Hywel Dda (Cadell) of Deheubarth

Hywel Iguel (Cadell) of Deheubarth (0887 - 0948)

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Hywel Iguel (Hywel Dda) "Howell the Good, Prince of Deheubarth" of Deheubarth formerly Cadell aka ap Cadell
Born in Dynevor Castle, Llandilo, Carmarthshire, Walesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Dynevor Castle, Llandilo, Carmarthshire, Walesmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Mar 2011
This page has been accessed 7,486 times.

Categories: Cymru 742-1535 | Kings of the Britons | Legendary Ancestry of Rhodri Mawr | House of Dinefwr 742-1499.


Contents

Biography

Preceded by
Idwal Foel ap Anarawd
King of the Britons
942 — 950
Succeeded by
Domnall mac Eógain (Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde)
Preceded by
Idwal Foel ap Anarawd
King of Gwynedd
920 — 950
Succeeded by
Iago ap Idwal and Ieuaf ap Idwal

Name

  • Hywel Dda ap Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr. [1]

Pedigree

Harleian Genealogies presents the following pedigree beginning with his son Owen: (O)uen map (H)iguel map Catell map Rotri map Mermin map Etthil merch Cinnan map Rotri map Iutguaul map Catgualart map Catgollaun map Catman map Iacob map Beli map Run map Mailcun map Catgolaun Iauhir map Eniaun girt map Cuneda map Ætern map Patern Pesrut map Tacit map Cein map Guorcein map Doli map Guordoli map Dumn map Gurdumn map Amguoloyt map Anguerit map Oumun map Dubun map Brithguein map Eugein map Aballac map Amalach, qui fuit beli magni filius et Anna mater eius quam dicunt esse consobrina mariæ uirginis matris d’ni n’ri ih’u xp’i.[2]

880 Birth Year Estimation

Wolcott estimates a birth year of 880. [3]

Parents

Hywell was the youngest son of Cadell, himself the son of Rhodri the Great.

Timeline

909King Cadell son of Rhodri dies.
915King Anarawd dies.[4]
919King Clydog (his brother and co-ruler of Seisyllwg or Ceredigion)[5] was killed. Slain by another brother, Meurig[6]
928Hywel journeyed to Rome.[4]

Reign

Hywel Dda (English: Hywel the Good) or Hywel ap Cadell (c.880 – 950) was a King of Deheubarth who eventually came to rule most of Wales. He became the sole king of Seisyllwg in 920 and shortly thereafter established Deheubarth, and proceeded to gain control over the entire country from Prestatyn to Pembroke. As a descendant of Rhodri Mawr through his father Cadell, Hywel was a member of the Dinefwr branch of the dynasty. He was recorded as King of the Britons in the Annales Cambriae and the Annals of Ulster.[7]

Hywel was a well thought of King of Deheubarth in south-west Wales who came to rule Wales from Preststyn to Pembroke. A descendent Of Rhodri Mawrthrough thru his father Cadell, Hywel was a member of the Dinefwr branch of the dynasty.

He is remembered as one of the most responsible Welsh rulers of all time. His name is particularly linked with the development of the Welsh laws, generally known as the 'Laws of Hywell Dda'.

A well educated man by our standard's having a good knowledge of Welsh, Latin, and English.

Alliance with Athelstan

Hywell achieved an understanding with Athelstan of England where they both ruled a part of Wales jointly. Hywel minted his own coinage in the English City of Chester. He was the first Welsh ruler to produce coinage for at least a thousand years.

928 Pilgrimage to Rome

His study of legal systems and his pilgrimage to Rome in 928 combined to enable him to formulate advance ideas about law.

Law Book

The Hywel "Law" book was written partially in Latin, about laws at court, law of country, and law of justices.

948 Death

948.
And Howel the Good, son of king Cadell, chief and glory of all the Britons, died. And Cadwgan, son of Owain, was killed by the Saxons. And then the action of Carno took place between the sons of Owain, son of Howel, and the sons of Idwal.[8]

950 - Hywel king of the Britons died.[4]. Boyer, following Bartrum, also gives a death year of 950. [1]

Issue

Cawley reports that Hywel & his wife had four children. [9]

Boyer lists nine children, identifying which are listed by Bartrum and which by Bridgeman. The list below follows the order in Boyer. Dates currently listed in Wikitree but without source are identified. [10]

