Jonathan Brewster
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Jonathan Brewster (1593 - 1659)

Jonathan Brewster
Born in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 10 Apr 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 65 in Norwich, New London, Connecticutmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Apr 2009
This page has been accessed 29,410 times.
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Contents

Biography

Jonathan Brewster was born August 12, 1593 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England to Elder William Brewster and his wife, Mary _____.[1][2]

Jonathan moved with his parents and siblings in 1609 to Amsterdam in Holland to escape religious persecution and in 1610 to Leiden.[1] Jonathan’s name was recorded in the Leyden records several times. The first time in 1609 at age 16, with his parents. He was a ribbon weaver. He became a Dutch citizen 30 June 1617. He was a witness to the reading and signing of the will of Thomas Brewer and his wife Anna Offley on 7 December 1617, and on the same day he agreed to to do all future trade with said Thomas Brewer. He also witnessed the betrothal banns of John Reynolds entered 28 July 1617 and the betrothal banns of Edward Winslow entered 27 April 1618. Styled “Lintwercker” or ribbon maker, he lived in Pieterskerhof while in Holland.[1]

When the family came to America on the Mayflower in 1620. William Bradford's list of passengers, says about William Brewster, referring to Jonathan, "the rest of his children were left behind and came over afterwards." [3] Jonathan came to America in 1621 on the ship Fortune, joining his parents, William and Mary, at Plymouth Colony. In 1623, Jonathan Brewster received 1 acre because he was a passenger on the Fortune.[4]

Jonathan Brewster and Lucretia Oldham of Darby were married in Plymouth, New England, 10 Apr 1624.[2][1] In the 1627 cattle division, Jonathan and Lucretia were part of William Brewster's group .[4]

Jonathan was one of the men who undertook to discharge the £1800 debt of Plymouth Colony to the Merchant Adventurers.[5][6]

A freeman in 1633, he was active in the settlement of the town of Duxbury, incorporated 7 June 1637. Records indicate that he served as a surveyor, laid out highways, practiced as an attorney, and was styled a “gentleman.” He served as Deputy to General Court 1639, 1641, 1643-1644. He was on a committee to raise forces during the Narragansett Alarm of 1642, and was a member of Captain Myles Standish’s Duxbury Company in 1643. He served as a military commissioner in the Pequot War of 1637. In 1638, Jonathan Brewster established a ferry service to transport passengers and cattle across the North River. In 1641, he sold this to Messrs. Barker, Howell and others. He also practiced as an attorney and was the master and owner of a coasting vessel plying as far south as Virginia.[7][8]

Sometime before Sept 1649 Jonathan moved to Connecticut, being appointed town clerk of Pequot (New London), and obtained a grant of land from the Mohegan Sachem, Uncas, in that town. By Nov. 30, 1652 a large tract, still known as Brewster's Neck, from the Mohegan tribe was confirmed to him from which he operated a trading post with the Indians. (Brewster Book, by Milton Terry, 1985)

Because Jonathan set up a trading post without the authority of the local government, he was censured, but the deed was confirmed by the town on 30 November 1652.

Jonathan Brewster died on August 7, 1659 in New London, Connecticut,[1] at the age of 65 and Lucretia died twenty years later. Both Jonathan and Lucretia are buried in Brewster Cemetery, Brewster's Neck, Preston, Connecticut, where a monument has been erected to their memory by their descendants.[1]

Jonathan Brewster left an invaluable legacy to the Brewster family known as "The Brewster Book," a record in his own handwriting of the deaths of his mother and father, the birth dates of each of his children, and the marriage dates of his daughters, Mary and Ruth, his son, William, as well as his own birth and marriage dates. He apparently began the record after the marriage in Plymouth of his daughter, Mary, to John Turner in 1645, perhaps after he moved to Connecticut, leaving Mary and his grandchildren behind in Plymouth Colony, but before the date of his second entries, which follow the 1651 marriage of his son William. All of the entries in this book were contemporary and made by three persons, Jonathan, his son Benjamin, and Benjamin’s great-grandson Jabez Fitch, Jr. The book has been of inestimable value to the Brewster family. It is online at The Mayflower Descendant, Volume 1, p 1 (in TAG), membership required.

This publication lists Patience, Fear, unnamed child d 1609, Love, and Wrestling as his siblings. What this means is that there is primary source iron clad proof and if you want to join the Mayflower Society, it is through one of these children.

Wife and Children

Jonathan Brewster married Lucretia Oldham, originally of Derby on 10 April 1624 in Plymouth their eight children were:

  • William Brewster (born March 9, 1625)
  • Mary Brewster (born April 16, 1627)
  • Jonathan Brewster, Jr. (born July 17, 1629)
  • Ruth Brewster (born October 3, 1631)
  • Benjamin Brewster (November 17, 1633 - September 14, 1710)
  • Elizabeth Brewster (born May 1, 1637)
  • Grace Brewster (November 1, 1639 - April 22, 1684)
  • Hannah Brewster (born November 3, 1641)

Research Notes

Did Jonathan marry in Holland?

The Mayflower Society has published biographies of the Mayflower Passengers as they prepare for the 2020 anniversary of the voyage. The profile on William Brewster includes a note about his son Jonathan. Citing Mayflower Quarterly magazine [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63], it appears that Jonathan did not marry and have a child while they were in Holland. The records cited for that have been determined to not apply to Jonathan Brewster.

Disputed Wife & Child

The following is no longer accepted as part of Jonathan Brewster's biography!
Jonathan Brewster supposedly married Betje Rabnitz as a very young man in Holland, and they had: An "unknown" named child - unknown Brewster who died young in Leyden. See Research Notes - this is disputed by Mayflower Society.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Merrick, Barbara Lambert. Mayflower Families through Five Generations. Volume Twenty-Four The Descendants of Elder William Brewster Part 1. (Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2014), pp. 34, 39-52
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Brewster Book" Mayflower Descendant Vol 1, (1899, birth p. 7, image before p. 1; marriage p. 8
  3. Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England (AMS Press, New York, 1855) Vol. 12, 1623 p. 5, 1627 p. 12
  5. Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet & Pulsifer, David. Records of the colony of New Plymouth, in New England Vol. 2 Court Orders 1641-1651, (AMS Press, New York, 1855), p. 177,
  6. Bradford, William, Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation," From the Original Manuscript, with a Report of the Proceedings Incident to the Return of the Manuscript to Massachusetts, (Boston: Wright & Potter, 1898), pp 272-274, 452
  7. Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England Vol. 1 (AMS Press, New York, 1968, reprint of 1855 ), 1633 freeman p. 3, 1633 rate list p. 9, 1634 rate list pp. 26, 27, 1634 named to treat with partners and to lay out highways p. 31, 1636 jury p. 44, 1636 list of freemen p. 52, 1636/7 grand jury & trade p. 54, 1636/7 committee to view hayground p. 55, 1637 committee Duxbury soldiers pp. 61, 62, 1637 land viewer pp. 66, 67 (land viewers looked over the land, measured, and laid out boundaries), committee to approve newcomers to Duxbury p. 84, 1638 witness and grand jury p. 87, 1638 land viewer pp. 92, 95, 101, abutter p. 99, Jan 1638/9 "That Mr WIlim Brewster hath assigned over to Johnnathan Brewster, his sonn, all his interrest and title into the service of John Bundy for the residue of his ternie, wch Is five yeares from the forteenth of March next" p. 107, 1638/9 land viewer pp. 109, 112, 1639 committee p. 130, 1640 land viewer pp. 144, 145, 146, 153, 1640 grand inquest p. 155, 1640 land viewer pp. 161, 163, 164.; Deputy from Duxbury, 126; his lands, 14, 40, 59, 85, 90, 163; presented for neglecting ferry, and released, pp. 119, 137
  8. Shurtleff, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England Vol. 2 Court Orders 1641-1651, 9, 23, 29, 39, 42, 43, 52, 66, 73, 85; 96, 135, 177 one of Duxbury committee, 16, 40, 46, 63, 72, 75 his claim against Billington and wife p. 6, controversy with John Ford p. 6, presented for neglecting ferry, pp. 5, 18, land granted to, 88

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Comments: 33

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It looks as if Google Maps tries to pick current places on the map for the locations listed. If Plymouth had been used instead of Plymouth Colony, it would have shown Plymouth, MA. In searching Google Maps, there isn't one "place" associated with Plymouth Colony; instead, other towns, condominiums, etc, come up, as do suggestions for shopping malls and other places.

The URL isn't something we can fix on WikiTree, it appears; rather, it is a function of the place name chosen, and how Google Maps interprets it.

posted by S (Hill) Willson
Map link to marriage location is incorrect!

Several Brewster profiles show a goofy map link for "Plymouth Colony" -- possibly entered by some Google Map employee at the end of his/her shift to show "Colony Apartments" near Plymouth St in Mountain View -- please fix! Current URL = https://www.google.com/maps/search/Plymouth+Colony/@37.4164812,-122.0921135,17z/data=!3m1!4b1 Correct URL should be this one: https://www.google.com/maps/place/Plymouth,+MA/@41.8881638,-70.9150173,10z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x89e4b9efe1b22d71:0xe99070cab6ea2e23!8m2!3d41.9584457!4d-70.6672621

posted by Kathy (Foote) Durham
Detached child of Betje Rabnitz as child of Jonathan. See research notes.
posted by Traci Thiessen
This is yet another duplicate profile that is of recent manufacture (7 Feb 2019). Which, again, begs the question: "Why was this profile created, when during it's creation, a warning was given to NOT create it when there is already a profile in existence?
posted by Ron Gragg
This profile was created 7 Feb 2019. When it was created, Brewster-3 would have been flagged, and popped up as an alternate to creating this unneeded duplicate profile, with a warning... WHY was this profile created in the first place?
posted by Ron Gragg
Brewster-3 and Brewster-3330 appear to represent the same person because: This person appears to be a duplicate of the brother
posted by Hilary (Buckle) Gadsby
Brewster-3 and Brewster-3328 appear to represent the same person because: Original profile contains more information than duplicate spouse child and parents appear to be the same
posted by Hilary (Buckle) Gadsby
Brewster-3 and Brewster-3311 appear to represent the same person because: These 2 appear to be the same person with possible additional information.
posted by Hilary (Buckle) Gadsby
Brewster-3132 and Brewster-3 appear to represent the same person because: Again, at my recent creation, NO close matches showed. Now, following up, here is the obvious original person profile.
posted by Tamara Flora

This week's featured connections are Fathers: Jonathan is 7 degrees from James Madison, 20 degrees from Konrad Adenauer, 14 degrees from Charles Babbage, 15 degrees from Chris Cornell, 13 degrees from Charles Darwin, 9 degrees from James Naismith, 21 degrees from Paul Otlet, 16 degrees from Henry Parkes, 21 degrees from Eiichi Shibusawa, 20 degrees from William Still, 14 degrees from Étienne-Paschal Taché and 14 degrees from Cratis Williams on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.