Robert I Bruce

Robert Bruce (1274 - 1329)

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Robert (Robert I) "The Bruce, King of Scotland" Bruce
Born in Writtle, Essex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Kyle, Ayrshire, , Scotlandmap
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 33,162 times.

Categories: House of Bruce | Magna Carta | Clare-673 Descendants | Clare-651 Descendants | Lord of Annandale | Significant and Famous Scots | This Day In History June 07 | This Day In History July 11 | Battle of Methven | Battle of Bannockburn | Clan Bruce | Magna Carta Project Needs Re-review | Magna Carta Project Needs Source Check.

Clan Bruce tartan.
Robert I Bruce is a member of Clan Bruce.
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Robert I Bruce is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Preceded by
THE SECOND INTERREGNUM
King of Scots
27 Mar 1306 - 07 Jun 1329
Succeeded by
David II

Contents

Biography

Robert was the son of "Robert de Brus, Knt., lord of Annandale . . . and, in right of his wife, Earl of Carrick" and Marjory (or Margaret) of Carrick, who married about 1273.[1]

Robert married (1) Isabel of Mar about 1295 and (2) Elizabeth de Burgh in 1302.[2]

Robert and his first wife had one child; he had four children by his second wife; and he had several illegitimate children (see tables below, which had listed six illegitimate children; Richardson lists five).[2]

Robert the Bruce—Robert I, King of Scots—"died at Cardross, Dumbartonshire 7 June 1329, and was buried in the middle of the choir before the high altar [in] the abbey church of Dunfermline, Fife."[3]

Robert the Bruce (1274-1329)

With the defeat of the English at the Battle of Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce secured Scottish sovereignty. Until James VI and I ascended the throne, his descendants would rule Scotland for three hundred years.[4]
  • 1306 - 1329: Robert I, King of Scotland[4][5][6][7][8][9]
  • Liberator; 'Good King Robert'[4]
  • Given Name: Robert de Bruce
  • Alias: Robert de Bruce VIII (to distinguish him from his father and grandfather)

Early Life

Parents
NameSpouses
FatherRobert de Brus, 1st Lord Brus (Jul 1243 – bef. 04 Mar 1304)m.1 Margaret of Carrick

m.2 Eleanor

MotherMargaret "Marjorie." Countess of Carrick ( c.1253 or 1256 – bef. 09 Nov 1292)m.1 Adam of Kilconquhar

m.2 Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale

Family

m.1Isabella of Mar[10]
no.NameYearsSpouseIssue
1.Marjoried.02 Mar 1315/16[11]Walter the High StewardRobert Stewart a.k.a Robert II, King of Scots
m.2Elisabeth de Burgh[12]
no.NameYearsSpouseIssue
2.Matildad.20 Jul 1353[13]Thomas Isaac[14]Joanna m. John of Lorn[15]

Catherine[16]

3.Margaret m. 1345 William, 4th earl of SutherlandJohn[17]

William, 5th earl of Sutherland.

4.David II, King of Scots
5.Johnd.Young[18]
Illegitimate Children[19]
no.NameYearsSpouseIssue
6.Sir Robertd.12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin[20]
7.Walter of Odistown on the Clyde
not listed by Richardson[2]
predeceased father.
7.Nigel of Carrick[21]d. Battle of Durham[22]
8.Margaretliving 20 Feb 1363/4)Robert Glen
9.Elisabeth Sir Walter Oliphant of Gask
10.Christian of Carrickliving 1328-29[23]

Timeline

11 July 1274: b. Writtle, Chelmsford, Essex, England.
27 Oct 1292: Earl of Carrick[24]
1295: #m.1 Isabella, Lady of Mar[25]
Btw 1295 - 1304: Lord of Annandale
1299: Becomes a regent.[26]
1302: #m.2 Lady Elizabeth de Burgh[27]
1304Robert 'the Elder' Bruce dies.[28]
abt Apr 1304:2nd Lord Brus
1305:Edward I executes William Wallace.[4]

Bruce consulted about making Scotland an English province.

