Louis VII (Capet) de France

Louis (Capet) de France (abt. 1120 - 1180)

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Louis (Louis VII) "le Jeune, Roi de France" de France formerly Capet aka Capet
Born about in Marne, Champagne, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 22 Jul 1137 (to 11 Mar 1152) in ANNULLED, Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, Aquitaine, Francemap
Husband of — married 1154 in Castile, Spainmap
Husband of — married 18 Oct 1160 in Cathédrale Notre-Dame, Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Saint Pont-Allier, Francemap
Profile last modified 21 Jun 2019 | Created 19 May 2010
This page has been accessed 16,347 times.
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Louis VII (Capet) de France is a member of the House of Capet.
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Louis VII, Roi de France

1120: Louis is born.
1131: Phillip dies. Louis is Dauphin.[1]
1137: Louis marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Becomes king of France.
1144: Conquers Champagne after 2 year war.
Geoffrey "the Handsome", Count of Anjou, conquers Normandy. [2]
Easter 1146: Bernard of Clairvaux fires up the masses to go to war. It results in a Crusade.
Jun 1147: Unsuccessful Second Crusade; one of two chief military leaders[3][4]
1148: Reaches Holy Land.[5]
1149:Returns home.
1152: m. to Eleanor annulled.[6][7]
1154: Renounces rights to Aquitaine.

m. Constance of Castile[8]

1157 - 1180: continues sporadic warfare against Henry II.
04 Oct 1160: Constance dies in childbirth.

Louis m. Adela of Champagne

1177:Pope brings Louis and Henry I of England to terms at Vitry.[9]
1179: Phillip Augustus crowned at Reims[10]
18 Sep 1180: Dies. Succeeded by son Philip II[11]

Early Life

p. Louis VI of France and Adelaide of Maurienne[12]

Other Facts

  • war with Theobald II of Champagne[13]
  • lands were placed under papal interdict Pope Innocent II (reigned 1130-43)[14]
  • assaulted and burned Vitry.[15]
  • arrested Eleanor of Aquitaine[16]
  • supported Thomas Becket[17]



  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 129
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III page 21

LOUIS VII (CAPET-13) OF FRANCE, King of France, 1137-80, son and heir, born in 1120-21. He married (1st) in the Cathedral of Saint-Andre in Bordeaux July 1137 ELEANOR (or ALIENOR, ELEONORE) OF AQUITAINE. She was born about 1124. They had two daughters, Marie and Alix. They were divorced 21 March 1152; she married (2nd) 18 May 1152 HENRY II, King of England, and died at Poitiers (Vienne) 31 March 1204. He married (2nd) in the Cathedral of Saint-Croix in Orleans (Loiret) in 1154 CONSTANCE (or CONSTANZA) OF CASTILE, She was born about 1140. They had two daughters, Margaret (or Marguerite) and Alix). His wife, Constance, died in childbirth 4 October 1160. He married (3rd) in Notre Dame Cathedral at Paris 13 Nov. 1160 ADELE ) (or ALA, AALIS) OF BLOIS, She was born about 1140. They had one son, Philippe-Auguste (II) [King of France] and one daughter, Agnes. LOUIS VII, King of France, died at Paris 18 (or 19) Sept. 1180, and was buried in the Abbey of Notre-Dame-deBarbeau (Fontaine-le-Port, Seine-et-Marne) near Fontainebleau. His widow, Adele, died at Paris 4 June 1206.

