Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil was an Acadian soldier, trail-blazer, and hero. His grandest exploits came during the Grand Dérangement and in bringing Acadians to Louisiana.
Joseph dit Beausoleil Broussard was born around 1702 to François Broussard and Catherine Richard. He was likely born in Port Royal Acadia (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada) as his parents were listed in the census there in 1678, 1686, 1693, 1698, 1700, 1701, and 1703.
On September 11,1725, at Anapolis Royal, Joseph married Agnès Thibodeau, daughter of Michel Thibodeau and Agnès Dugas.
According to C.J. d'Entrement, he later settled in Chipoudy (Shepody, New Brunswick), with his brother Alexandre. He was later accused of rough treatment of another individual as well as fathering and abandoning an illegitimate child, which he denied. He spent some time imprisoned for the accusation, though. Around 1740, he lived in Le Cran (Stoney Creek, south of Moncton, New Brunswick).
His military exploits began seven years later.
Joseph participated with Nicolas-Antoine Coulon de Villiers’ troops at the battle of Minas in early 1747.William Shirley, then governor of Massachusetts, outlawed Broussard as well as 11 others on 21 October 1747 for having supported the French troops.
The British were disputing the possession of the Chignecto isthmus with the French, at which time they laid siege to Fort Beauséjour (near Sackville, New Brunswick) in June 1755. Joseph captured a British officer while fighting the invaders. Louis-Thomas Jacau de Fiedmont, a French officer, testified about Joseph's activity and he was recognized as one of the bravest and most enterprising of the Acadians.
Joseph went on to attack the British camp, supported by only 60 French and Indians on 16 June. The same day the fort surrendered. The group lost only one man. Two days later, Joseph proposed that he act as mediator between the British and Indians on the condition that he be granted amnesty. Colonel Robert Monckton agreed, so long as approval was gained from Charles Lawrence.
The Acadians were being pushed out of the area, so Joseph and his family likely fled to the forest to live for a time. Aided by his four sons, he fought small battles, trying to regain ground, but eventually realized things were going poorly, as many were on the brink of starvation. He, his family, and a group of Acadians still in the area surrendered to the British around 1762, and were kept in Fort Edward (Nova Scotia), then sent on to Halifax, imprisoned.  They were released with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Later that year, Joseph was found in possession of a letter urging the Acadians to remove to France. He was imprisoned again, for another year. Upon his release in 1764, he lead a small group of Acadians to Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti), where the weather was too much for many of the immigrants. He led the survivors on to Louisiana. A group headed by Joseph settled along the Bayou Teche near St. Martinville, Attakapas, Louisiana, arriving 27 February 1765.
Joseph was appointed as the Militia Captain and Commander of the Acadians in Attakapas April 8, 1765 by the commandant governor of Louisiana, Charles-Philippe Aubry.
Death and Legacy
Around 20 Oct 1765, Joseph died. According to the registry of St. Martin de Tours Catholic Church in St. Martinville, Louisiana he was buried in Camp Beausoleil on 20 October 1765.
Joseph Broussard is still revered today, particularly by the Acadians in Louisiana where he has become a legendary figure for his bravery as leader of the resistance of the Acadians at the time of the deportation. His name is on the Wall of Names at the Acadian Memorial in St. Martinville, Louisiana. Listed with him are his children Francois, Claude, Amand, and Francoise. Recently, interested people in Louisiana have been doing archaelogical research to see if the graves of these early Acadian emigrants to Louisiana can be located for preservation. 
↑ 8.08.1 Southwest Louisiana Records, 1750-1900: compact disk #101; Author: Donald J. Hébert; Publication: Rayne, LA: Hébert Publications, 2001; CD 101. (SM Ch.: Folio B-1, Funeral)
↑Southwest Louisiana Records, 1750-1900: compact disk #101compiled by Donald J. Hébert (Baton Rouge, LA: Claitor's Pub. Div., 2001); Two entries: BROUSSARD, Joseph dit Beausoleil - Capitaine Commandant des Acadiens aux Atakapas bur. 20 Oct. 1765 at place called Beausoleil, Record entered: 25 Nov. 1765. Fr. Jean FRANCOIS, Cappucin. (SM Ch.: Folio B-1, Funeral)
BROUSSARD, Joseph dit Beausoleil - "Capitain Commandant des Acadiens des Atakapas" [Commanding or leading captain (Leader) of the Acadians of Atakapas]. bur. 20 Oct. 1765 at the Camp [place or location] named Beausoleil; recorded 25 Nov. 1765. Fr. Jean FRANCOIS (SM Ch.: v.1, p.78)
PAC, MG 9, B8, 24 (Registres de Saint-Jean-Baptiste du Port-Royal) (original of the volume for 1702–28 is at PANS and that for 1727–55 is at the Diocesan Archives, Yarmouth, N.S.), pt.i, p.222.
L.-T. Jacau de Fiedmont , The siege of Beauséjour in 1755; a journal of the attack on Beauséjour, written by Jacau de Fiedmont . . . , ed. J. C. Webster (N.B. Museum, Historical Studies, no.1, Saint John, 1936), 41.
Knox, Historical journal (Doughty), I, app., 3–4. Mémoires sur le Canada, depuis 1749 jusqu’à 1760. Northcliffe coll. N.S. Archives, III.
“Les papiers Amherst,” La Société historique acadienne (Moncton), 27e cahier (1970), 304, 307.
Arseneau, Hist. et généal. des Acadiens. Antoine Bernard, Histoire de la Louisiane de ses origines à nos jours (Québec, 1953 ), 157, 158, 410.
D. J. LeBlanc, The true story of the Acadians . . . ([Lafayette, La, 1932), 65–67.
Murdoch, History of Nova-Scotia, II, 117, 314, 431.
J. C. Webster, The forts of Chignecto; a study of the eighteenth century conflict between France and Great Britain in Acadia (n.p., 1930), 55, 71, 87, 113.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line.
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:
Linda Lopitz :
Mitochondrial DNA Test Other, haplogroup X2b4
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joseph:
Proud to be a direct descendant of Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil. He died only a few months after leading his family and other Acadians to settle near St. Martinville, LA, only 20 miles from where I now live. Broussard is the 3rd most prolific Acadian surname, with over 18,000 Louisianians bearing the last name Broussard in 2013 (https://forebears.io/united-states/louisiana#surnames).
Re: Jacqueline's post... Beausoleil and Beausoleil Broussard are two different bands. Beausoleil Broussard is from Canada (their lead female singer, isabelle Roy, is from Caraquet) and are, unfortunately, no longer together. I was not aware of Beausoleil, but would love to see them!
Today, I checked the email question received if I am related to Joseph Broussard? How exciting to find that, yes, I AM related to this Canadian/Acadian hero through my beloved father, Joseph Stanley Martin! I just simply love this about WikiTree among many other features that I love. Thank you so much.
Joseph and Marilyn are second cousins 7 times removed
Joseph Broussard and Marilyn Despres are both descendants of Jean-Baptiste Blanchard.
1. Joseph is the son of Catherine Richard [unknown confidence]
2. Catherine is the daughter of Madeleine Blanchard [unknown confidence]
3. Madeleine is the daughter of Jean-Baptiste Blanchard [unknown confidence]
This makes Jean-Baptiste the great grandfather of Joseph.