20 Feb 1305/6: Attainted[29]
1306:Murders John 'the Red' Comyn at Greyfriars Kirk in Dumfries.[28][30]
27 Mar 1306:Crowned at Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland[31]
1307: Deposed by Edward I.[32]
07 Jul 1307Edward I dies.
1314: Battle of Bannockburn: Beats English[33]
May 1316:Bros. Edward is High King of Ireland.[4]
Oct 1318:Edward, High King of Ireland dies at Battle of Dundall.[4]
1323:Truce with Edward II[34]
1324:Papacy recognizes Robert as king of independent Scotland.[28]

Treaty of Corbeil: Franco-Scottish alliance renewed.[28]

1327: War after accession of Edward III. Scots win.
1328:Treaty recognizing independence of Scotland and Bruce's right to the throne.
07 Jun 1329:Dies at at Cardross Castle, Cardross, Argyllshire, Scotland on the northern shore of the Firth of Clyde. Burial: Dunfermline and Melrose Abbeys. Age 54. Successor: David II[35][36]

Sources

  1. Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Vol I, p 596 BRUS #7
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Vol I, pp 605-610 BRUS #8
  3. Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Vol 1, p 606
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Ashley, Mike (2008). A Brief History of British Kings & Queens. pp.158-161, 460-461. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers. Print
  5. Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 209.
  6. G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 360.
  7.  : Leslie Stephen, editor, Dictionary of National Biography (London, U.K.: Smith, Elder & Company, 1908), volume II, page 117-128.
  8. Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume 1, pages 7-8.
  9. Scottish kings - a revised chronology of Scottish history, 1005-1625. Published 1899 by D. Douglas in Edinburgh.
  10. Footnotes for Family Tables
    Only child.
  11. Horse fall near Paisley, Renfrewshire
  12. Issue: 2 sons (David and John), 2 dau. (Matilda and Margaret)
  13. d. Aberdeen; buried: Dunfermline.
  14. 'a certain squire,'
  15. lord of that Ilk
  16. Single. d. Stirling.
  17. d. England as hostage for uncle, King David II.
  18. d. childhood; burial: Priory of Restennet in Forfarshire.
  19. Several appear in records.
  20. had 500 merks yr. from king. Slain.
  21. had 20 yearly.
  22. Slain.
  23. last footnote for Family tables
    pension.
  24. Timeline Footnotes
    Pays homage to Edward I who beat John de Baliol in 1296, then refused to acknowledge another king of Scotland. Bruce later abandons Edward's cause and joins other Scot leaders in taking up arms for independence. For this he was attainted.
  25. dau. Sir Donald, 6th Earl of Mar and Helen
  26. The year after Scottish patriot Sir William Wallace defeated by Edward at Falkirk, Bruce, still in favor with Edward, was made one of the four regents who ruled kingdom in the name of Baliol.
  27. dau. Richard de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster and Margaret de Burgh
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 Robert the Bruce, King of Scots 1306 – 1329. BBC.
  29. English estates forfeit by Edward I.
  30. Met old enemy, Scottish patriot John Comyn (nephew of Baliol). Quarreled. And Bruce stabs Comyn. Bruce excommunicated and outlawed. Scotland plunged into civil war.
  31. Deposed
  32. Fled to highlands, then island of Rathlin on Antrim (now in Northern Ireland) coast. In his absence, his estates were confiscated, and he and his followers were excommunicated. He continued to recruit followers, however, and in less than two years he wrested nearly all of Scotland from the English.
  33. Invades England twice.
  34. lasts 13 years.
  35. In later years Bruce was stricken with leprosy [this is disputed - some say that this applies to his father or grandfather] and lived in seclusion at Cardross Castle, Cardross, Argyllshire, Scotland on the northern shore of the Firth of Clyde where he died.
    His body was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. But his heart is at Melrose. Embalmed, it was to be taken on crusade by his lieutenant and friend Sir James Douglas to the Holy Land, but only reached Moorish Granada, where it acted as a talisman for the Scottish contingent at the Battle of Teba.
    He was succeeded by his son, David II. Bruce's nephew, Robert II, who succeeded David, was the first king of the Stuart house of English and Scottish royalty.
    "Bruce, Robert," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000
  36. last Timeline footnote
    The Peerage.com
See also:

Acknowledgements

Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than Stanley-51 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged.

Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.

Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta ancestry
Robert the Bruce is a descendant of Magna Carta surety barons Gilbert de Clare and Richard de Clare through his grandmother, Isabel (de Clare) Brus, who was the daughter of Gilbert (who was the son of Richard).
Although not listed as a Gateway Ancestor by Richardson (he arrived in Virginia after 1700), Alexander Spotswood - who is documented by Richardson in Royal Ancestry - is a lineal descendant of Robert the Bruce (and therefore included as a Gateway Ancestor by the Magna Carta Project). The Virginia Governor's connection goes through the Lindsays: Robert's 3x-gr-granddaughter Elizabeth Stewart was the mother of Alexander Lindsay, 3x-gr-grandfather of another Alexander Lindsay, who was the governor's 3x-gr-grandfather.
The Magna Carta trail is being re-reviewed (in process, December 2017). It was initially badged by the Magna Carta Project in 2015.
A source check of facts to Richardson is needed (the display of sources indicated a copy/paste from Marlyn Lewis's database). ~ Noland-165 18:23, 17 December 2017 (EST)


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Images: 7
Marriage: Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar
Marriage: Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar

Victorian depiction of Robert the Bruce
Victorian depiction of Robert the Bruce

Roibert a Briuis Image 1
Roibert a Briuis Image 1

King Robert the Bruce Memorial Tartan
King Robert the Bruce Memorial Tartan

BRUCE BROUGHT HIS AXE CRASHING DOWN UPON THE HEAD OF BOHUN
BRUCE BROUGHT HIS AXE CRASHING DOWN UPON THE HEAD OF BOHUN

view all


Collaboration

On 19 Dec 2017 at 17:34 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

update: detached Walter's profile (Bruce-1622)

need a source for son Walter. I went to look for one on Walter's profile (Bruce-1622) and found a comment from 2015:

This person is not listed in any known source as son of Robert the Bruce

or either of his wives. If no referecnes are provided he will be disconnected.

If no objections, I'll detach him & "line through" his entry in the family tables.

If you object to his profile being attached, please provide a source.

Thanks!

On 23 Jul 2017 at 05:19 GMT Barbara Thigpen wrote:

How can I join this project? Geni has a different paternal line & 1 of the 2 administrators, [retired professional genealogist], of the Royal Stewart Clan FaceBook group showed me a site with a slight difference from the WikiTree paternal ancestry of King Robert the Bruce. The line is also in my ancestry more than once. I wish to collaborate; not change anything, myself. I'm looking into John Barbour's writings now.

On 12 Dec 2016 at 20:37 GMT Peter Roberts wrote:

Facial reconstruction by Liverpool John Moores University and Glasgow University using cast of the original skull https://www.yahoo.com/news/m/dc705198-97eb-34c2-9112-684a6dd8689c/ss_this-is-the-face-of.html

On 25 Feb 2016 at 13:26 GMT Elliott Burke Jr. wrote:

De Bruys-2 and Bruce-129 are not ready to be merged because: This is a Pre-1500 Profile and needs to be reviewed by someone with Pre-1500 certification. There is no profile information included or anything listed on De Bruys-2 to indicate that this person is the same as Bruce-129. Please complete and review the profile for an accurate comparison to proceed with a merge.

On 11 Aug 2015 at 21:39 GMT James McDonald wrote:

Attributed son Walter is seen in only a few sources, none of them authoritative.

Should he be removed?

On 21 Jun 2014 at 09:14 GMT Eugene Quigley wrote:

The older paragraph bio was more pleasant to read and look at. Not a fan of this chopped up point form with 27 footnotes.



Robert I is 20 degrees from Judy Garland, 24 degrees from Mindy Silva and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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