George Calvert

George Calvert (1579 - 1632)

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Lord George "1st Baron Baltimore" Calvert
Born in Kipling, Yorkshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in St Peters Church, Cornhill, London, Englandmap
Husband of — married after [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 19 May 2010
This page has been accessed 4,860 times.

Contents

Biography

Please see the extremely well documented biography at the Dictionary of National Biography, except that the Dictionary erroneously has George's marriage to Anne Wynne, not Anne Mynne.

Little is known of George's origins, except that he came from Yorkshire the son of Leonard Calvert, born about 1579. It appears that George's father was a Roman Catholic, although his father was compelled by law to have George tutored by a Protestant. George matriculated (entered) Trinity College, Oxford, at the age of 14 in 1593/4, and received his bachelor's degree in 1597, having studied foreign languages. At some point, he would have had to swear allegiance to the Crown, which would have included a denial that the Pope had authority over the Church of England. After Oxford, he studied law at Lincoln's Inn in London for three years.

George, gentleman of St. Martins-in-the-Field, married, by license, Anne Mynne, of Hertfordshire, daughter of John Mynne,[1] a Protestant, on November 22, 1604 at St. Peter's, Cornhill, London.[2] He became the secretary and protege of Sir Robert Cecil, after whom he named his eldest son. His wife Anne died in 1622 and is buried at St. Martins-in-the-Fields, a Protestant church. George married his second wife, Joan ---, aft 1622.

Calvert held many high offices and was very involved in the foreign affairs of the Crown, but the political atmosphere and religious intolerance became intolerable, and in 1625 Calvert resigned his position as one of two Secretaries of State. When he resigned, the King, James I, confirmed Calvert's position on the Privy Council, and George was appointed Baron Baltimore in county Longford, Ireland. He converted to Catholicism, probably in late 1624.

George was very involved in the colonization of the New World. He invested in the Virginia Company, then in the East India Company. He purchased land in at Ferryland on the Alvan Peninsula, Newfoundland and established a colony there called Avalon. You can read about the settlement at Ferryland, Newfoundland and about the Avalon Peninsula at Wikipedia.

After the settlement at Avalon failed in 1629 due to an unusually harsh winter, Calvert tried to get a charter to establish a new colony in a warmer climate. He was denied a colony in Virginia, but he was final granted a charter for lands in Maryland. Unfortunately, it was too late, as Calvert had died five weeks earlier. His son Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore, inherited his father's title and lands. Cecil's younger brother, Leonard, was the first Proprietary Governor of the Maryland. Although George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, never actually set foot in Maryland, he is considered its founder.

The Calvert's were known for their religious tolerance, allowing Catholic refugees as well as others, to settle in Maryland.

George Calvert died on April 15, 1632, at the age of 54.[3] He is buried at St Dunstan-in-the-West Church, Fleet Street, City of London Greater London, England.

Please see the biography in the Archives of Maryland Biographical Series for George Calvert.

For more information, see the extensive biography of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore at Wikipedia.

Birth

ABT 1579 Yorkshire, England
ABT 1579 Kipling, York, England

1st Lord of Baltimore

  • Fact: Christening (1579) Danby Wiske, Yorkshire, England
  • Fact: Immigrated (1606) Private sec to Sir Robert Cecil
  • Fact: unknown (29 SEP 1617) Knighted by King James I
  • Fact: Knighted (29 September 1617)
  • Fact: Land (BEF 1617) 2300 acres in Langfrod, Ireland-Manor of Baltimore
  • Fact: Religion (1624) Convert to Catholic
  • Fact: Occupation (1625) Retired from public life
  • Fact: Burial (15 April 1632) London St John the Baptist, London, England, United Kingdom
  • Fact: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore (29 October 2013 (the last update)) This document shows that "Brother Calvert" is a significant historical figure. You've got to see this!
  • Fact: baptism Great Morrshams, Parish of Skelton, Yorkshire, England
  • Fact: Land 2300 acres in Langfrod,Ireland-Manor of Baltimore
  • Fact: Ref # JP 5
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility 1st Lord Baltimore
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility Baron
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/LifeSketch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Calvert,_1st_Baron_Baltimore
  • Fact: Children Calvert had a total of thirteen children: Cecil, who succeeded his father as the 2nd Baron Baltimore, Leonard, Anne, Mary, Dorothy, Elizabeth, Grace, Francis, George, Helen, Henry, John, and Philip
  • Fact: http://familysearch.org/v1/TitleOfNobility Lord Baltimore

Sources

  1. Clayton Colman Hall. The lords Baltimore and the Maryland palatinate. Baltimore: J. Murphy Co., 1902. Open Library
  2. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [Ancestry.com. database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: Church of England Parish Registers, 1538-1812. London, England: London Metropolitan Archives. Images produced by permission of the City of London Corporation Libraries, Archives. London Metropolitan Archives, St Peter Cornhill, Composite register: baptisms 1538 - 1774, marriages 1538/9 - 1754, burials 1538/9 - 1774, P69/PET1/A/001/MS08820.
  3. Musgrave's Obituary. Harleian Society, 1899. Open Library Vol. 44, Page 94

http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002100/002167/html/2167bio.html

George Calvert

Wikipedia.

HoP. Mentions a 3rd wife, Mary Wynne, citing an obscure source.

DNB: Dictionary of national biography. New York: Macmillan, 1886. Open Library Vol. 8, Page 269

Chalmers, Alexander. The General Biographical Dictionary (London, 1813) Vol. 8, Page 87

"Family Tree," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org : modified 19 January 2018, 14:27), entry for George Calvert 1st Lord of Baltimore(PID https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/4:1:MKZ5-KRK); contributed by various users.

Acknowledgements



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Images: 4
George Calvert 1st Baron Baltimore
George Calvert 1st Baron Baltimore

Calvert Coat of Arms
Calvert Coat of Arms

Sir George Calvert
Sir George Calvert

Portrait of George Calvert
Portrait of George Calvert

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