Eugene was born in 1928. He passed away in 2012.
On 10 Dec 2018 Nancy (Buxton) Burgess wrote:
Black-Dutch is a term with several different meanings in United States dialect and slang. It generally refers to racial, ethnic or cultural roots. Its meaning varies and such differences are contingent upon time and place. Several varied groups of multiracial people have sometimes been referred to as or identified as Black-Dutch, most often as a reference to their ancestors.
The term Black Dutch appears to have become widely adopted in the Southern Highlands and as far west as Texas in the early 1800s. Certain Southeastern families of mixed race ancestry, especially those of Native American descent. When used in the South, it usually did not imply African admixture, although some families who used the term were of tri-racial descent.
In colonial Virginia and Carolina records, the term Portuguese may have been used to refer to people of mixed race, as well as to Sephardic Jews. In addition, some mixed race persons of European and African descent identified as Portuguese or Native American, as a way to explain their variations in physical appearance from Europeans and to be more easily accepted by European-American neighbors. By the late 18th century, numerous free mixed race families were migrating west, along with English neighbors, to the frontiers of Virginia and North Carolina, where racial castes were less strict than in plantation country of the Tidewater
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On 5 Oct 2018 at 02:29 GMT Kitty (Cooper) Smith wrote: