By 1841 Margaret and Robert were living separately. She was living in Rupert Street in Mount Pleasant, Liverpool with her son William (age 10) and her father, 64 year old James Cubbon. It is not clear where James Tyler (age 9) was at this time., while he was in in Kingston upon Hull in Yorkshire in what looks like a tenement (Marwen Court) inhabited by laborers, mariners and servants.
There is no definite record of Margaret's death, and it is not known whether Robert had any further contact with his first wife. Nothing is known of the ten years between his appearance on the 1841 and 1851 census returns.
On 30 March 1851, Robert was living at 63 Beamlings (or Bromley's) building in Worcester, in the home of Ann Sutton (67)(Landlady). Sutton-7220 Harriet Caldwell (27), his wife was the daughter of Ann Sutton. They had a one month old baby,Mary Ann Caldwell. Harriet was a gloveress, as were her sister (Beatrice Sutton, unmarried, age 34) and niece (Mary Ann Sutton, age 13) who are resident in the same property. Her brother, William Sutton (age 23, Labourer) were also present.
Harriet died some time after the 1851 census, and he remarried, this time to Jane Fischer, from Uttoxeter. The couple had a child in Warwick (Mary Jane Caldwell)) in 1854 and another in Banbury )Alma Caldwell) in 1856. Eventually the couple made their way to Uttoxeter, where they settled and had another six children.
Robert died in January 1873. He was buried in Uttoxeter, on 2 February 1873. Jane passed away between 1873 (Birth of Jane Caldwell) and 1881, the date of the next census, where she does not appear, and 8 year old Jane Caldwell is living with her older sister, in the Hamlet of Newborough near Uttoxeter.
He was born in about 1811. This is based on the age given in the various census records. Although all the census records indicate his place of birth as Liverpool there is some tentative evidence that he may have had Irish roots.
Robert Caldwell married Margaret Cubin in 1829. The marriage register indicates that Robert was a cork-cutter, and that she was from the Isle of Man. His age, and his profession as cork-cutter confirm we have the correct person. Witnesses are Edward Lovell and Ann Quayle.
Most of the information on Robert is gleaned from the UK Census information. Robert was a Corkcutter by trade and this made him relatively easy to distinguish from other Robert Caldwell's of the time. It was thus possible to follow the family through the decades from 1841 to 1873. The presence of known family members with consistent increments in their ages confirmed that the correct data was used.
His birthdate is consistent on all the relevant census documents - 1811. Only 1851 gives 1807. On this basis I ruled out the baptism of Robert Caldwell by John Caldwell and Ann Astbridge at St. Nicholas, Liverpool on 17 Jun 1807. A credible birth document has not been found.Sharon Caldwell
At the time of the marriage of Robert's son William, William and his wife to be were resident in Crosshall Street. One of the witnesses to the marriage was Andrew Caldwell. It is not evident how he is related, but a search revealed an Andrew Caldwell in Crosshall street who is also a Cork Cutter. It is tempting to think he is somehow connected with Robert Caldwell. Dates and ages make it very possible that Mary Callwell aged 71 and born in Ireland, listed at the home of Andrew and Agnes Callwell in the 1851 census, is Robert's mother. This must be further researched.
There is also a George Caldwell, a Furrier's Man (and thus possibly working for Andrew, a Cork cutter and Furrier) in 2 Hughes Place Crosshall Str. born in Ireland. Is it simply co-incidence that the son of Robert Caldwell is living in an area where there is an Irish person sharing a name and trade with his father?
In the 1871 census, the family's name is spelled "Cauldwell".
Marriages solemnized in the Parochial Chapel of ST. NICHOLAS, in LIVERPOOL, in the County of Lancaster in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Nine.
No 1042. robert Caldwell of this Parish Cork Cutter and Margaret Cubin of this Parish Spinster were married in this Capel by Banns with consent of [Blank] this Twentieth Day of April in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Nine. By me [Illegible]/ ~This Marriage was solemnized between us Robert Caldwell and Margaret Cubin. (both signed)
In the Presence of Ann Quayle (her mark) Edward Lovatt (signed).
↑ Ancestry.com; England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1837-1915, 1873, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, Vo 6b, p. 232. Sharon Caldwell' January 2018.
↑ Ancestry.com. England, Select Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991. FHL Film Number 1526194; Reference ID p.52. cn411. Sharon Caldwell22 January 2018.
↑ 4.04.1 Liverpool, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1813 - 1921. Liverpool Record Office; Liverpool England; Liverpool Registers; reference Number: 183 NIC/3/14. Sharon Caldwell22 January 2018.
↑ Ancestry.com. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. baptism Date 12 September 1830, Bishops Transcripts, Reference Number: Drl/2/290; Ancestry.com. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975; St. Peter Liverpool, FHL Film No 0093877-0093879. Sharon Caldwell 22 January 2018.
↑ Ancestry.com; Liverpool, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1906, Liverpool Record Office; Liverpool, England; Liverpool Registers; Reference Number: 283 SAV/2/2, St. Saviour's Church, Entry 806. Sharon Caldwell 22 January 2018.
↑ William Tyrer was a sponsor for Mary Elizabeth, and is clearly the person for whom James Tyler Caldwell is named. It is unknown what the connection between the Tylers and Caldwell might have been.
↑ 'Lancashire, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1911. Liverpool, St Peter, Bishop's Transcripts, Reference Number Drl/2/294. Sharon Caldwell 22 January 2018.
↑ 'Liverpool, England, Church of England Burials, 1813-1974. Liverpool, Burial 8 Jun 1834, Sharon Caldwell 22 January 2018.
↑ 15.015.115.2 Certified copy of entry of birth, Alma Caldwell's birth Application num 1910204-1 BXCE 303694 - copy obtained from the Register of Births by Michael Caldwell in 2010. Sharon Caldwell 23 January 2018. Mother is Jane Caldwell formerly Fischer, and the father is Robert Caldwell, Occupation Cork Cutter.
↑ 21.021.1 Certified copy of entry of birth, Mary Ann Caldwell's birth Application num 1983770-1. Ccopy obtained from the Register of Births by Michael Caldwell in 2010. Sharon Caldwell 23 January 2018. Mother is Harriet Caldwell formerly Sutton, and the father is Robert Caldwell, Occupation Cork Cutter.
↑ Certified copy of entry of birth, Certified copy of entry of birth, Mary Ann Caldwell's birth. Application num 1983770-1 -- copy obtained from the Register of Births by Michael Caldwell in 2010. Sharon Caldwell 23 January 2018. Mother is Jane Caldwell, formerly Fisher, and the father is Robert Caldwell, Occupation Cork Cutter.
↑ Liverpool, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1813-1921, Liverpool Record Office; Reference Number: 283 NIC/3/40, Ancestry.com
↑ "England and Wales Census, 1851," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SGPP-LMH : 20 October 2017), Andrew Callwell, Liverpool, Lancashire, England; citing Liverpool, Lancashire, England, p. 82, from "1851 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey. Thank you to Matthew Fletcher for finding this document.
↑ 1853 Gore's Directory of Liverpool & its Environs; Title: 1853 Gore's Directory of Liverpool & its Environs; Publisher: pr.by MawdsleyAncestry "Caldwell Andrew, cork cutter and fur manufacturer 33 Crosshall st"
↑ UK, City and County Directories, 1600s-1900s; Title: 1855 Slater´s Directory Ancestry
Appreciation is extended to the late Gordon Everson who sourced documents for me at St Catherine's House in the dark ages before online searches. Thanks also to Michael Caldwell and Ellen Sayers Lanza who provided much of the content of the descendants of Robert Caldwell.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Robert by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Robert: