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Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 129
Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III page 21
LOUIS VII (CAPET-13) OF FRANCE, King of France, 1137-80, son and heir, born in 1120-21. He married (1st) in the Cathedral of Saint-Andre in Bordeaux July 1137 ELEANOR (or ALIENOR, ELEONORE) OF AQUITAINE. She was born about 1124. They had two daughters, Marie and Alix. They were divorced 21 March 1152; she married (2nd) 18 May 1152 HENRY II, King of England, and died at Poitiers (Vienne) 31 March 1204. He married (2nd) in the Cathedral of Saint-Croix in Orleans (Loiret) in 1154 CONSTANCE (or CONSTANZA) OF CASTILE, She was born about 1140. They had two daughters, Margaret (or Marguerite) and Alix). His wife, Constance, died in childbirth 4 October 1160. He married (3rd) in Notre Dame Cathedral at Paris 13 Nov. 1160 ADELE ) (or ALA, AALIS) OF BLOIS, She was born about 1140. They had one son, Philippe-Auguste (II) [King of France] and one daughter, Agnes. LOUIS VII, King of France, died at Paris 18 (or 19) Sept. 1180, and was buried in the Abbey of Notre-Dame-deBarbeau (Fontaine-le-Port, Seine-et-Marne) near Fontainebleau. His widow, Adele, died at Paris 4 June 1206.
Royal and Noble Genealogical Data by Brian Tompsett v. March 25, 2001. B.C.Tompsett@dcs.hull.ac.uk
Eleanor of Aquitane and the Four Kings; Amy Kelly, Vintage Books, 1957
Surrenders half of Vexin so Louis will call him Duke of Normandy. Vexin was vital to Norman security, so it was considered a clever move by Louis. Later, it would later to be another step for Angevin power.
Raymond of Poitiers welcoming Louis VII in Antioch. In June 1147 Louis VII and his queen, Eleanor, set out from Metz, Lorraine, on the overland route to Syria.
Just beyond Laodicea the French army was ambushed by Turks. As they were bombarded by arrows and heavy stones, the Turks swarmed down from the mountains and the massacre began. Odo of Deuil reported that Louis lost his small but famous royal guard in the fight but scaled the mountain side by gripping the tree roots to avoid capture. The enemy went after him, and even shot arrows. But Louis was unscathed, defending the crag with by sword, cutting off heads and hands.
Eleanor supported her uncle, Raymond of Antioch, and prevailed upon Louis to help Antioch against Aleppo. But Louis VII's interest lay in Jerusalem, and so he slipped out of Antioch in secret. He sided with Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem to lay siege to Damascus. A disaster, the project was abandoned. Louis VII decided to leave, despite the protests of Eleanor, who still wanted to help her doomed uncle Raymond of Antioch. Louis VII and the French army returned home in 1149.
The expedition was a great cost to the royal treasury and military. It also precipitated a conflict with Eleanor (Louis arrested her), leading to the annulment of their marriage at the council of Beaugency (March 1152). Consanguinuity was the basis; in fact, it owed more to the state of hostility between the two, and the decreasing odds that their marriage would produce a male heir to the throne of France.
At the same time the emperor Frederick I (1152–1190) in the east was making good the imperial claims on Arles. When the schism broke out, Louis VII took the part of the Pope Alexander III, the enemy of Frederick I, and after two comical failures of Frederick I to meet Louis VII at Saint Jean de Losne (on 29 August and 22 September 1162), Louis VII definitely gave himself up to the cause of Alexander III, who lived at Sens from 1163 to 1165. Alexander III gave the King, in return for his loyal support, the golden rose.
Henry scored the duchy of Aquitaine, and had 3 daughters, and five sons with the wealthy Duchess of Aquitaine. Louis VII's ineffective war against Henry for marrying without the authorization of his suzerain was a humiliation for the enemies of Henry and Eleanor. The English couple routed those troops, ravaged their lands, and stole their property. Louis reacted by coming down with a fever, and returned to the Ile de France.
Louis supported Henry's rebellious sons, and encouraged Plantagenet disunity choosing them (over Henry I) to be the feudal overlords of French Angevin territory. But sibling rivalry and Louis's indecisiveness broke the coalition (1173–1174).
near the end of Louis' life, his third wife bore son and heir, Philip II Augustus. He was the last French king to be crowned in Capetian tradition. But Louis was not present for the ceremony since he was stricken with paralysis.
1000+ people sought refuge in the church, then died in flames. Guilty and humiliated by ecclesiastical contempt, Louis admitted defeat. He removed his armies from Champagne and returned them to Theobald, accepting Pierre de la Chatre, and shunning Ralph and Petronilla. To atone for his sins, he declared on Christmas Day 1145 at Bourges his intention to go on crusade.
Louis was smitten with Eleanor to the point factions popped up at court. Her enemies seized the opportunity to knock her out when her and uncle Raymond got too cozy during Louis' crusade. For that, Louis locked her down.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Louis VII by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: