Joseph was born on 1st October 1834 the son of Henry CaineJane Goodson. He was christened on 21 Dec 1834 at Bull Lane Independent, Stepney, London 
In 1851 Joseph Caine was 16 years old, working as an Errand Boy, living in Edward Street, Mile End Old Town, Middlesex, England and living with his parents Henry (51) and Jane (54) 
↑ "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JQBS-P5J : 11 February 2018, Joseph Cain, 01 Oct 1834); citing , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 0596969 (RG4 4414).
↑ "England and Wales Census, 1851," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SG5V-7DL : 10 November 2017), Joseph Cain in household of Henry Cain, Mile End Old Town, Middlesex, England; citing Mile End Old Town, Middlesex, England, p. 4, from "1851 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.