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Johann Balthasar Busch (abt. 1720 - bef. 1798)

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Johann Balthasar (Balthasar) Busch
Born about in Gueglingen, Wuerttemberg, Germanymap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified 8 Feb 2019 | Created 1 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 387 times.


Biography

Volga German
Balthasar Busch is a Volga German.
Balthasar Busch has German Roots.

Germany-Denmark-Russia

Family B-199 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Family Rus14-2 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Family #73 in the 1775 census.

Johann Balthasar Busch was born in 1720 in the district of Gueglingen, Duchy of Wuerttemberg to an Evangelical Lutheran family. That area of what is now Germany had been ravaged by war and famine for many years, and many of the residents, including the Busch family, were poor farmers with little chance of bettering their lives. Balthasar was concerned providing for his family, as well as to find a way for his children to have better opportunities than he had.

Balthasar was married about 1744-1745 to a woman named Margaretha. Her last name at birth was not recorded in the sources I used, and I could not find it in German Marriage records online. The only possible source does not include her husband's first name nor her last name, and would have them as marrying at the age of 11.

There is another possibility. There is a marriage record for Johann Balthasar and a Anna Margareta Schluechterman in 1722. If our Balthasar's birth year is off by a few years, Johann Balthasar and Anna Margareta Schleuchterman could be his parents. If, for example, he was born in 1725, he could still have married in the late 1730s and had a son, Johannes, born in 1747. I've included the reference for this possibility below, just so we keep track of what has been searched thus far. In a related note, I can't find the name Schleuchterman in any German records. It is almost certainly misspelled, perhaps a variant of Schleuter.

Balthasar and Margareta had four children:

  • Johannes, age 18
  • Anna Catharina, age 14
  • Maria Meygra, age 10
  • Maria Margaretha, age 5

Württemberg, as with much of the southern tier of Germany, had been ravaged by war and famine. Balthasar found it difficult to provide for his family. In 1759, Danish King Frederick V invited Germans from Hessen and the Palantinate to help settle the area of Schleswig-Holstein, at that time under the control of the Danes. The king was interested in converting the marsh lands to arable farm land. Germans were known for their good farming skills and for being hard workers, so it seemed like a win-win situation both both Danes and Germans. Balthasar decided the opportunity to immigrate to Denmark with his family was too attractive to pass up.

He and his family arrived in the Flensburg, the Royal Duchy of Schleswig on 17 July 1761. [1] They moved to Denmark in November of 1761, living in Colony J3 Friderichsmose in the district of Silkeborg. [1] They were last recorded living in Denmark in January of 1765. [1]

The marshlands were very inhospitable to all farmers. Although Germans were known for being hardworking and good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark.

Around that same time, Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia. This offered Heinrich and his family a opportunity for a new, prosperous life. In 1765, Balthasar decided to immigrate with his family to Russia.[1] It is unclear when the family left Denmark for Russia, but they are included on an immigration list of 57 German Danish colonists who traveled to Grimm, Russia.

By the time the family immigrated to Russia, his eldest son Johann married wife Eva Maria, a widow with two daughters. Since they were now considered two families, they are listed separately in the 1775 Grimm Census:

  • Balthasar Busch -- Family #73
  • Johann Busch -- Family #67

By the time of the 1775 census, the only child still living with Balthasar and his wife was Anna Margaretha, then age 15. This daughter seems to be separate and different from the daughters listed in the immigration records from Denmark. It appears that his youngest daughter was born in Denmark. If any of his other daughters from his first wife were still live, they were married and living in other households.


1775 Grimm Census, Family #73 [2]

Family # 73
Head of the Household Baltasar Busch, age 55
Wife Margaretha Busch, age 57
Child #1 Anna Margaretha Busch, age 15
Child #2 Johann Heinrich Schultheis, age 23
Wife of Child #2 Anna Katharina Schultheis, age 23
Grandchild #1 Maria Elisabeth Schultheis, age 1 year 3 months
Grandchild #2 Eva Margaretha Schultheis, age 5 weeks


1775 Grimm Census, Family #67 [3]

This census listing is for Balthasar's eldest son, Johann, and his family.

Family # 67
Head of the Household Johann Busch, age 28
Wife Eva Maria Busch, age 30, the Widow Kanzler
Child #1 Johann Daniel Busch, age 4 years 6 months
Child #2 Eva Kanzler, age 12 years, stepdaughter, daughter of Eva Maria and first husband Mr. Kanzler
Child #2 Elisabeth Kanzler, age 7 years, stepdaughter, daughter of Eva Maria and first husband Mr. Kanzler


Balthasar Busch is not named in the 1798 census, and in all likelihood, he had probably passed away. [4] Had he survived, he would have been 78 years old.


Research Notes

I checked baptism records of Güglingen for the children, but could not find the name Busch at all.[5]

Possible Source for Balthasar's Parents

  • "Deutschland Heiraten, 1558-1929," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZMN-WMT : 26 December 2014), Johann Balthasar Busch and Anna Margareta Schluechterman, 01 Nov 1722; citing Evangelisch, Unna, Westfalen, Prussia; FHL microfilm 555,895.


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Eichhorn, Dr. Alexander, Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn, The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766; Bonn, Germany and Midland Michigan, USA; Drukerei und Verlag Steinmeier GmbH & Co. Kg, Deiningen, Germany, 2012.
  2. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #73 in the 1775 Grimm census, Baltasar Busch family.
  3. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995;
  4. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; 1798 Grimm census.
  5. Church book Güglingen, Landeskirchliches Archiv Stuttgart > Dekanat Brackenheim > Güglingen > Mischbuch 1747-1807 Band 2 [1]

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Balthasar by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Balthasar:

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Balthasar is 25 degrees from T S Eliot, 26 degrees from Walter Howe and 25 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots