Sydney Charles Buxton, 1st and last Earl Buxton was born on 25 October 1853 at 7 Grosvenor Crescent, London, England. He was the son of Charles Buxton and Emily Mary Holland.
He was educated between 1867 and 1871 at Clifton College, Clifton, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.
He was educated between 1871 and 1874 at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.) by University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Cape Province, South Africa, in 1920.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) by Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, in 1922.
He married Hon. Constance Mary Lubbock, daughter of John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury and Ellen Frances Hordern, on 5 February 1882 at Orpington, Kent, England.
He married Mildred Anne Smith, daughter of Hugh Colin Smith and Constance Maria Josepha Adeane, on 7 July 1896 at Roehampton, Surrey, England.
He wrote the book A Handbook to Politcal Questions, published 1880, printed in 12 editions.
He wrote the book Fishing and Shooting, published 1902.
He wrote the book Life of Gen. Botha, published 1924.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Peterborough between 1883 and 1885.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Tower Hamlets, Poplar Division between 1886 and 1914.
He held the office of Under-Secretary for the Colonies between 1892 and 1895.
He held the office of Postmaster-General between 1905 and 1910.
He held the office of President of the Board of Trade between 1910 and 1914.
He held the office of High Commissioner for South Africa between 1914 and 1920. :He held the office of Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Union of South Africa between 1914 and 1920.
He held the office of Chancellor of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in 1920.
He was appointed Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 11 December 1905.
He was appointed Knight Grand Cross, Order of St. Michael and St. George (G.C.M.G.) in 1914.
He was a director of the British Thomson-Houston Company.
He was a director of the Union Corporation.
He was a director of Barclays Bank.
He was created 1st Viscount Buxton, of Newtimber, co. Essex [U.K.] on 11 May 1914.
He was created 1st Earl Buxton [U.K.] on 8 November 1920.
He died on 15 October 1934 at age 80 at Newtimber Place, Hassocks, Sussex, England, without surviving male issue.
He was buried on 18 October 1934 at Newtimber Place, Hassocks, Sussex, England.
↑ "England, Kent, Parish Registers, 1538-1911," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJD2-9MCQ : 10 December 2017), Sydney Charles Buxton and Constance Mary Lubbock, 03 Feb 1882; citing Marriage, Down, Kent, England, Kent Archives Office, Maidstone; FHL microfilm 1,473,706.