George Calvert
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George Calvert (1579 - 1632)

Lord George "1st Baron Baltimore" Calvert
Born in Kipling, Yorkshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 22 Nov 1604 in St Peters Church, Cornhill, London, Englandmap
Husband of — married after 1622 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile manager: Jerry Kezar private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 19 May 2010
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Contents

Biography

George was a Roman Catholic

1578 Birth and Parents

George Calvert was son and heir of Leonard Calvert, by Alice, daughter of John Crossland. He was born at Kipling (in Bolton), Yorkshire, in 1578 or 1579. [1]

Little is known of George's origins, except that he came from Yorkshire the son of Leonard Calvert, born about 1579. It appears that George's father was a Roman Catholic, although his father was compelled by law to have George tutored by a Protestant. George matriculated (entered) Trinity College, Oxford, at the age of 14 in 1593/4, and received his bachelor's degree in 1597, having studied foreign languages. At some point, he would have had to swear allegiance to the Crown, which would have included a denial that the Pope had authority over the Church of England. After Oxford, he studied law at Lincoln's Inn in London for three years. [2]

He became the secretary and protege of Sir Robert Cecil, after whom he named his eldest son. [2]

He matriculated aged 14 at Trinity College, Oxford, in 1594, and received a BA degree in1597.[1]

1604 Marriage to Anne Mynne

On 22 November 1604 at Hertingfordbury, Hertfordshire, George Calvert married Anne Mynne, the daughter of George Mynn, Esq, of Hertingfordbury, Hertfordshire and his wife Elizabeth Wroth. [1]

George, gentleman of St. Martins-in-the-Field, married, by license, Anne Mynne, of Hertfordshire, daughter of John Mynne,[2] a Protestant, on November 22, 1604 at St. Peter's, Cornhill, London.[3]

She died 8 August 1622, and was buried at Hertingforfdbury, Hertfordshire.[1]

His wife Anne died in 1622 and is buried at St. Martins-in-the-Fields, a Protestant church. [2]

1616 Danby Lenske

In 1616 King James I granted the manor of Danby Wiske to George Calvert, who subsequently became Lord Baltimore. [4]

Offices and Lands

George Calvert, Knt, was of Danbywiske, Yorkshire. [1] During his career he was

  • Under Secretary of State
  • Clerk of the Privy Council
  • Burgess (MP for Bossiney, 1605
  • Knight of the Shire for Yorkshire, 1609-11
  • Secretary of State, 1620-02
  • Privy Councillor, 1619-1625.

Timeline

  • Fact: Christening (1579) Danby Wiske, Yorkshire, England
  • Fact: Immigrated (1606) Private sec to Sir Robert Cecil
  • Fact: unknown (29 SEP 1617) Knighted by King James I
  • Fact: Knighted (29 September 1617)
  • Fact: Land (BEF 1617) 2300 acres in Langfrod, Ireland-Manor of Baltimore
  • Fact: Religion (1624) Convert to Catholic
  • Fact: Occupation (1625) Retired from public life
  • Fact: Burial (15 April 1632) London St John the Baptist, London, England
  • Fact: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore (29 October 2013 (the last update)) This document shows that "Brother Calvert" is a significant historical figure. You've got to see this!
  • Fact: baptism Great Morrshams, Parish of Skelton, Yorkshire, England
  • Fact: Land 2300 acres in Langfrod,Ireland-Manor of Baltimore
  • Fact: Ref # JP 5
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility 1st Lord Baltimore
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility Baron
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/LifeSketch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Calvert,_1st_Baron_Baltimore
  • Fact: Children Calvert had a total of thirteen children: Cecil, who succeeded his father as the 2nd Baron Baltimore, Leonard, Anne, Mary, Dorothy, Elizabeth, Grace, Francis, George, Helen, Henry, John, and Philip
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility Lord Baltimore

1624 Catholicism, Lord Baltimore and Maryland

He resigned his preferments in February 1624/5, having become a Roman Catholic. [1]

However, as he had received large grants of land in Ireland, he was created Lord Baltimore, of Baltimore, County Longford, Ireland, 16 Feb 1624/5.[1]

Calvert held many high offices and was very involved in the foreign affairs of the Crown, but the political atmosphere and religious intolerance became intolerable, and in 1625 Calvert resigned his position as one of two Secretaries of State. When he resigned, the King, James I, confirmed Calvert's position on the Privy Council, and George was appointed Baron Baltimore in county Longford, Ireland. He converted to Catholicism, probably in late 1624. [2]

The Calvert's were known for their religious tolerance, allowing Catholic refugees as well as others, to settle in Maryland. [2]

1627 Marriage to Joan

In or before 1627 he married Joan. They had one son[1]

Avalon

George was very involved in the colonization of the New World. He invested in the Virginia Company, then in the East India Company. He purchased land in at Ferryland on the Alvan Peninsula, Newfoundland and established a colony there called Avalon. You can read about the settlement at Ferryland, Newfoundland and about the Avalon Peninsula at Wikipedia.

Maryland

After the settlement at Avalon failed in 1629 due to an unusually harsh winter, Calvert tried to get a charter to establish a new colony in a warmer climate. He was denied a colony in Virginia, but he was final granted a charter for lands in Maryland. Unfortunately, it was too late, as Calvert had died five weeks earlier. His son Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore, inherited his father's title and lands. Cecil's younger brother, Leonard, was the first Proprietary Governor of the Maryland. Although George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, never actually set foot in Maryland, he is considered its founder.[2]

He received a grant of Maryland from King Charles I, but never visited Maryland.[1]

1632 Death

Sir George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore, died 15 April 1632, and was buried at St. Dunstan's in the West, London.[1]

George Calvert died on April 15, 1632, at the age of 54.[5] He is buried at St Dunstan-in-the-West Church, Fleet Street, City of London Greater London, England.

Issue

George and Alice had six sons and five daughters:[1]

  1. Cecil
  2. Leonard
  3. George
  4. Francis
  5. Henry
  6. John
  7. Anne, wife of William Peasley
  8. Dorothy
  9. Elizabeth
  10. Grace, wife of Robert Talbot, knight
  11. Ellen or Helen, wife of James Talbot, Esq.

George and Joan had one son,

  1. Philip

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Richardson, Douglas: Royal Ancestry, 2nd edn. (2013), 5 vols, Volume 2. George Calvert's first wife Anne Mynne is #21 on page 63.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Clayton Colman Hall. The lords Baltimore and the Maryland palatinate. Baltimore: J. Murphy Co., 1902. Open Library
  3. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [Ancestry.com. database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: Church of England Parish Registers, 1538-1812. London, England: London Metropolitan Archives. Images produced by permission of the City of London Corporation Libraries, Archives. London Metropolitan Archives, St Peter Cornhill, Composite register: baptisms 1538 - 1774, marriages 1538/9 - 1754, burials 1538/9 - 1774, P69/PET1/A/001/MS08820.
  4. Wikipedia: Danby_Wiske
  5. Musgrave's Obituary. Harleian Society, 1899. Open Library Vol. 44, Page 94

See also:



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Comments: 1

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I just got a DNA comparison to his son Philip. Came back a match...I come from the John & Mary (Calvert)Chenoweth line. I'll attach a pic.

https://mytrueancestry.com/c/main.py

posted by Merriam Langdon

George is 16 degrees from Laurie Giffin, 28 degrees from Toni Morrison and 7 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Danby Wiske, Yorkshire