He was enrolled to bear arms in 1643, when probably 16 years old. He served the town as Constable in 1654. He subscribed to repair the meeting-house, and to support the minister, in 1657.
In 1661, he left the Plymouth Colony, and removed to Newport. He was admitted a freeman in the Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and served as grand juror, in 1667.
His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of William Bassett, whom he married November 8, 1648. They had no children. Elizabeth (Basset) Burgess asked for and was granted a divorce from Thomas Burgess on June 10, 1661, Adultery was the only grounds for divorce at the time, and Thomas was found guilty of the act with Lydia Gaunt (who became his second wife). He was punished by being whipped and forced to give up one-third of his net worth.
"The Court has ordered and appointed Mr. Thomas Hinckley to see the courts order executed on Thomas Burge, Jr., of Sandwich, to be publicly whipped, at the discretion of the said Mr. Hinckley, for the fact of uncleanes the said Burge committed with Lydia Gaunt, of Sandwich; this to be executed at Sandwich with all convenient speed, according to the law in that case provided. July 23, 1661, Governor Prence."
He subsequently married Lydia, daughter of Peter Gaunt, by 1665; they removed to Newport, Rhode Island, where their only known child, a son, Thomas III, was born in 1668.
Robert Barlett of Plymouth, sold, for 50 pounds silver, to Thomas Burges Jr of Newport, Rhode Island 17 or 27 Feb 1670/1, a share of land in Dartmouth, MA.
Thomas Burgess Jr. lived a long and productive life, and passed away at Rhode Island in 1717."
↑ Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Records of the colony of New Plymouth in New England, (New York: Press of William White, 1855) Court Orders, Vol. 3:221-222.
Richard E. Weber, Dev./A.A. Sprague IV, Webmaster, The Sprague Project, 16 Dec 2006 : Website dedicated to Sprague genealogy; very detailed and authentic. Developer@sprague-database.org http://www.sprague-database.org
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Thomas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Thomas: