Ralph Bunche

Ralph Johnson Bunche (1904 - 1971)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Dr. Ralph Johnson Bunche
Born in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 23 Jun 1930 in District of Columbia, United Statesmap
Father of , and [private son (1940s - unknown)]
Died in New York, New York, United Statesmap
Profile manager: Greg Lavoie private message [send private message]
Profile last modified 7 Aug 2019 | Created 31 Jan 2018
This page has been accessed 2,682 times.

Contents

Biography

Notables Project
Ralph Bunche is Notable.

Ralph Bunche was the first African-American to be honored with a Nobel Peace Prize.[1][2] Ralph was a political scientist, academic, and diplomat.

Family

Ralph Johnson Bunche was born August 7, 1904 (or 1903 according to some sources[3]) in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan.[4][2][3][5][6][7] He was the son of Frederick and Olive (Johnson) Bunche.[8] In 1910, the family was living in Toledo, Ohio.[8] In addition to Ralph and his parents, his sister Grace was also in the household. Ralph's father, Fred, was working as a barber.[8][2][4] Ralph's mother was an amateur piano musician.[2][4] Soon after the time the census was taken, the Bunches moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico in order to bolster the poor health of Fred and Olive.[2] The move didn't help as expected, and both parents were deceased only two years later.[2]

Ralph's maternal grandmother, Lucy Johnson, took Ralph and his two sisters into her home.[2] By 1920, that was Los Angeles.[9] Grandma Lucy had been born into slavery and lived with the Bunches throughout Ralph's childhood.[2] Ralph was working as an office boy at a dye works in 1920 to help support the family.[9] Other odd jobs he'd worked during that time included selling newspapers, working as a house boy for an actor, and laying carpet.[2]

Ralph attended high school in Los Angeles at Jefferson High, where he graduated as valedictorian.[2][10][11][12][13][14][15] After high school, he attended the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on an athletic scholarship, where he played basketball and was member of the Pre-Legal Association.[16][17][18] He supported his personal needs working a janitorial job.[2] He graduated in 1927, summa cum laude and valedictorian of his class.[2] His major was in international relations.[2]

Ralph's next stop was Harvard University, thanks to a scholarship and funds raised by his local Los Angeles black community, to study political science.[2] He completed his master's degree in 1928.[2] He started teaching at Howard University while working on his doctorate at Harvard.[2] He later did postdoctoral research at Northwestern University, the London School of Economics, and Capetown University, South Africa.[2]

Ralph married Ruth Ethel Harris of Montgomery, Alabama, June 23, 1930 in the District of Columbia.[4][19][20] They had 3 children together, Ralph Jr, Joan, and Jane.[4]

In 1940, Ralph and Ruth, as well as two daughters, were living in Washington, D.C.[21] Ralph was working as a research professor at Howard University, while Ruth was teaching at a bible school.[21]

Peacemaker

Ralph was involved in the civil rights movement from an early age, but especially dug in during his collegiate years.[2] Though some of his ideas were considered somewhat radical, overall he was known as moderate in his viewpoints, including criticizing equally the US social system and the established black organizations.[2] He worked with Martin Luther King, Jr, supported the NAACP, and aided US presidents in their minorities policy.[2] His position in sum was that racial inequality made no scientific sense and that segregation and democracy were incompatible.[2] In his words, democracy is color-blind.[2]

Ralph worked in various governmental positions as advisor.[2] He was an United States Diplomat and United Nations Peacemaker.[22] His most notable role was his work between the Arabs and Jews in the Palestinian conflict.[2] When his superior was assassinated, Ralph was appointed the head of the negotiations.[2] Within 11 months, he was able to work an agreement between the groups and establish a cease-fire.[2][23] Ralph received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950 for his work on mediation in Israel in the late 1940s.[2] He was the first African-American to receive the prize.[2] Ralph was involved in the formation and administration of the United Nations and the ongoing efforts of the UN to establish peace in war-torn areas.[2] Ralph eventually held the highest role at the UN that any American official had held up to that point, that of undersecretary.[4]

Ralph received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President John F. Kennedy in 1963. He received the Spingarn Award from the NAACP.[2] He also received over 30 honorary degrees.[2]

Legacy

Ralph was forced to retire from his role at the UN in October of 1971 due to heart health concerns.[24] Ralph Bunche passed away December 9, 1971 at New York Hospital in New York, New York from various health complications include kidney trouble, diabetes, and heart issues.[24][3][7][4] The services for his funeral were held in Riverside Church.[24] He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York.[7]

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Ralph Bunche," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikipedia:Ralph Bunche (accessed January 31, 2018).
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 Ralph Bunche – Biographical. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2019. Thu. 1 Aug 2019. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1950/bunche/biographical
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2014. Ancestry Record 3693 #8015530
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Dr. Ralph Bunche, UN Diplomat, Dies Thu, Dec 9, 1971, Page 1, Traverse City Record-Eagle (Traverse City, Michigan) via Newspapers.com
  5. Ancestry.com. New York State, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1917-1967 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2008. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; NAI Number: 2848504; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787 - 2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: A3998; NARA Roll Number: 302 Ancestry Record 1277 #5161090
  6. Ancestry.com. U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.The National Archives in St. Louis, Missouri; St. Louis, Missouri; WWII Draft Registration Cards for District of Columbia, 10/16/1940 - 03/31/1947; Record Group: Records of the Selective Service System, 147; Box: 031 Ancestry Record 2238 #6577188
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 01 August 2019), memorial page for Ralph Johnson Bunche (7 Aug 1904–9 Dec 1971), Find A Grave: Memorial #149, citing Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, Bronx County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MLDN-QS5 : accessed 8 February 2018), Ralph Bunch in household of Fred Bunch, Toledo Ward 8, Lucas, Ohio, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 109, sheet 3B, family 59, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1209; FHL microfilm 1,375,222.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MH7S-H4J : accessed 6 February 2019), Ralph Bunch in household of Albert Johnson, Los Angeles Assembly District 73, Los Angeles, California, United States; citing ED 388, sheet 3A, line 48, family 73, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 113; FHL microfilm 1,820,113.
  10. "U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: Jefferson High School; Year: 1921 Image
  11. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ancestry Record 1265 #301919841
  12. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ancestry Record 1265 #301919700
  13. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ancestry Record 1265 #182581531
  14. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ancestry Record 1265 #301919322
  15. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010."U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: Jefferson High School; Year: 1921 Ancestry Record 1265 #301919103
  16. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. "U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: University of Southern California; Year: 1924 Ancestry Record 1265 #243428425
  17. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. "U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: University of Southern California; Year: 1925 Ancestry Record 1265 #244262537
  18. Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. "U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: University of Southern California; Year: 1925 Image
  19. Ancestry.com. District of Columbia, Marriage Records, 1810-1953 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016. Ancestry Record 61404 #148401
  20. "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24T1-L1Q : 16 March 2018), Ralph Johnson Bunche, 1950; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  21. 21.0 21.1 "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K73M-YX1 : 15 March 2018), Ralph J Bunch, Tract 34, District of Columbia, Police Precinct 10, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 1-423, sheet 5A, line 8, family 58, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 567.
  22. "Michigan, Detroit Manifests of Arrivals at the Port of Detroit, 1906-1954," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZ1J-NC7 : 12 March 2018), Ralph Bunche, 01 Sep 1947; citing NARA microfilm publication M1478 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,490,457.
  23. "Ralph Bunche, United Nations mediator in Palestine during the 1948 conflict between the Arabs and Jews", www.un.org, accessed 1 Aug 2019
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Ancestry.com. Associated Press, Name Card Index to AP Stories, 1905-1990 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Image

See also:

  • WikiData: Q213500 Wikidata Information Reasonator enwiki Ancestors (about wikidata)
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24J1-WHJ : 12 March 2018), Ralph J Bunche, 1933; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2H7J-VXM : 15 March 2018), Ralph Bunche, 1953; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HQC-6D6 : 15 March 2018), Ralph J Bunche, 1945; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVPZ-J4V7 : 15 March 2018), Ralph Bunche, 1948; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24GS-RKM : 15 March 2018), Ralph J Bunche, 1946; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "California, Los Angeles Passenger Lists, 1907-1948," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZQC-4BJ : 13 March 2018), Ralph J Bunche, 1938; citing Immigration, ship name Tatuta Maru, NARA microfilm publication M1764 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 87; FHL microfilm 1,734,691.
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:241K-WNC : 16 March 2018), Ralph Bunche, 1952; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Ancestry.com. U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. "U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012"; School Name: Wayne University; Year: 1951 Image
  • Ancestry.com. New York, Passenger and Crew Lists (including Castle Garden and Ellis Island), 1820-1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Year: 1948; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 7689; Line: 14; Page Number: 90 Ancestry Record 7488 #3024254420
  • Ancestry.com. New York State, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1917-1967 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2008. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; NAI Number: 2848504; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: A3998; NARA Roll Number: 578 Ancestry Record 1277 #13087653
  • Ancestry.com. Illinois, Passenger and Crew List, 1943-1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. The National Archives and Records Administration; Washington, D.C.; Series Title: Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Chicago, Illinois; Series Number: A3716; NAI Number: 2645540; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Record Group Number: 85 Ancestry Record 9122 #315440
  • Ancestry.com. California, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1959 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at San Pedro/Wilmington/Los Angeles, California; NAI Number: 4486355; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Record Group Number: 85 Ancestry Record 7949 #2012683
  • Ancestry.com. U.S. Virgin Islands, Passenger Lists, 1885-1962 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. The National Archives at Washington, D.C; Washington, D.C; Series Title: Passenger Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands; NAI Number: 2953534; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: A3807; NARA Roll Number: 9 Ancestry Record 9127 #568869
  • Ancestry.com. New York, Passenger and Crew Lists (including Castle Garden and Ellis Island), 1820-1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Year: 1948; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 7636; Line: 3; Page Number: 218 Ancestry Record 7488 #3023772993
  • Ancestry.com. UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Ancestry Record 2997 #142002599
  • Ancestry.com. Associated Press, Name Card Index to AP Stories, 1905-1990 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Image
  • Ancestry.com. Associated Press, Name Card Index to AP Stories, 1905-1990 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Image
  • Ancestry.com. Associated Press, Name Card Index to AP Stories, 1905-1990 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Image
  • Ancestry.com. California, Voter Registrations, 1900-1968 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2017. California State Library; Sacramento, California; Great Register of Voters, 1900-1968 Image


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Comments: 4

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Congrats for an impressive profile!
posted by C Ryder
Hi there profile managers! We'll be featuring Ralph's profile August 7th as our Example Profile of the Week. Feel free to do some sprucing up between now and then. I'll stop by closer to the date to make sure everything's ready to go.

Thanks! Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann
He's connected now! We'll work on his biography closer to the 7th.

Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann
Hey there trusted list folks,

If we can get Ralph connected in the next few weeks, I'd love to feature him in the connection finder Aug 7, his birthday. I'll give it a go-just a heads up in case you want to improve his profile during that time, too!

Thanks, Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann

Ralph is 51 degrees from Claire Nava, 56 degrees from Levi Strauss and 44 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.