Joseph Broussard

Joseph Broussard (1702 - 1765)

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Joseph "Beausoliel" Broussard aka dit Beausoleil
Born in Port-Royal, Acadiemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 11 Sep 1725 in Port-Royal, Acadiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Camp Beausoleil, Broussard, St. Martin Parish, Luisiana, Nueva Españamap
Profile last modified 16 Mar 2019 | Created 4 Dec 2012
This page has been accessed 12,213 times.
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Contents

Biography

Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil was an Acadian soldier, trail-blazer, and hero. His grandest exploits came during the Grand Dérangement and in bringing Acadians to Louisiana.[1]

Family

Joseph dit Beausoleil Broussard was born around 1702 to François Broussard and Catherine Richard.[2][1] He was likely born in Port Royal Acadia (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada) as his parents were listed in the census there in 1678, 1686, 1693, 1698, 1700, 1701, and 1703.
On September 11,1725, at Anapolis Royal, Joseph married Agnès Thibodeau, daughter of Michel Thibodeau and Agnès Dugas.[3][4][2][5][6]
According to C.J. d'Entrement, he later settled in Chipoudy (Shepody, New Brunswick), with his brother Alexandre.[2] He was later accused of rough treatment of another individual as well as fathering and abandoning an illegitimate child, which he denied. He spent some time imprisoned for the accusation, though.[2] Around 1740, he lived in Le Cran (Stoney Creek, south of Moncton, New Brunswick).[2]
His military exploits began seven years later.

Leader

Joseph participated with Nicolas-Antoine Coulon de Villiers’ troops at the battle of Minas in early 1747.[2] William Shirley, then governor of Massachusetts, outlawed Broussard as well as 11 others on 21 October 1747 for having supported the French troops.[2]
The British were disputing the possession of the Chignecto isthmus with the French, at which time they laid siege to Fort Beauséjour (near Sackville, New Brunswick) in June 1755.[2] Joseph captured a British officer while fighting the invaders.[2] Louis-Thomas Jacau de Fiedmont, a French officer, testified about Joseph's activity and he was recognized as one of the bravest and most enterprising of the Acadians.[2][1]
Joseph went on to attack the British camp, supported by only 60 French and Indians on 16 June. The same day the fort surrendered.[2] The group lost only one man.[2] Two days later, Joseph proposed that he act as mediator between the British and Indians on the condition that he be granted amnesty.[2] Colonel Robert Monckton agreed, so long as approval was gained from Charles Lawrence.[2]
The Acadians were being pushed out of the area, so Joseph and his family likely fled to the forest to live for a time.[2] Aided by his four sons, he fought small battles, trying to regain ground, but eventually realized things were going poorly, as many were on the brink of starvation.[2] He, his family, and a group of Acadians still in the area surrendered to the British around 1762, and were kept in Fort Edward (Nova Scotia), then sent on to Halifax, imprisoned. [2][1] They were released with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.[2]
Later that year, Joseph was found in possession of a letter urging the Acadians to remove to France.[2] He was imprisoned again, for another year.[2] Upon his release in 1764, he lead a small group of Acadians to Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti), where the weather was too much for many of the immigrants. He led the survivors on to Louisiana.[2][1] A group headed by Joseph settled along the Bayou Teche near St. Martinville, Attakapas, Louisiana, arriving 27 February 1765.[7]
Joseph was appointed as the Militia Captain and Commander of the Acadians in Attakapas April 8, 1765 by the commandant governor of Louisiana, Charles-Philippe Aubry.[2][1][8]

Death and Legacy

Around 20 Oct 1765, Joseph died. According to the registry of St. Martin de Tours Catholic Church in St. Martinville, Louisiana he was buried in Camp Beausoleil on 20 October 1765.[9][10][5][1][8]
Joseph Broussard is still revered today, particularly by the Acadians in Louisiana where he has become a legendary figure for his bravery as leader of the resistance of the Acadians at the time of the deportation.[2] His name is on the Wall of Names at the Acadian Memorial in St. Martinville, Louisiana. Listed with him are his children Francois, Claude, Amand, and Francoise.[11] Recently, interested people in Louisiana have been doing archaelogical research to see if the graves of these early Acadian emigrants to Louisiana can be located for preservation. [12]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 U Moncton Centre d'Études Acadiennes: English story; French Story
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 C. J. d’Entremont, “BROSSARD, Beausoleil, JOSEPH,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 3, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed August 28, 2014, English version and version Française
  3. Marriage - Acadian Archives
  4. Title: Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiennes, Première Partie 1636-1714; Author: Stephen A. White; Publication: 2 vols., Moncton, New Brunswick: Centre d'Études Acadiennes, 1999; p. 1517
    Text: Bride was age 19 years.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Acadians in Gray: Broussard
  6. Erickson, Jane Vincent. “Fifth Annual Genealogical Institute.” Louisiana State University and Louisiana Genealogical and Historical Society, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Genealogical Institute, vol. 5, 1962, p. 15."
  7. 8.0 8.1 Southwest Louisiana Records, 1750-1900: compact disk #101; Author: Donald J. Hébert; Publication: Rayne, LA: Hébert Publications, 2001; CD 101. (SM Ch.: Folio B-1, Funeral)
  8. Southwest Louisiana Records, 1750-1900: compact disk #101compiled by Donald J. Hébert (Baton Rouge, LA: Claitor's Pub. Div., 2001); Two entries: BROUSSARD, Joseph dit Beausoleil - Capitaine Commandant des Acadiens aux Atakapas bur. 20 Oct. 1765 at place called Beausoleil, Record entered: 25 Nov. 1765. Fr. Jean FRANCOIS, Cappucin. (SM Ch.: Folio B-1, Funeral)
    BROUSSARD, Joseph dit Beausoleil - "Capitain Commandant des Acadiens des Atakapas" [Commanding or leading captain (Leader) of the Acadians of Atakapas]. bur. 20 Oct. 1765 at the Camp [place or location] named Beausoleil; recorded 25 Nov. 1765. Fr. Jean FRANCOIS (SM Ch.: v.1, p.78)
  9. Donald J. Arceneaux, The Initial Acadian Settlement: A New Look at the Initial Acadian Settlement Location in the Attakapas, (http://attakapasgazette.org/vol-3-2014/initial-acadian-settlement/ THE INITIAL ACADIAN SETTLEMENT : accessed 13 Oct 2017)
  10. "The Wall of Names at the Acadian Memorial"; Wall of Names Committee; Jane G. Bulliard, Chair (Opelousas, LA: Bodemuller The Printer, USA, 2015) p. 14.
  11. Quest to find Beausoleil’s burial site
  • White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p284-5, 287.
  • Acadians in Gray: Broussard
  • Wikipedia: Joseph Broussard
  • PAC, MG 9, B8, 24 (Registres de Saint-Jean-Baptiste du Port-Royal) (original of the volume for 1702–28 is at PANS and that for 1727–55 is at the Diocesan Archives, Yarmouth, N.S.), pt.i, p.222.
  • L.-T. Jacau de Fiedmont , The siege of Beauséjour in 1755; a journal of the attack on Beauséjour, written by Jacau de Fiedmont . . . , ed. J. C. Webster (N.B. Museum, Historical Studies, no.1, Saint John, 1936), 41.
  • Knox, Historical journal (Doughty), I, app., 3–4. Mémoires sur le Canada, depuis 1749 jusqu’à 1760. Northcliffe coll. N.S. Archives, III.
  • “Les papiers Amherst,” La Société historique acadienne (Moncton), 27e cahier (1970), 304, 307.
  • Arseneau, Hist. et généal. des Acadiens. Antoine Bernard, Histoire de la Louisiane de ses origines à nos jours (Québec, 1953 ), 157, 158, 410.
  • D. J. LeBlanc, The true story of the Acadians . . . ([Lafayette, La, 1932), 65–67.
  • Murdoch, History of Nova-Scotia, II, 117, 314, 431.
  • J. C. Webster, The forts of Chignecto; a study of the eighteenth century conflict between France and Great Britain in Acadia (n.p., 1930), 55, 71, 87, 113.
  • Perrin, Warren A. Acadian Redemption: from Beausoleil Broussard to the Queen's Royal Proclamation. Andrepont Pub., 2005.
  • Acadian Genealogy Exchange. “Acadian Genealogy Exchange - v. 41, No. 2 (Oct. 2012).” Genealogy GophersGophers, Oct. 2012. p. 67 -

