||James Buchanan Jr. was the President of the United States.|
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John C. Calhoun
of the United States
17th United States
Secretary of State
US Senator (Class 3)
John M. Clayton
Harriet Rebecca Lane Johnston acted as First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her uncle, lifelong bachelor James Buchanan, from 1857 to 1861.
In 1797, the family moved nearby to Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, where their home was later converted into the James Buchanan Hotel.
Buchanan attended the village academy (Old Stone Academy) and later Dickinson College. Although expelled for behavior, he eventually graduated with honors on 19 September 1809. Later that year he moved to Lancaster, and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1812.
A Federalist, James initially opposed the War of 1812, but when the British invaded Maryland, he joined a volunteer light dragoon unit to defend Baltimore.
Called "doughface," Buchanan was "a Northerner with Southern sympathies," which caused problems when it came to slavery. He could not maintain peace between the North and South, so the South seceded, heralding a looming civil war.
Three states have named counties in honor of President Buchanan: Iowa, Missouri and Virginia.
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