Samwell Broad migrated from Middlesex, England to South Australia on Sir Edward Parry in 1849.
Samuel was the son of a farmer, Nicholas Broad, and his wife Margaret Williams. He was born in St Mawgan in Pydar, Cornwall, England, and baptised there on 21 April 1821.
Probably after his father died in late 1841, Samuel left home and likely took his mother with him. He found work as a labourer in the Holloway area of Middlesex, and married Catherine Clark on 12 November 1848 in St Mary Islington. It is interesting to note that the 1841 census documented Samuel as a mason, yet the marriage register indicated that he was a labourer. When he applied for assisted passage to South Australia, he was an agricultural labourer. Samuel, Catherine and Samuel's mother Margaret emigrated together on board the Sir Edward Parry, and arrived at Port Adelaide in 1849.
They proceeded to Sod Hut, a small settlement in South Australia's mid north, about 8 miles south of Kooringa (Burra), where a large copper deposit had been discovered in 1845. Bullock drays were used to cart the copper ore to the coast near Adelaide, where it would be loaded onto ships. A fully laden bullock dray could travel about eight miles in one day, and so several settlements, including Sod Hut, sprang up at approximately eight mile intervals along the route. Here the teamsters would spend the night, while their bullocks were fed, watered and rested. The local residents often derived at least some of their income from the passing traffic.
The known children of Samuel and Catherine were:
John (born 27 November 1849 in the district, probably at Sod Hut)
Samuel and Catherine relocated at some stage to Baldina. It is known that Henry left Sod Hut in 1868 when he became insolvent, citing the drought of 1865-66 and depreciation in the value of sheep. Since Henry also lived at Baldina, it is possible they made the move together and further research is required. Samuel was living at Baldina at the time of his death in Burra in 1880, at the age of 59. His burial has not been located, but is likely in the Burra Cemetery.
BROAD.—On the 20th February, at Kooringa, Samuel Broad, aged fifty-nine years. A colonist for thirty-two years. Melbourne papers please copy.
Samuel made his will on 3 February 1880 as Samwell, stating his residence as the Hundred of Bright. His estate was left to his only son Samwell Charles Broad, who was to provide his mother with a weekly allowance. Samwell Charles was also living in the Hundred of Bright. Letters of Administration with the will annexed were granted on 20 December 1880 to Edward Lipsett, a draper, and Joseph Roberts, a bootmaker, both of Kooringa.
1841 Census of England – Carlogas, Mawgan in Pydar, Cornwall
The death notice in the newspaper instructed Melbourne papers to copy. Who was in Melbourne?
↑ England & Wales General Register Office, GRO Online Index - Death (https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content : accessed 18 June 2021) database entry for Broad, Nicholas (Age: 52) GRO Reference: 1841 Q4 in Saint Columb Major, Volume 09, Page 37.
↑ London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1936, London Metropolitan Archives, London, England, P83/MRY1/1215. (Ancestry.com : accessed 18 June 2021) marriage record for Samuel Broad (Age: full, Condition: bachelor, Occupation: labourer, Address: Holloway, Father: Nicholas Broad, Father's Occupation: the same, Signed: yes) Spouse: Catherine Clark (Age: full, Condition: spinster, Address: Holloway, Father: John Clark, Father's Occupation: labourer, Signed: mark) married by banns on 12 November 1848, Location: St Mary Islington, Islington, England. Witnesses: William Pascoe, Anne or Anna Maria Pascoe. Ancestry Record 1623 #2884980
↑ "England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2648-2L8 : 18 Jun 2021), Samuel Broad, 1848; from "England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005," database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing 1848, quarter 4, vol. 3, p. 229, Islington, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England. Spouse: Catherine Clark.
↑Passenger list for the Sir Edward Parry, 11/1849, arrived 21 Jun 1849. (State Records of South Australia. https://archives.sa.gov.au/. GRG 35/48/1 Official Assisted Passage Passenger Lists 1845 – 1886 : accessed 18 Jun 2021.) Record for Broad, Samuel (Age: 27, Occupation: Ag Lab, Origin: Middlesex), Unnamed Female (Age: 25, Origin: Middlesex), Broad, Margt (Age: 57, Origin: Middlesex)
↑ The South Australian Police Gazette. 8 April 1868, Page 2. Deserted Seamen. State Library of South Australia.
↑ The Express and Telegraph, Adelaide, South Australia. 4 May 1868. Page 2. Law Courts - Insolvency Court. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/207738058. Accessed 15 Feb 2020. Small sheep farmer. Cause of insolvency: loss through drought of 1865-66, and depreciation in the value of sheep.
↑ South Australia Deaths 1842-1972 (FindMyPast, https://www.findmypast.com : accessed 18 June 2021) transcript for Broad, Samuel (Death Date: 20 February 1880, Marital Status: Not recorded, Age: 59y, Residence: Baldina, Death Place: Kooringa) Reference: District: Burra, Book/Page: 100/415.
↑ "Australia, South Australia, Will and Probate Records," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QPYK-89Q5 : accessed 18 June 2021), Samwell Charles Broad, 3 Feb 1880; citing Will, South Australia, Australia, Probate and Administration Books, Supreme Court of South Australia, Adelaide; FHL microfilm 103271690.
↑ "Australia, South Australia, Will and Probate Records," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QPYK-89QP : accessed 18 Jun 2021), Samwell Broad, 20 Dec 1880; citing Will, South Australia, Australia, Probate and Administration Books, Supreme Court of South Australia, Adelaide; FHL microfilm 103271690.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Samwell by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Samwell: