery].
1667 Census, Antoine 58, and Françoise 54, in Sillery; Guillaume 20, Antoine 18, Jean Baptiste 16, Louis 14, Dorothée 12; 27 arpents of cleared land, 3 cattle.
12/12/1667, Antoine appearing before the West Indies Company had lost his concession document but declared to have an official survey; he owned a lot in the Upper town with a house with a heated room, cellar, and attic.
4/5/1668 at the house of widow Lalime in Québec, Antoine sold his Haute ville property [Uppertown lot and house] for 250 livres to Robert Mossion dit Lamouche; to be delivered upon completion of payments over multiple years.
9/20/1668, Antoine and Françoise divided part of their land “located at the place called Grande Allée” among their 3 sons-in-law, Louis Fontaine, Jacques Hedouin, and Jean Lemelin.
12/30/1668, Antoine acquired land in “terres des Sauvages” [Sillery].
2/5/1669, Antoine received a 86 livres and 10 sols payment on the sale of his Upper town lot.
Bef. 5/26/1669, Antoine, age 60, died in Sillery (St-Joseph parish).
7/9/1669, Antoine’s estate inventoried: 3 bulls, a cow, a calf, 10 chickens, a rooster, a plow, 15 livres in cash, furniture, 12 pounds of wheat.
7/21/1669, Antoine’s possessions auctioned. [A 2nd auction a few days later.] Total receipts of 945 livres.
9/6/1669, Antoine’s estate sale finalized with a total of 1773 livres, 19 sols, 6 deniers.
4/11/1670, Jacques Hedouin, acting for the minor children and Françoise, received the final payment from Robert Mossion on the lot and house. [He apparently arranged to rent Françoise the house in which she still lived.]
7/11/1671, Françoise, age 50, died “a sudden death” in the house on Grande-Allée, Québec city; buried the next day.
Family notes: • The “Mery” families are well document as living in Tourouvre. There are several baptisms of the name of Francoise, any of which could be this person.
Children of Antoine and Francoise:
i. Jeanne Brassard, born 3/1641 in La Rochelle, France. 2/7/1656 in Quebec, Jeanne married Jacques Hedouin, s/o Romain, an edge-tool maker. 12/20/1709, Jeanne, age 68, died in Quebec.
ii. Marie Madeleine Brassard (3887), born 6/1/1642 in Quebec, Canada.
iii. Alexandre Brassard, born 1644 in Quebec, Canada. [Died age 44.]
iv. Marie Marguerite Brassard (2043), born 1/23/1646 in Quebec City, Canada.
v. Guillaume Brassard, born 12/14/1647 in Quebec, Canada. 2/15/1672 in Quebec, Guillaume married Catherine, d/o Abraham Louvet & Marie David. Bef. 2/8/1715, Guillaume, age 68, died.
vi. Antoine Brassard, born 10/13/1649 in Quebec, Canada. Antoine, an interpreter of the Iroquois language. Aft. 9/1/1683, Antoine died in Quebec. [La Salle wrote to him from Chicago.]
vii. Jean Baptiste Brassard, born 9/18/1651 in Quebec, Canada. 4/26/1672 in Quebec, Jean married Jeanne, d/o Jean Quelve & Marie Camus. 2/21/1715, Jean died in Quebec.
viii. Louis Brassard, born 8/3/1653 in Quebec, Canada. 1/28/1680 in Ancienne Lorette, Louis married Simone, d/o Pierre Maufay & Marie Duval. Bef. 1707, Louis, age 54, died.
ix. Dorothée Brassard, born 7/30/1656 in Quebec, Canada. 10/5/1671 in Quebec, Dorothée married Pierre Richer dit Laflèche. 11/7/1738, Dorothée, age 82, died in St-Augustin.
Antoine Brassard was laid to rest sometime around the end of the winter or early spring (before 26 May 1669) in the Mission St-Joseph de Sillery. His wife, Françoise Mery, died 2 years later on July 11, 1671 in the house on the Grand Allée. She was buried the next day in the same parish (Notre-Dame).
I have a detailed account of his life, here is a quick summary: Antoine Brassard was born in 1609 in (Rouen?) Normandie. [His birthplace is uncertain because the original registers were destroyed in the file of both the chapel and the rectory of the Notre-Dame-de-la-Recouvrance in Quebec on June 15, 1640] He arrived in Trois-Rivières on June 11, 1636 in a flotilla consisting of 3 or 4 ships under the command of DuPlessis-Bochart.
The flotilla consisted of a carrier ship of 45 people commanded by Savinien Coupon and two or three other ships. One of the ships was called the “Saint Joseph” and was commanded by Lieutenant Nicholas Trevet of Longuejoue.One of the passengers was a Jesuit priest, Francoise Ragueneau. Among the 100 passengers were 91 immigrants.Detailed descriptions of the immigrants are provided in Marcel Trudel’s “Catalogue of Immigrants”. The following information was given for Antoine Brassard:
Antoine Brassard, Age 27, no signature (illiterate?), from Normandy, first appearance in Quebec, qualified mason; obtained “land of time” (land grant?) from Charles Hault De Montmagny, governor.
