Robert Brooke

Robert Brooke (1602 - 1655)

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Gov. Robert Brooke
Born in London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 25 Feb 1627 in Battel, Sussex, Englandmap
Husband of — married 11 May 1635 in London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Brooke Place Manor, Calvert Co, Province of Marylandmap
Profile last modified 15 Jul 2019 | Created 18 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 2,747 times.



Robert Brooke is Notable.
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Robert Brooke migrated from England to Colonial America.
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Caution: Robert Brooke is part of a family associated with London and Sussex and prominent in Maryland history and should not be confused with Robert Brooke who is associated with a family in Yorkshire, England.

Birth and Parentage

Robert Brooke was born in Whitemarsh, Southampton on June 23, 1602. His parents were Hon. Thomas Brooke (1561–1612) of Whitechurch and Susan Forster -- daughter of Sir Thomas II Forster (1548–1612), Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Susan Foster of Iden, Sussex; and sister of Sir Robert Foster, Lord Chief Justice[1][2]

Scharf, by contrasts, wrote that he was born in London on the 3rd of June, 1602.[3]

The Brooke family arms were recorded in the Visitation of Hampshire, 1634.[2]


He matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford University on April 28, 1618.

He received the degree of B.A. July 6, 1620; consequently, in 1624, without further study or examination, he also received a Master of Arts degree.[4][2]


He was admitted to Orders,[5] but it is doubtful whether he was ever the incumbent of a parish.


1627 First Marriage to Mary Baker

He first married Mary Baker (1602-34) on February 25, 1626/1627 on Shrove Monday (Carnival Monday) in London. She was the daughter of Thomas Baker of Battle in Sussex, England.[5][6]

Their documented children were: [2]

1. Baker Brooke (1628–1679)

m.1 Anne Calvert (1644 – 1714); Father: Leonard Calvert (1606–1647), 1st Gov. of Maryland
m.2 Anne Brent

2. Mary Brooke (1630 - ca. 1650), d. young in England.

3. Maj. Thomas Brooke Sr., Esq. (1632–1676),

m.1 Eleanor Hatton (1642–1725); Father: Hon. Richard Hatton, Sr. (1605–1648)
m.2 Margaret (ca. 1610)

4. Barbara Brooke (1634 -c a. 1650), d. young in England[7]

1635 Second Marriage to Mary Mainwaring

After Mary Baker died in 1634, Robert wed Mary Mainwaring (1611– 63) on May 11, 1635 in England. She was the second daughter of Roger Mainwaring (1582–1653), Dean of Worcester and Bishop of St David's, and Cecilia Proper.[3]

Their children are:[8][2]

Charles Brooke (1636–1671), Single.

Roger Brooke (1637–1700) m.1 Dorothy Neale, (p. Cpt. James Neale (c.1615-1684) and Anna Maria Gill); m.2. Mary Wolseley, (p. Walter Wolseley and Mary Beauchamp)

Robert Brooke (1639–1667) m. Elizabeth Thompson (p. William Thompson and Mary Bretton)

John Brooke (1640–1677) m. Rebecca Isaacs

Mary Brooke (1642)

William Brooke (1643)

Anne Brooke (1645) m. Christopher Beanes (ca. 1650-1696)

Francis Brooke (1648–1671)]]. Single.

Basil Brooke (d. 1651 infancy)

Henry Brooke (1655–1672). Single.

Eliza Brooke (1655) m. Cpt. Richard Smith, Jr. (ca. 1660-1714), son of Lt. Richard Smith, Sr., Gent. ( 1690) and Eleanor.

1649 Grant For Land in Maryland

On September 20, 1649, Brooke was issued with a commission as Commander of "one whole county" (in the province of Maryland) "to be newly set forth, erected, &c".[9] He was to receive a grant of 2,000 acres (810 hectares) for every ten persons he transported. Brooke is said to have emigrated (June 1650) aboard his own ships and at his own expense, along with his wife, ten children, 28 servants, and a pack of hounds.

On July 22, 1650, along with his two sons, Baker and Thomas, Sr., he took the oath of Fidelity to the Proprietor. His sons each received separate grants of land in various counties of Maryland. Robert Brooke was constituted as Commander of newly formed Charles County in Maryland on October 30, 1650.[8][2]

1650 Arrival in Maryland

Robert Brooke, son of Thomas and Susan Forster Brooke, emigrated to Maryland in 1650 with his (second) wife, Mary Mainwaring, ten children and 28 servants. [10]

On the 29th of June 1650, Robert Brooke arrived in Maryland with his wife and ten children.[3]

Scharf lists the names of the servants. Robert Brooke was then forty eight years of age. He was the first settler on the Patuxent, and located himself about twenty miles up the river, at a place which was afterwards known as Delabrook, and in 1652 removed to an adjoining estate, which he named Brooke Place.

After his arrival in Maryland three children were born, -- Basil who died on the day of his birth, and Eliza and Henry, twins.



  • Mark King
  • Mark Lovely
  • William Bradney
  • Philip Harwood
  • Richard Robinson
  • Anthony Kitchen
  • William Jones
  • John Clifford
  • James Leigh
  • Benjamin Hammond
  • Robert Sheale
  • Thomas Joyce
  • Henry Peere
  • Thomas Elstone
  • Edward Cooke
  • Ambrose Briggs
  • Robert Hooper
  • William Hinson
  • John Bocock
  • David Brown (or Bowen)
  • Henry Robinson


  • Anne Marshall
  • Katherine Fisher
  • Elizabeth Williamson
  • Margaret Watts
  • Abigail Montague
  • Eleanor Williams
  • Agnes Neale

Political Activities

Soon after reaching Maryland, Robert Brooke was appointed commander of Charles County, and was chosen by Cromwell’s commissioners Governor of Maryland.[3]

In 1652, under the Cromwellian Government, Brooke was made governor,[3] and served in this capacity from March 29 to July 3, 1652. His co-operation with the Bennett-Claiborne Puritan faction brought him the displeasure of Lord Baltimore and the loss of his proprietary offices. Later he allied himself with the conservative Catholic Party.[2]


Like most of the wealthy emigrants who came to Maryland under the patronage of the Proprietor, Brooke amassed many thousands of acres of land.

He constructed three large estates, each named for himself:

  • De La Brooke Manor (2,000 acres (810 hectares), granted July 28, 1650) in St. Mary's County, Maryland; now the home of a hunting club.[11]
  • Brooke Place Manor (2,100 acres (850 hectares)) on Battle Creek, Calvert County, across the Patuxent, where he built a home almost a replica of “De La Brooke”.[12]
  • Brooke Court (2,000 acres (810 hectares)) in what is now Prince George’s County.

By the time of his death on July 20, 1655,[13] Brooke is said to have accumulated 8,000 acres (3,200 hectares) of land.


Robert Brooke sailed from England with his pack of hunting dogs, which were the root of several strains of American Foxhounds. Dogs of this bloodline remained in the Brooke family for nearly 300 years. George Washington received French Foxhounds, Grand Bleu de Gascogne, (which look much like an American Bluetick Coonhound) as a gift from the Marquis de Lafayette. Many of the dogs Washington kept were descended from Brooke's, and when crossed with the French hounds, helped to create the present day American Foxhound



Robert Brooke died on the 20th of July, 1656, and his widow died on the 29th of November, 1663.[3]

He is buried in the Brooke Place Manor Cemetery, Saint Leonard, Calvert County, Maryland.[7]


