John Calhoun Sr
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John Caldwell Calhoun Sr (1782 - 1850)

Vice Pres. John Caldwell Calhoun Sr
Born in Abbeville District, SCmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 8 Jan 1811 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Washington DC, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 9 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 8,679 times.
U.S. Vice President
John Calhoun Sr is a US Vice President
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Preceded by
6th Vice President
Daniel D. Tompkins




Preceded by
15th Secretary

Abel P. Upshur




Preceded by
9th Secretary

William H. Crawford





Preceded by
Robert Y. Hayne




Preceded by
Daniel Elliott Huger
John C. Calhoun
7th Vice President
of the United States
Vice-Presidential Seal
1825—1832

16th United States
Secretary of State
US Dept of State
1844—1845

10th United States
Secretary of War
US Secretary of War
1817—1825

US Senator (Class 2)
from South Carolina

1832—1843
Seal of of the US Senate
US Senator (Class 2)
from South Carolina
[1]
1845—1850

Succeeded by
8th Vice President
Martin Van Buren




Succeeded by
17th Secretary

James Buchanan




Succeeded by
11th Secretary

James Barbour





Succeeded by
Daniel Elliott Huger




Succeeded by
Franklin H. Elmore

Contents

Biography

John Caldwell Calhoun was the 7th Vice President of the United States serving from 04 March 1825 till 28 December 1832 under 6th and 7th presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson.

John Caldwell Calhoun was among other things a nationalist, a "war hawk", a supporter of slavery and of states rights.

Birth

John Caldwell Calhoun, son of Patrick Calhoun and Martha (Caldwell) Calhoun, was born 18 March 1782,[2] in Abbeville, South Carolina, United States.[3]

Education

His family were pioneers of South Carolina, who quickly rose to prominence, and John was given the advantage of an excellent education. He attended Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut, and graduated in September 1804. He studied law at the Litchfield Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, and continued his law education in Charleston and Abbeville, South Carolina. He was admitted to the bar in 1807.[2]

Marriage

Well established in life, John married his cousin, Floride Bonneau Calhoun on 08 January 1811. She was born 15 February 1792 and died 25 July 1866.[2]

Timeline of Political Highlights

[2][3]
13 October 1807 - Elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives.
15 December 1808 - Appointed aide to Gov. Drayton, given the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.
1810, 1812, 1814, and 1816 - Elected to Congress as a Democratic Republican.
08 October 1817 - He left Congress to become the Secretary of War under President James Monroe.
04 March 1825 - 28 December 1832 - Elected as Vice President of the United States in 1824 with John Quincy Adams and in 1832 as the running mate of Andrew Jackson.
12 December 1832 - Senator Robert Hayne from South Carolina was elected Governor and John was elected to replace him.
04 January 1833 - Began his term as Senator. He was re-elected 1834 and 1840, and served until 04 March 1843.
1844 - Candidate for U. S. President. He withdrew 20 January 1844.
06 March 1844 - 06 March 1845 - Was appointed Secretary of State by President Tyler; served one year.
26 November 1845 - Again elected to Senate, where he served until his death.

There are many articles and books written about Vice-President John Caldwell Calhoun, that can be consulted to flesh out his political life and positions.

Death

He died in Washington, D.C. on 31 March 1850.[2] He was buried at Saint Philips Episcopal Church Cemetery, Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina, USA. There is also a memorial at Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia, USA. It is said that his body was moved several times, from Washington to Charleston; then from one side of the cemetery to the other to protect it from vandals during the civil war and the returned after the war.[4]

Children

  1. Andrew Pickens Calhoun married (1) Miss Chappell; (2) Margaret Green.
  2. Anna Maria Calhoun (Feb. 13, 1817-Sep 22, 1875) m. Thomas G. Clemson
  3. Patrick Calhoun (Feb 9, 1821-June 1, 1858); not married.
  4. John Caldwell Calhoun (May 17, 1823-July 31, 1855), a physician; married (1) Anzie Adams; (2) Kate Kirby Putnam.
  5. Martha Cornelia Calhoun (Apr. 22, 1824-May 2, 1857.)
  6. James Calhoun went to California and died there unmarried.
  7. William Lowndes Calhoun (Aug 13, 1829-Sept 19, 1858) married (1) Margaret Cloud and (2) his brother's widow Mrs. Kate Putnam Calhoun.
There are rumors that John Caldwell Calhoun was the father of Abraham Lincoln by the barmaid Nancy Hanks, who later married Thomas Lincoln. There are also rumors that Lincoln's father was an Abraham Enloe.[5][6][7]

Legacy

  • Eleven U. S. states have named counties in honor of John Caldwell Calhoun: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. The previous ten are all named Calhoun County. In addition, Caldwell County, Iowa is also named in his honor.

Sources

  1. Died in office, vacant March 31, 1850 – April 11, 1850 when successor elected.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Salley, A.S.The Calhoun Family of South Carolina (Salley,1906)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  4. http://www.charlestonfootprints.com/charleston-blog/calhouns-moving-grave/2014/01/07/
  5. Rootsweb
  6. [http://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/?p=6110 "Did Abraham Lincoln have Marfan Syndrome?
  7. http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/04/27/969663/-The-Paternity-of-Abraham-Lincoln "The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln."

See also:




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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Comments: 2

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Calhoun-1008 and Calhoun-124 appear to represent the same person because: Same parents, birth & death dates - both shown as 7th Vice President of the US
posted by Fred Prisley

John is 18 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 15 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.