Acknowledgements

Karen Theriot Reader Rootsweb.com.
Jacqueline Girouard
Abby Glann


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:
  • Linda Lopitz Find Relationship : Mitochondrial DNA Test Other, haplogroup X2b4
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joseph:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 4
Joseph Broussard et Agnès Thibodeau - marriage 1
Joseph Broussard et Agnès Thibodeau - marriage 1

Joseph Broussard et Agnès Thibodeau - marriage 2
Joseph Broussard et Agnès Thibodeau - marriage 2

"Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil in Acadia". Oils on canvas, 30" x 42", Herb Roe, 2009. NFS, private collection.

Joseph Broussard Image 4
Joseph Broussard Image 4

Collaboration

On 7 Dec 2018 at 05:40 GMT Janice (Comeaux) LeBlanc wrote:

Proud to be a direct descendant of Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil. He died only a few months after leading his family and other Acadians to settle near St. Martinville, LA, only 20 miles from where I now live. Broussard is the 3rd most prolific Acadian surname, with over 18,000 Louisianians bearing the last name Broussard in 2013 (https://forebears.io/united-states/louisiana#surnames).

On 19 Oct 2017 at 13:34 GMT Denise Chiasson wrote:

Re: Jacqueline's post... Beausoleil and Beausoleil Broussard are two different bands. Beausoleil Broussard is from Canada (their lead female singer, isabelle Roy, is from Caraquet) and are, unfortunately, no longer together. I was not aware of Beausoleil, but would love to see them!

On 18 Oct 2017 at 19:03 GMT Martha (Beaugh) Leger wrote:

my family is also decendants fro Michel Richard . on my mother`s side . Martha Richard Beaugh

martha Beaugh Leger

On 18 Oct 2017 at 18:43 GMT Jeannette (Martin) Saladino wrote:

I forgot to mention how Joseph Broussard and myself are related - we are first cousins 6 times removed! And ... I found that we are both descendants of Michel Richard.

On 18 Oct 2017 at 18:39 GMT Jeannette (Martin) Saladino wrote:

Today, I checked the email question received if I am related to Joseph Broussard? How exciting to find that, yes, I AM related to this Canadian/Acadian hero through my beloved father, Joseph Stanley Martin! I just simply love this about WikiTree among many other features that I love. Thank you so much.

On 18 Oct 2017 at 16:48 GMT Jacqueline Girouard wrote:

Re Denise's post. The group Beausoleil still exists, I've seen them several times. I love them and their music. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeauSoleil

On 18 Oct 2017 at 16:02 GMT Charles Onstott wrote:

Joseph Broussard is 19 Degrees from Charles Onstott

On 18 Oct 2017 at 15:12 GMT Denise Chiasson wrote:

As testimony to his renown, there was an Acadian musical group named Beausoleil Broussard. Their song "La chanson d'la cuillère" is quite funny.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIRUmPDqhM0

On 18 Oct 2017 at 14:26 GMT Marilyn Despres wrote:

Joseph and Marilyn are second cousins 7 times removed

Joseph Broussard and Marilyn Despres are both descendants of Jean-Baptiste Blanchard.

1. Joseph is the son of Catherine Richard [unknown confidence] 2. Catherine is the daughter of Madeleine Blanchard [unknown confidence] 3. Madeleine is the daughter of Jean-Baptiste Blanchard [unknown confidence] This makes Jean-Baptiste the great grandfather of Joseph.

On 18 Oct 2017 at 12:30 GMT Jacqueline Girouard wrote:

Joseph is the fifth great grandfather of Jacqueline

Joseph Broussard is 7 Degrees from Jacqueline Girouard

more comments



Joseph is 21 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 16 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 17 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.