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Johann Busch (abt. 1747)

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Johann Busch
Born about in Gueglingen, Württemberg, Germanymap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died [date unknown] in Enders, Volga Region, Russiamap [uncertain]
Profile last modified 15 Mar 2019 | Created 29 May 2016
This page has been accessed 245 times.


Biography

Volga German
Johann Busch is a Volga German.
Johann Busch has German Roots.


Family B-199 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766</i>.

Family Rus14-3 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766</i>.

Family #67 in the 1775 Grimm census.


Johann Busch was born in 1747 in the district of Gueglingen, Duchy of Württemberg to Johann Balthasar and Margaretha Busch, an Evangelical Lutheran family. Württemberg and the surrounding area had been ravaged by war and famine for many years, and many of the residents, including the Busch family, were poor farmers with little chance of bettering their lives. Johann's father was concerned providing for his family, as well as to find a way for his children to have better opportunities than he had.

Johann was one of five siblings:

  • Johannes, born in 1747
  • Anna Catharina, born in 1750
  • Maria Meygra, born in 1754
  • Maria Margaretha, born in 1759
  • Anna Margaretha, born in 1761

In 1759, Danish King Frederick V invited Germans from Hessen and the Palantinate to help settle the area of Schleswig-Holstein, at that time under the control of the Danes. The king was interested in converting the marsh lands to arable farm land. Germans were known for their good farming skills and for being hard workers, so it seemed like a win-win situation both both Danes and Germans. Johann's father decided the opportunity to immigrate to Denmark with his family was too attractive to pass up.

He and his family arrived in the Flensburg, the Royal Duchy of Schleswig on 17 July 1761. [1] They moved to Denmark in November of 1761, living in Colony J3 Friderichsmose in the district of Silkeborg. [1] They were last recorded living in Denmark in January of 1765. [1]

The marshlands were very inhospitable to all farmers. Although Germans were known for being hardworking and good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark.

Around that same time, Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia. This offered Johann's family an opportunity for a new, more prosperous life. In 1765, Johann and his father decided to immigrate with their families to Russia. It is unclear when the families left Denmark for Russia, but they are included on an immigration list of 57 German Danish colonists who traveled to Grimm, Russia.

By the time the family immigrated to Russia, Johann married wife Eva Maria, a widow with two daughters. Since they were now considered two families, they were listed separately in the 1775 Grimm Census:

  • Johann Busch -- Family #67
  • Balthasar Busch -- Family #73


1775 Grimm Census, Family #67 [2]

This census listing is for Johann and his family.

Family # 67
Head of the Household Johann Busch, age 28
Wife Eva Maria Busch, age 30, the Widow Kanzler
Child #1 Johann Daniel Busch, age 4 years 6 months
Child #2 Eva Kanzler, age 12 years, stepdaughter, daughter of Eva Maria and first husband Mr. Kanzler
Child #2 Elisabeth Kanzler, age 7 years, stepdaughter, daughter of Eva Maria and first husband Mr. Kanzler


1775 Grimm Census, Family #73 [3]

This census listing is for Johann's father and siblings. It also reveals that Johann's mother must have died and his father remarried to the widow of Mr. Schultheis. She brought three daughters into the family with her, Johann's stepsisters.

Family # 73
Head of the Household Baltasar Busch, age 55
Wife Margaretha Busch, age 57
Child #1 Anna Margaretha Busch, age 15
Child #2 Johann Heinrich Schultheis, age 23
Wife of Child #2 Anna Katharina Schultheis, age 23
Grandchild #1 Maria Elisabeth Schultheis, age 1 year 3 months
Grandchild #2 Eva Margaretha Schultheis, age 5 weeks


He moved with his family to Enders (Ust-Karaman), a village north of Saratov, in 1788. [4] His reasons for moving are unclear.

Research on this family continues.


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Eichhorn, Dr. Alexander, Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn, The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766; Bonn, Germany and Midland Michigan, USA; Drukerei und Verlag Steinmeier GmbH & Co. Kg, Deiningen, Germany, 2012.
  2. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995;
  3. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #73 in the 1775 Grimm census, Baltasar Busch family.
  4. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; Register for the Office of Immigrant Guardianship by fellow of the High Court, State Counsellor Popov in the colony of Lesnoi Karamysh [Grimm], about the foreigners who have departed this colony for different places and about married widows and maidens, October 26, 1798.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Johann by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Johann:

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Johann is 25 degrees from T S Eliot, 26 degrees from Walter Howe and 25 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots