David II (Bruce) de Brus

David (Bruce) de Brus (1324 - 1371)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
David (David II) "King of Scots" de Brus formerly Bruce
Born in Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Berwick upon Tweed, NBL, Englandmap
Husband of — married about (to about ) in Inchmurdach Manor, Fife, Scotlandmap
[children unknown]
Died in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 26 May 2011
This page has been accessed 3,255 times.

Categories: House of Bruce | Battle of Halidon Hill | Battle of Neville's Cross | This Day In History February 22.


Preceded by
Robert I
King of Scots
07 Jun 1329 - 22 Feb 1370-1
Succeeded by
Robert II

Contents

David II of Scotland

Robert the Bruce died when David II was only five. So he wound up a boy king, and was deposed and restored as he vied with Edward Balliol. He also spent about 20 years facing captivity, but seems to have stabilized his rule during the last decade of his life.[1][2]

Married off at four-years-old to a seven-year-old Joanna, David remained married to her for 34 years. But said to be a loveless match, they never had kids.[1]

A few years after his release by the English, he went on to marry Margaret Drummond in February of 1364 ... but the couple divorced without issue on 20 March 1370. He died the next year, and the throne passed to the Stewarts through his nephew Robert.[1]


RulerReignConsort
David II (1324-1371)[1]1329-32: Deposed by Edward Balliol.

1332-33: Restored but deposed again.[3]

1336-71: Restored, most of 1334-57 in captivity in England.[4]

m.1 Joanna

m.2 Margaret Drummond

Edward Balliol (c.1282-c.1364)[1]Aug-Dec 1332: Deposed and expelled.

1333-34: Restored but deposed again.

1335-36: Restored and deposed again.

Vitals

David Bruce[5]
b. 05 Mar 1323/24 at Dunfermline Palace[5]
d. 22 Feb 1370/1 Edinburgh Castle[5]
burial: Holyrood Abbey.

Titles

btw 17 Mar 1328 - 17 Jul 1328: 1st Earl of Carrick [Scotland][5]
07 Jun 1329: David II, King of Scotland[5]
Coronation: 24 Nov 1331 Scone Abbey[5]

Family

p. Robert I Bruce, King of Scotland and Elizabeth de Burgh.[5]
m.1 Joanna 'of the Tower' Plantagenet[5][6] 17 Jul 1328 Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland
m.2 Margaret Drummond[1][5][7] 20 Feb 1363/64 Inchmurdach Manor, Fife. Divorce: c. 20 Mar 1370.

Links

  • Wikipedia: David II of Scotland
  • A History of Northumberland (Lodon, 1893) Vol. 1, Page 39-40: "After the battle of Neville's Cross in 1346, David Bruce, 'who called himself king of Scotland,' was brought a prisoner to Bamburgh. Masters William de Bolton and Hugh de Kilvington, barber surgeons, came to the castle from York to extract the arrow with which he had been wounded in the battle, and to heal him with despatch. They received L6 for their services." citing Rymer Faedera, III. i. p. 109.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
    Ashley, Mike (2008). A Brief History of British Kings & Queens. pp.161-163, 461. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
  2. After the English released him and he returned to Scotland, David dealt firmly with recalcitrant nobles and wider baronial revolt. He continued to pursue the goal of final peace with England
  3. Deposed aft. Battle of Halidon Hill Jul 1333. Fled with Joanna to France.
  4. Jun 1341: Restored.
    1346: Honoring the Auld Alliance with France, attempted to invade England while Edward III was preoccupied with France and Phillip IV.
    17 Oct 1346: Wounded and captured by English aft Neville's Cross near Durham. Held captive until Treaty of Berwick Oct 1357. Ransomed for 100,000 marks; Paid at the rate of 10,000 per year.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8
    G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000)
    Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999)
    Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904)
    Leslie Stephen, editor, Dictionary of National Biography (London, U.K.: Smith, Elder & Company, 1908)
  6. dau. Edward II, King of England and Isabelle de France
  7. dau Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox and unknown dau Graham
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I pp. 78-80


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA
No known carriers of David II's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 1
Bruce
Bruce

Collaboration
  • Login to edit this profile.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Eugene Quigley and Marc Cohen. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)


David II is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 26 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

B  >  Bruce  |  D  >  de Brus  >  David (Bruce) de Brus