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Henry Brown (1695 - 1757)

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Henry Brown
Born in Mannington, Salem, New Jersey, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in New Jerseymap
Descendants descendants
Died in Augusta, Colony of Virginia, Americamap
Profile last modified | Created 25 Oct 2014 | Last significant change: 6 Jan 2019
02:42: Caryl (Short) Ruckert edited the Primary Photo for Henry Brown (1695-1757). [Thank Caryl for this]
This page has been accessed 559 times.

Categories: Virginia Colony, French and Indian War | Roanoke, Virginia | Augusta County, Virginia | Salem County, New Jersey | US Southern Colonist.



Henry Brown was a US Southern Colonist.
Flag of New Jersey
Henry Brown migrated from New Jersey to Virginia.
Flag of Virginia

Origins in New Jersey

Henry Brown's birth date is uncertain. Henry Brown is bequeathed personal property in the will of Moses Taylor on July 21, 1682 in Salem County, New Jersey.[1] There is a connection to the Taylor family of New Jersey as shown below in court records of Augusta County, Virginia in 1753 where Isaac Taylor entered into bail as security for Henry Brown, Sr.[2] Another piece of evidence for a relationship between these families is found on page 193 of Volume XXI of the New Jersey State Archives:

1692/3 January 29. Will of Sarah Lawrence of Newark. Cousins Esther Brown, Joseph Brown, Joseph Bond, Bethia Bond, sister _____ Brown; John and Isaack, sons of friend George Harrison, Silvester Cent. Personal property. Executor George Harrison; Witnesses Samuel Ross, George Harrison. Proved Feb. 1 following.
Salem Oak in Salem County, New Jersey.

The latter may have been the first wife of Henry Brown, Sr.; and, after her death he may have married her cousin Esther Brown. All this seems likely.[2]

His son Samuel Brown, in his will, gave a colt to his brother, Henry Brown, and a milk cow to each of his two "youngest brothers, Daniel and David." It is presumed that these were his full brothers, because he makes no bequeath to his half brothers, Thomas and Robert, nor to his half sister, Esther.[2]

Henry's children by his first wife:

  1. Henry
  2. Samuel
  3. Daniel
  4. David

Henry and Esther had children:

  1. Thomas
  2. Robert
  3. Esther

On July 6, 1734, Henry Brown is named in the probate records of Alexander Grant of Salem County, New Jersey. Ann Grant, Executrix filed an account of debtors to her husband's estate which included the name "Henry Brown" who was designated as a runaway.[3]

Virginia Frontier

The "Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish settlement in Virginia" by Lyman Chalkley we find a record for March 1756:

Gibbons vs. Brown. - Nicholas Gibbons (bens), Esq., assignee of Ann Grant, complains of Henry Brown, otherwise lately called I Henry Brown, of Mannington, in the County of Salem, in the Western District of the Province of New Jersey, Yeoman. Bond to Ann Grant dated 1729, 5th June. Process issued 3d November, 1753, and returned executed, and Henry Brown, Jr., and Isaac Taylor, bail.(Vol. 1 pg. 313)[4]

From this it seems quite clear the Henry Brown was living at Mannington, New Jersey in 1729 and in Augusta County, Virginia in 1756.[2]

James Patton granted to Henry Brown, Sr., 50 acres by patent 3d November, 1750. Lick Run of Roanoke; corner James Burk. (Chalkley Vol. 3 pg. 309)[4]

Augusta County, Virginia.

James Patton was one of the most important frontier leaders in Virginia between 1741, when he took up permanent residence in the colony, and his death at the start of the French and Indian War. He played a pivotal role in the exploration, settlement, governance, and military leadership of western Virginia during that period. After settling in what was then Orange County (now Augusta County) near present-day Waynesboro, Patton became a colonel in the county militia, a justice of the peace, and a member of a company of men who had received a grant from the Virginia Council of 100,000 acres on the James and Roanoke rivers. In 1743, Col. Patton organized his own land company and was granted 100,000 acres in 1745 on the New, Holston, and Clinch rivers—the Western Waters. Through his land speculation ventures he helped open the frontier to settlement and further exploration, while at the same time serving in prominent magisterial positions in the Augusta County government, achieving the rank of county lieutenant by the year of his death.[5]

Henry and Samuel Brown are on the Muster List of 1742, Capt. George Robinson's List. (Chalkley Vol 2. pg. 509)[4] On December 13, 1744 Henry was listed as a purchaser from the estate of Daniel Monahan. (Vol. 3 pg. 9)[4] He was named on the list for the road to be built from "Ridge dividing waters of New River from waters of So. Br. Roanoak to end in a road that leads over the Blue Ridge". (Vol 1 pg. 131)[4] In August 16, 1751 Henry and his son Henry were listed as appraisers for the estate of Methesalem Griffith. (Vol. 1 pg. 433)[4]

On November 23, 1753 he was listed as a worker on the road from "from Wm. Carravan's plantation to Wm. Bryans on Roan Oak". (Vol 1 pg. 76)[4]

Killed in Shawnee Raid

"In 1755, the Shawnees were estimated to number 300 warriors, or about 1,300 souls. They harassed the frontiers, as allies of the French, from the beginning of the French and Indian War, in 1755, until the treaty of Greenville in 1795. The majority of the expeditions sent across the Ohio river during the Revolutionary period, were directed against the Shawnees and most of the destruction on the Southwestern Virginia frontier was the work of the same tribe." [6]

French and Indian War 1755.

The Indian raid in which Henry Brown Sr. was killed did not occur in 1755 as stated in a manuscript titled "Sketch of the Brown Family, dating from 1755, Augusta, Rockbridge and Bedford" supposedly written by John Thompson Brown, a great grandson of Henry Brown Sr. which was published in the January 1903 issue of the West Virginia Historical Magazine.

"Mr W. S. Laidley, editor of the West Virginia Historical Magazine, in an article entitled Pioneer Settlements of West Virginia, Vol. 3, page 294, said: "In 1757, the Roanoke settlement was destroyed by the Indians." This is probably correct; and Henry Brown Sr. was likely killed in the fall of 1757, for Esther Brown, his daughter, qualified as his administratrix on 16 Nov. 1757, as shown by the following order copied from Augusta County Order Book No. 6, page 39."[2]


  1. Hutchinson, Elmer T. Documents Relating to the Colonial, Revolutionary and Post-revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey: Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc. Trenton, NJ: MacCrellish & Quigley, 1944. Vol. XXI. pg 55.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Prichard, Armstead Mead. Mead Relations: Mead, Brown, Powell, Keyser, Kelly, Trumbo, Austin, Toler, Prichard Virginia Kentucky. "The Brown Family". Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1985. pg. 91
  3. New Jersey Historical Society. "Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc. January 01, 1970. Accessed September 17, 2018. pg. 192.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800. Rosslyn, VA, Printers: Commonwealth Print., 1912.
  5. Mays, Ryan S. "New Maritime Records of James Patton." The Smithfield Review - Virginia Tech University Libraries, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2018.
  6. Brown, Ralph M. "A Sketch of the Early History of South-Western Virginia." The William and Mary Quarterly 17, no. 4 (1937): 501. doi:10.2307/1923744.*.html

See also:

Research Notes

1. Birth record for Henry Brown is needed. I have searched,,, and the internet and have not been able to locate a primary record for Henry's birth.


Biography created by Caryl Ruckert 9/21/18.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Henry by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Henry:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


On 7 Dec 2017 at 14:44 GMT Caryl (Short) Ruckert wrote:

Hi Bryan,

I have some sources to add to Henry Brown (my 5th GG). Can you add me to the trusted list in case I find any images to add to his bio?

Thanks, Caryl

Henry is 23 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 22 degrees from Katy Jurado and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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