James  Buchanan Jr.

James Buchanan Jr. (1791 - 1868)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
President James Buchanan Jr.
Born in Cove Gap, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Died in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United Statesmap
Buchanan-787 created 25 Sep 2012 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 12,156 times.

Categories: US Presidents | Franklin County, Pennsylvania | US Ambassadors to the United Kingdom | US Secretaries of State | US Ambassadors to Russia | US Senators from Pennsylvania | US Representatives from Pennsylvania | Democratic Political Party | Federalist Political Party | Mercersburg, Pennsylvania | Lancaster, Pennsylvania | This Day In History April 23 | This Day In History June 01 | Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania | Namesakes US Counties | Notables | Clan Buchanan.


Notables
James Buchanan Jr. is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables
The Presidential Seal.
James Buchanan Jr. was the President of the United States.
Join: US Presidents Project
Discuss: presidents
Preceded by
14th President
Franklin Pierce




Preceded by
16th Secretary
John C. Calhoun




Preceded by
William Wilkins
James Buchanan
15th President
of the United States
Presidential Seal
1857—1861

17th United States
Secretary of State
State Dept
1845—1849

US Senator (Class 3)
from Pennsylvania
Seal of of the US Senate
1834—1845
Succeeded by
16th President
Abraham Lincoln




Succeeded by
18th Secretary

John M. Clayton




Succeeded by
Simon Cameron

Contents

Biography

James Buchanan, Jr.,[1] is the only president from Pennsylvania, the only one who never got married[2], and the last to be born in the Category: 18th Century.

Early Life

Born on 23 April 1791 in Cove Gap[3], he was the son of businessman and farmer James Buchanan, Sr. (1761–1821) and Elizabeth Speer.

Clan Buchanan tartan.
James Buchanan Jr. is a member of Clan Buchanan.
Join: Scottish Clans Project
Discuss: scottish_clans

The Buchanans were Scotch-Irish.[4] In 1783, James, Sr. emigrated from Donegal, Ireland.[5] He and his wife had 5 sons, and six daughters.[6].

In 1797, the family moved nearby to Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, where their home was later converted into the James Buchanan Hotel.[7]


Education

Buchanan attended the village academy (Old Stone Academy) and later Dickinson College. Although expelled for behavior, he eventually graduated with honors on September 19, 1809. Later that year he moved to Lancaster, and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1812.

Military

A Federalist, James initially opposed the War of 1812, but when the British invaded Maryland, he joined a volunteer light dragoon unit to defend Baltimore.

Politics

Called "doughface," Buchanan was "a Northerner with Southern sympathies," which caused problems when it came to slavery. He could not maintain peace between the North and South, so the South succeeded, heralding a looming civil war.[8]

  • Democrat
  • Minister to the UK (Aug 23, 1853 – Mar 15, 1856)
  • 17th Secretary of State (Mar 10, 1845 – Mar 7, 1849)
  • Senator: PA (Dec 6, 1834 – Mar 5, 1845}
  • Minister to Russia (Jan 4, 1832 – Aug 5, 1833)
  • Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary (Mar 4, 1829 – Mar 4, 1831)
  • House of Reps: PA 4th district (Mar 4, 1823 – Mar 4, 1831)
  • House of Reps: PA 3rd district (Mar 4, 1821 – Mar 4, 1823)

Religion

  • Religion: Presbyterian

Fraternal Affiliation

  • Freemason:[9] Initiated: 11 Dec1816, Lodge No. 43, Lancaster, PA; Master of Masonic Lodge No. 43. Lancaster, PA; District Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.[10]

Death

bur. Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, PA

Most Distant Known Ancestors

Paternal Thomas Buchanan
Link to 10 Generation Paternal Chart
Maternal Mary Patterson
Link to 10 Generation Maternal Chart

Legacy

Three states have named counties in honor of President Buchanan: Iowa, Missouri and Virginia.


Sources

  1. Wikipedia: James Buchanan; White House; Memorial #143, Find a Grave
  2. numerous historians claim James Buchanan was gay. See: . Loewen, J. (2012, May 14). Our real first gay president. www.salon.com
  3. Franklin County, Pennsylvania Buchanan's Birthplace State Park; [1])
  4. create category for Scotch- Irish?
  5. second of eleven children, 3 died in infancy.
  6. [citation needed]; need to find siblings
  7. (in 2012 a pub and restaurant)[2]
  8. Wikipedia
  9. other Pres. Freemasons
  10. Wikipedia


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored by MyHeritage




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

Do you have a GEDCOM? Login to have every name in your tree searched. It's free (like everything on WikiTree).


Sponsored by MyHeritage


DNA
No known carriers of James's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.



Images: 5
James Buchanan 15th President
James Buchanan 15th President

Political Cartoon
Political Cartoon

Presidential Seal
Presidential Seal

James Buchanan
James Buchanan

James Buchanan and his Cabinet
James Buchanan and his Cabinet

Collaboration
  • Login to edit this profile.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Eowyn Langholf and Vicki Norman. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)

On 24 Feb 2017 at 15:39 GMT Linda (Sherman) Stienstra wrote:

How do I join this project? I live 3 blocks from his home and used to work at LancasterHistory.org on the same Campus with his home.

Thank you.

On 17 Feb 2017 at 09:09 GMT Jaynie (Flippen) Anderson wrote:

I would like to join this project. How do I do this?



James is 21 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 21 degrees from Annie Butler, 34 degrees from Rubén Hernández and 18 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

B  >  Buchanan  >  James Buchanan Jr.