Listed by Bartrum

  1. Owain ap Hywel born Dynevor 913[10] Owain married Angharad ferch Llywelyn ap Merfyn ap Rhodri MawrListed as a child by Bartrum [1] Owain ap Hywel (-[987/88]). [The Gwentian Chronicle records that "his son Owain took the rule of Ceredigion" after the death of "Hywel the Good, son of Cadell king of all Wales" in 948.] King of Gwynedd, jointly with his brothers. One of four children of Hywel and his wife reported by Cawley. [9]
  2. Rhain. Listed as a child by Bartrum [1]
  3. Einion ap Hywel born 926[10] Einion (Gwlhafed), had son Meurig. Listed as a child by Bartrum [1]
  4. Angharad ferch Hywel born Dynevor, 900 [10] Angharad, married Tudur Trefor. Listed as a child by Bartrum [1]
  5. Dyfnwal ap Hywel no date or place of birth [10] Dyfnwal, died 953, had son Owain, died 990. Listed as a child by Bartrum [1] Dyvnwal. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Dyvenwal and Rhodri sons of Howel" died in 951. One of four children of Hywel and his wife reported by Cawley. [9]
  6. Rhodri ap Hywel no date or place of birth[10] Rhodri, died 953, had son idwal, died 962. Listed as a child by Bartrum [1] Rhodri. King of Gwynedd, jointly with his brothers. The Annales Cambriæ record the death in 954 of "Rotri filius Higuel". The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Dyvenwal and Rhodri sons of Howel" died in 951. One of four children of Hywel and his wife reported by Cawley. [9]

Listed by Bridgeman but not by Bartrum

  1. Edwyn (or Gwyn) DNB 10:106, died c. 952 or 954 (NLWJ, 13:134; his mother may have been an English mistress. Listed as a child by Bridgeman but not by Bartrum. [1] It is notable that he gave one of his sons an Anglo-Saxon name - Edwin Edwin. King of Gwynedd, jointly with his brothers. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Edwin son of Howel the Good" died in 952. One of four children of Hywel and his wife reported by Cawley. [9]
  2. Cynan. Listed as a child by Bridgeman but not by Bartrum. [1]
  3. Maredith (Maredudd). Listed as a child by Bridgeman but not by Bartrum. [1]

An additional child (Merion Blaidd (Gest) Rhudd born 968) [10] was not listed by any source and was de-linked.

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Carl Boyer 3rd. Medieval Welsh Ancestors of Certain Americans. Generally follows Bartrum. By the author: Santa Clarita, California, 2004. Hywel Dda is #7 on page 284.
  2. Harleian genealogies 1: Gwynedd part 1, amb
  3. Darrell Wolcott, The Clan of Tudor Trevor. http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id55.html Accessed August 26, 2015. Welsh genealogies are long on pedigrees and short on dates. As a result, the dates sometimes attached to individuals conflict with dates attached to their parents or children. Darrell Wolcott, President, Center for the Study of Ancient Wales, has constructed estimated birth years for those coming before and following Tudor Trevor which seek to resolve the conflicts. Born in Jefferson, Texas in 1935 Darrell Wolcott grew up in Ohio. After a career in banking he took early retirement in 1996, and returning to his place of birth he created and endowed the Center for the Study of Ancient Wales (a non-profit foundation with a library of some 3200 volumes) located in Jefferson, Texas. The foundation has constructed a small castle to house its library and offices and acquired copies of thousands of source and secondary works related to the history of Wales, many of which are otherwise unavailable outside Britain. At present he is its sole researcher.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Annales Cambriae, The Annals of Wales, Harleian 3859, retrieved 11 June 2014, amb
  5. Charles-Edwards, Wales and the Britons, 350-1064, p. 504, retrieved 11 June 2014, amb
  6. Hywel Dda (Hywel Dda ap Cadell) (d. 949/50), king in Wales by David E. Thornton© Oxford University Press 2004–14 All rights reserved, retrieved 11 June 2014, amb
  7. Wikipedia: Hywel_Dda
  8. Brut y Tywysogion
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands Database. Hywel Accessed 8/21/2018 jhd
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Wikitree Data Field, Not Otherwise Sourced

See also:

MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2018.


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DNA
No known carriers of Hywel Dda's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Howel Hywel DDa Image 1
Howel Hywel DDa Image 1

Yale Genealogy and History of Wales, p. 10
Yale Genealogy and History of Wales, p. 10

Collaboration

On 4 Aug 2017 at 13:55 GMT Michelle (Bairfield) Brooks wrote:

Ap Cadell-22 and Cadell-8 appear to represent the same person because: Duplicates



Hywel Dda is 34 degrees from Rosa Parks, 31 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 24 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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