Phillip was a justice of King William County, Virginia in 1741 and church warden of St. David's Parish in King William in 1746. He advertised his King William property for sale in 1751, and apparently moved to Louisa Co. VA afterward. His birthdate is unknown, though presumably it was around 1700, give or take a decade.
Philip's future wife Jane Robinson renounced the will of her husband Christopher Robinson in 1742 in Caroline Co. (witnessed by Benjamin Hubbard and Richard Buckner), which is probably just before she married Phillip.
Phillip Buckner is generally thought to have been the son of Richard Buckner of Caroline Co., though there is no direct evidence for the relationship. An alternative is that he was the son of Richard's brother, John Buckner Jr. The main evidence to support the latter idea is that John is known to have had a son named Phillip who was alive in 1733 (from a lawsuit involving John's heirs) and that one Louisa Co. deed refers to Phillip as Phillip Buckner of "Gloster". Since John Buckner Jr. was a lifelong resident of Gloucester Co. and Richard Buckner lived most of his adult life in Essex (later Caroline) Co., this inclines more to the idea that he was John's son.
A second earlier reference to Phillip Buckner "of Gloucester" can be found in the
Orange Co. Court Order Book I March 1738/9 (Virginia)
At a Call'd Court held for Orange County the xxii day of March, 1738. Richard Cross alias Richard Breaden, a prisoner committed to the goal of this County by a precept under the hand and Seal of Benj. Cave Gent. one of his Majesties Justices of sd. county dated the 17th day of march 1738 on suspicion of feloniously taking a Gray Gelding belonging to Philip Buckner of Gloucester County, Gent. being brought before the Court and Examined and all the Witnesses and Circumstances relating to the said Fact being duly heard and considered this Court are of Opinion that the said Richard Cross alias Breaden, is guilty of that fact whereof he is accused and that he ought to be tryed for same before the Gen'l Court and therefore remand the said Richad Cross alias Breadon to the county Goal there to remain until he shall be thence delivered by due Course of Law.
This case is also referred to in Virginia Colonial Decisions, which also gives Gloucester as his residence. Apparently, he lived close enough to the King Willam Co. border that a horse could easily wander into King William, which is essentially what happened in this case.
This would seem to be fairly conclusive evidence that Phillip lived in Gloucester Co. prior to living in King William Co.
If one then notes that John Buckner Jr. received a 400 acre land patent with Robert Bullard (this may be a variant of "Ballard", but it seems to be the regular spelling in other records) in King William Co. in 1714, it becomes apparent that all primary source evidence points to the idea that Phillip Buckner was one of the sons of John Buckner Jr.
In the Louisa Co. VA deed books, Phillip Aylett and his wife on 16 Nov 1751 conveyed land to John Brockman, which was part of a patent granted to John Aylett and bounding on Thomas Carr, Phillip Buckner, and William Aylett's orphans. This indicates that Phillip got the Louisa land as part of his wife's inheritance.
Phillip left a will probated in Louisa Co. VA in 1762 (transcribed below in the notes), and his wife Jane (or Jean)'s was probated in Albemarle Co. VA in 1789. It should be noted that Jane's will is rather complicated, and, most oddly, it names a child Judith who was not named in Phillip's will. Unless something strange is going on, Judith was probably born between the writing of Phillip's will in 1761 and the probate in 1762, or perhaps even posthumously. The terms of Jane's will make it clear that Judith was a full-blood sister of the others, so she wasn't just a half or step daughter. This may explain why Phillip's estate was put into administration (under their son William) in 1772. Under English law of the period, omission of a child from a will invalidated it, so perhaps the error was not discovered by the court until 1772. Children known from the wills:
William of Orange Co. (b. ca. 1744, had 10 children, many not well documented)
Thomas (moved to Halifax Co. VA, probably died around 1810, several children)
Phillip (1753-1819, moved to KY, the ancestor of the General Simon Bolivar Buckners, père et fils)
Aylett (probably died in infancy)
Judith (b.ca. 1762, probably married Madison Breedlove in Orange Co. 1784)
@NI12696@ NOTERESIDENCE: Caroline Co., Virginia; Louisa Co., Virginia
WILL: Children in Will: William, Ann, Thomas, Mary, Philip, Jane, Elizabeth, Aylett.
Will Proved, Louisa County, Virginia. Buckner, Philip Book: 1, Page: , Date: 7/12/1761. Submitted by Leora Siewert (LSiewert@aol.com) "Last Will and Testament of Philip Buckner In the name of God Amen. I, Philip Buckner being weak _____of body but thanks be to almighty God sound of perfect _____doth make this my last Will in manner & form ______. ____give & be _______ my sole to God who gave it in ______ sertin hope of a joyfule resurrection through Jesus our lord and as to my worldly estate I give and devise to ______ loving wife Jane all my land lying in Louisa County & the following slaves, Tom, Peter, Ne?, Frank, Fuller, old Ester, Nelly, Sally to her & her heirs forever and one of the plantations at the mountains which she shale make choice of for her life time.
I give and bequeath to my son William all that tract of land bought of Benj'n Grymes Esq. lying on the mountains in Orang County & two slaves John the son of Fuller & _____ to him & his heirs forever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my Daughter Ann one Negro garl named Bets? with her increase forever.
Itam I give to my son Thomas one Negro boy named John the son of E_?_ to him & his heirs forever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my Daughter Mary one Negro garl named Cold little Bets? with her increase forever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my son Philip one Negro boy named Hary to him & his heirs orever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my Daughter Jane one Negro garl named Nanny to her & her heirs forever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my Daughter Elizabeth one Negro garl named Judy to her & her heirs forever.
Itam I give & bequeath to my son Aylett one Negro boy named Solomon to him & his heirs forever.
Itam I give all the remainder of my estate after my just debts are paid to be equally divided between my loving wife Jane all my eight. I constitute my wife Jane & my good friends the Rev'd James Murry & Doc'r Tho's Walker my Exe'rs & Exe'tricks. July 12, 1761 Phil Buckner
At a Court neld for Louisa County on the 10th day of August 1762 This will was this day presented in Court & it appearing to the Court that it was wrote by his own hand as several of the members now here were well acquainted with his hand. It was admitted to Record & is Recorded Teste. Thomas Perkins, Deputy Clerk."
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Philip by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Philip: