no image

James Butler (1420 - 1461)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
James "5th Earl of Ormond, 1st Earl of Wiltshire" Butler
Born in Irelandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before [location unknown]
Husband of — married about (to ) in Woodsford, Dorsetshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Died in Newcastle, Tyne, Northeast Englandmap
Profile manager: Dawn Truitt private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 13 Aug 2010
This page has been accessed 1,059 times.

Categories: Knights of the Garter | First Battle of St Albans | Battle of Towton.



James Butler, K.G., 5th Earl of Ormond[1]

James Butler (or Ormand), son and heir of James le Boteler, 4th Earl of Ormond by Joan Beauchamp, daughter of William Beauchamp, K.G., 1st Lord Bergavenny, was born about 1422 (aged 30 when his father died in 1452).[1]

James married twice:

  1. before 4 July 1438, Avice Stafford (c1430-1457), daughter and heiress of Richard Stafford, Knt., by Maud, daughter and heiress of Robert Lovel, Esq. (no issue)[1]
  2. in 1457/58, Eleanor Beaufort, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, K.G., Duke of Somerset, by Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, K.G., K.B., 13th Earl of Warwick (no issue)[1] married April 1458[2]

Children: none[1]

James, a Lancastrian, died following the Battle of Towton, where he was taken prisoner. He was beheaded 1 May 1461 at Newcastle.[1]

Eleanor, his widow, married (2) Robert Spencer, Knt. about 1465.[1]

James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond

James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond[3][2]
b. c.1422[4] or 24 Nov 1420 Ireland[5]
d. aft Battle of Towton 01 May 1461[4] at Cockermouth[2][6]He died on 1 May 1461, beheaded at Newcastle by the Yorkists after the Lancastrian army was soundly defeated at the Battle of Towton.


p. James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond and Joan de Beauchamp (d. 3 or 5 Aug 1430)[4]
m. abt APR 1458 Eleanor Beaufort[2] Possibly Woodsford, Dorsetshire[7]


Wars of the Roses: Lancastrian
1453: Lieutenant of Ireland[2]
councillor to Lancastrian Prince of Wales[2]

He was created Earl of Wiltshire, in the Peerage of England, by Henry VI of England on 8 July 1449, for his fidelity to the Lancastrian interest. In 1451 he became Lord Deputy of Ireland; the next year he succeeded his father in earldom of Ormond and was additionally appointed Lord Lieutenant for ten years. In 1454, he was constituted Lord High Treasurer of England and made a Knight of the Garter 1459

Information needing clarification

Councillor to the Lancastrian Prince of Wales - noted as needing a source in Wikipedia[2] and not listed amongst his titles/posts by Richardson, although he is listed as "in the retinue of Richard, Duke of York" in 1441.[1][8]
Location conflict - Battle of Towton (29 March 1461) was in North Yorkshire.[9] Richardson says James was taken prisoner at the battle and executed 1 May 1461 at Newcastle.[1] The Wikipedia article on Eleanor Beaufort says "After Towton, he was a proscribed as a traitor and was captured in the same year at Cockermouth and executed there in 1461.[citation needed]"[2] A month later could be considered "in the same year" but the phrasing from the Wikipedia article implies that he was not taken prisoner at Towton, and Newcastle and Cockermouth are a fair distance apart (based on Wikipedia articles on Newcastle and Cockermouth).


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), page 381, BUTLER #9.i.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7
    Wikipedia: Eleanor Beaufort
  3. Truitt Family Tree again.ged on 13 August 2010. #S-2093685953 Ancestry Family Trees
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2
    Wikipedia: James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond
  5. #S00877 WFT Vol. 4 Tree # 2684 dtd 23 Apr 1995. PittsPenn_2010-09-21.ged on 22 Sep 2010.

  6. executed as a traitor
  7. #S00846. WFT Vol. 1 Tree #3226 dtd June 2, 1995. PittsPenn_2010-09-21.ged on 22 Sep 2010.
  8. Richard of York was Prince of Wales in 1441 (Wikipedia: Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York).
  9. Battle of Towton, UK Battlefield Trust
See also:
  • Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013), Vol II, pp 50-51; Vol IV, pp 654, 682
  • Wikipedia: James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.)
  • James Butler, Rootsweb entry from the database for Celtic Royal Genealogy, the Turner-Thomas site

More Genealogy Tools

Sponsored Search

Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

No known carriers of James's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


James is 21 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 20 degrees from Katy Jurado and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

B  >  Butler  >  James Butler