Antoine wed Francoise Mery, age 19 (16? Born in 1621?), on January 14, 1637 in the chapel Notre dame de La Recouvrance in Quebec.The marriage was performed by Father Charles Lallement, a Jesuit pastor.Francoise Mery was probably from Tourouvre in Perche, France ( Mortagne-au-Perche, Orne) and was living at her home on Grand-Allee (Great Road) in Quebec at the time of her marriage.
The couple returned to France in 1639.While in France, Francoise gave birth to two children: Antoine in December?, 1639 and Jeanne in March, 1641.Both children were born in LaRochelle, France in the Aunis region.Antoine and Francoise returned to France in 1641.
Antoine, Francoise, and their two children arrived in Three Rivers, Quebec in June, 1641 in a flotilla consisting of 4 ships.One was the Gaston, 100 tons, commanded by Captain G. Joubert.Another, the “Rene”, 120 tons, was commanded by Captain N. Pernet.Among the 100 passengers, 57 were immigrants and 14 were to settle Montreal.Charles Hault De Montmagny, governor of New France, age 50.
Antoine and Francoise began working for Guillaume Coulliart on October 4, 1642.Guillaume was a carpenter/farmer who inherited large landholdings through his marriage,Antoinne qualified as a master mason in 1655.Guillaume hired them for one year, as hired help.He provides the pension and offers them decent wages.The contract was signed at Fort Saint-Louis in the presence of Guillaume Troquet, a future notary.Antoine and Francoise were unable to sign and simply wrote some individual sign at the bottom of the contract.
On February 14, 1647, Antoine is called to the Governor’s residence, in Fort St. Louis, in order to receive in due form, a concession from de Montigny (Montmagny?) himself.The act is signed by Henri Bancheron of the registry office.The amount of farmland attributed was estimated at 40 acres and situated on the border of the Great Road (Grand Allee) joining Quebec and Cap Rouge.
According to Marcel Trudel, the land consisted of two farms situated in the outskirts of Quebec.The first situated between the Grand Allee and the river comprised of 3 acres, 2 rods, and 9 feet extending up to the cliff.The second situated between the Signuery St. Jean and the upper city with 3 acres on the Grand Allee, at a depth of 3 acres extending up to the property of Henri Pinguet and Nicolas Masolet, at the end of the knoll.The two farms must have belonged to Jean Paul Godfroy who relinquished them and them lost them completely as a result of a decision made against him on December 30, 1651.
Antoine lends 4 acres to Louis Houle
Antoine obtains lot in the city (haute ville)
Antoine acquires 30 acres of farmland in de Sillery
Antoine mentioned in 1666 and 1667 census; resides in Sillery
In 1668 Antoine sells hauteville property for 250 livres, 86 of which were paid to Antoine on Feb 5, 1669
Antoine dies in late winter or early spring
July 9, 1869 inventory of estate: including 3 bulls, a cow, a calf, 10 chickens and a rooster, a plow, 15 pounds in cash, furniture, 12 pounds of wheat
July 21 auction includes above and a pig and some chests.Another auction on the 25th includes tools, guns, and farm equipment, and one on the 20th to sell the grains harvested in Quebec and Sillery.Total receipts are 761 pounds + 184 pounds for the furniture.Other assets bring the total to 1773 pounds.
Like other ancestors, the death of Antoine Brassard was a mystery because we don't know the date or the circumstances.His was laid to rest sometime around the end of the winter or early spring in (before 26 May 1669) in the Mission St Joseph de Sillery. His wife, Francoise Mery, died 2 years later on July 11, 1671 in the house of the Grand Allee. She was buried the next day in the same parish (Nôtre-Dame).
Several conflicting births are listed, he was born in Normandy, but could have been La Rochelle or Rouen.
Antoine was born about 1609 at Orval, Rouen in Normandy, from http://www.oocities.org/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/francoise_mery.html
Décès: entre la donation 20/09/1668 Becquet et inventaire 09/07/1669 Becquet à Sillery.
This person was created through the import of 104-B.ged on 12 September 2010.
WikiTree profile Brassard-29 created through the import of For WikiTree 3.ged on Nov 7, 2012 by Paul Shenton.
WikiTree profile Brassard-8 created through the import of FAMILY_2011-05-26.ged on May 26, 2011 by Jacky Gamble.
WikiTree profile Brassard-15 created through the import of Mykin_2012-01-10.ged on Jan 11, 2012 by Garnet Quigley.
WikiTree profile Brassard-32 created through the import of For WikiTree 3.ged on Nov 7, 2012 by Paul Shenton.
Brassart-7 was created by Danielle Liard through the import of GED Judith tellier-Lafortune.GED on Aug 23, 2014.
Ancestry links: https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/13810368/family
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
Antoine is 14 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 25 degrees from Katy Jurado and 20 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.