  • Maryland Historical Society, (1906). Maryland Historical Magazine. N.p.
  • Pedigrees from the visitation of Hampshire made by Thomas Benolt, Clarenceulx a 1530 : enlarged with the vissitation of the same county made by Robert Cooke, Clarenceulx anno 1575 both which are continued with the vissitation made by John Phillipott, Somersett (for William Camden, Clarenceux) in a 1622 most part then done & finished in a 1634. As collected by Richard Mundy in Harleian ms. no. 1544.
  • Scharf, J.T. (1882). History of Western Maryland : Being a history of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the earliest period to the present day, including biographical sketches of their representative men, p. 774. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts.
  • Taney, R.B. (1872). Memoir of Roger Brooke Taney, LL.D: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. John Murphy & Co.
  • Weis, F.L., Sheppard, W.L. & Beall, W.R. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215: The Barons Named in the Magna Charta, 1215, and Some of Their Descendants who Settled in America During the Early Colonial Years, (5th ed, pp.144). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Google Books.
  • Wikipedia Note References
[1] Scharf, 1882, p.774
[2] Balch, 1899 Google Books.
[3] Pedigrees from the visitation of Hampshire ...
[4] Balch, 1899. Google Books.
[5]Bozman, John Leeds, History of Maryland, Vol. 2, p376.
[6] De La Brooke Foxhounds
[7]Maryland Historical Magazine, pp 68
[8] Taney, 1872, p. 25
  1. NOTE: Forsters of Iden, Sussex are not from the Adderstone branch.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Wikipedia: Robert Brooke, Sr.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Scharf, 1882, p. 774.
  4. 2. "The Brookes of Whitchurch" (Wikipedia)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Pedigrees from the visitation of Hampshire ...; Wikipedia
  6. Benolte, Thomas; Philipot, John; & Owen, George. The Visitations of the County of Sussex: 1530 and 1633-4. London: The Harleian Society, 1905. Baker pedigree Vol LIII, p 101.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Robert Brooke."
  8. 8.0 8.1 Balch, 1899; Wikipedia
  9. 5. Bozman, John Leeds, History of Maryland, Vol. 2, p376. (Wikipedia)
  10. Robert traveled with 40 people (Balch, 1899, p.15)
  11. De La Brooke Foxhounds
  12. 7. Maryland Historical Magazine, pp 68 (Wikipedia)
  13. Taney, 1872, p. 25; Wikipedia

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Robert by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Login to post a comment.

On 2 Mar 2017 at 15:06 GMT Rob Green UE wrote:

If Brooke-97, which is properly sourced and has been on Wikitree for about 5 years, is to be merged with a profile [Brooke-647] which has NO sources, it would seem that the profile was created without checking to see if a similar profile existed. What is the Wikitree stance on creating unsourced profiles? Why should someone who creates an unsourced profile be included as a profile manager on a merged profile that was properly sourced?

On 8 Feb 2017 at 23:49 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

Brooke-1792 and Brooke-97 appear to represent the same person because: please merge, all of the biography/sources from both profiles will exist on the new profile, then you can use the data and information you chose for the new profile.

On 12 Jan 2017 at 20:30 GMT Rob Green UE wrote:

Brooke-1792 and Brooke-97 are not ready to be merged because: It appears that Brooke-1792 contains no sources, limited information and research. What will the merged profile look like?

On 12 Jan 2017 at 17:46 GMT John Hanley wrote:

Brooke-1792 and Brooke-97 appear to represent the same person because: More Brooke duplication

On 10 Apr 2014 at 11:10 GMT Sir William (Arbuthnot) Arbuthnot of Kittybrewster Bt wrote:

Brooke-647 and Brooke-97 do not represent the same person because: different parents

On 25 Jan 2013 at 07:38 GMT Rob Green UE wrote:

A letter from Lord Baltimore noted that Robert Brooke arrived on the Patuxent River on 29 June 1650 with "...eight sons and family...." He had eight sons and four daughters by 1650. This would imply that two of the daughters (probably the eldest-Mary and Barbara) were married or remained in England.

On 24 Dec 2012 at 05:29 GMT Rob Green UE wrote:

Robert Brooke,son of Thomas and Susan Forster Brooke, emigrated to Maryland in 1650 with his (second) wife, Mary Mainwaring, ten children and 28 servants. Source: A History of the Brooke Family of Whitchurch, Hampshire, England, by Thomas Willing Balch Philadelphia, 1899

Rejected matches › Robert Brooke (1602-1662)

Robert is 16 degrees from Carroll Shelby, 25 degrees from Joan Whitaker and 10 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.