  • Royal and Noble Genealogical Data by Brian Tompsett v. March 25, 2001. B.C.Tompsett@dcs.hull.ac.uk
  • Eleanor of Aquitane and the Four Kings; Amy Kelly, Vintage Books, 1957
  • Fredrick Weis (1992). Ancestral Roots, 7th ed.
  1. Louis VII was suited for priesthood. In youth, he spent time in Saint-Denis, where he made friends with Abbot Suger, who served him in his early years as king.
  2. Surrenders half of Vexin so Louis will call him Duke of Normandy. Vexin was vital to Norman security, so it was considered a clever move by Louis. Later, it would later to be another step for Angevin power.
  3. the other was Conrad III of Germany.
  4. Raymond of Poitiers welcoming Louis VII in Antioch. In June 1147 Louis VII and his queen, Eleanor, set out from Metz, Lorraine, on the overland route to Syria.
    Just beyond Laodicea the French army was ambushed by Turks. As they were bombarded by arrows and heavy stones, the Turks swarmed down from the mountains and the massacre began. Odo of Deuil reported that Louis lost his small but famous royal guard in the fight but scaled the mountain side by gripping the tree roots to avoid capture. The enemy went after him, and even shot arrows. But Louis was unscathed, defending the crag with by sword, cutting off heads and hands.
  5. Eleanor supported her uncle, Raymond of Antioch, and prevailed upon Louis to help Antioch against Aleppo. But Louis VII's interest lay in Jerusalem, and so he slipped out of Antioch in secret. He sided with Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem to lay siege to Damascus. A disaster, the project was abandoned. Louis VII decided to leave, despite the protests of Eleanor, who still wanted to help her doomed uncle Raymond of Antioch. Louis VII and the French army returned home in 1149.
    The expedition was a great cost to the royal treasury and military. It also precipitated a conflict with Eleanor (Louis arrested her), leading to the annulment of their marriage at the council of Beaugency (March 1152). Consanguinuity was the basis; in fact, it owed more to the state of hostility between the two, and the decreasing odds that their marriage would produce a male heir to the throne of France.
    At the same time the emperor Frederick I (1152–1190) in the east was making good the imperial claims on Arles. When the schism broke out, Louis VII took the part of the Pope Alexander III, the enemy of Frederick I, and after two comical failures of Frederick I to meet Louis VII at Saint Jean de Losne (on 29 August and 22 September 1162), Louis VII definitely gave himself up to the cause of Alexander III, who lived at Sens from 1163 to 1165. Alexander III gave the King, in return for his loyal support, the golden rose.
  6. Eleanor runs offwith Henry of Anjou. Louis goes to war for possession of Aquitaine. Didn't work.
  7. Henry scored the duchy of Aquitaine, and had 3 daughters, and five sons with the wealthy Duchess of Aquitaine. Louis VII's ineffective war against Henry for marrying without the authorization of his suzerain was a humiliation for the enemies of Henry and Eleanor. The English couple routed those troops, ravaged their lands, and stole their property. Louis reacted by coming down with a fever, and returned to the Ile de France.
  8. dau Alfonso VII of Castile.
  9. Louis supported Henry's rebellious sons, and encouraged Plantagenet disunity choosing them (over Henry I) to be the feudal overlords of French Angevin territory. But sibling rivalry and Louis's indecisiveness broke the coalition (1173–1174).
  10. near the end of Louis' life, his third wife bore son and heir, Philip II Augustus. He was the last French king to be crowned in Capetian tradition. But Louis was not present for the ceremony since he was stricken with paralysis.
  11. Abbey at Saint-Pont, Allier and is interred in Saint Denis Basilica.
  12. 2nd son.
  13. for letting Raoul I of Vermandois, Seneschal of France, to ditch his wife, Theobald II's niece, and marry Petronilla of Aquitaine (sis of the French queen).
    Champagne sided with the Pope in a dispute over Bourges. The war lasted two years (1142–44) and ended with the occupation of Champagne by the royal army.
  14. for supporting a rival to the papal candidate for the archbishopric of Bourges.
  15. 1000+ people sought refuge in the church, then died in flames. Guilty and humiliated by ecclesiastical contempt, Louis admitted defeat. He removed his armies from Champagne and returned them to Theobald, accepting Pierre de la Chatre, and shunning Ralph and Petronilla. To atone for his sins, he declared on Christmas Day 1145 at Bourges his intention to go on crusade.
  16. Louis was smitten with Eleanor to the point factions popped up at court. Her enemies seized the opportunity to knock her out when her and uncle Raymond got too cozy during Louis' crusade. For that, Louis locked her down.
  17. Louis supported Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, and tried to reconcile his relationship with Henry II. But this move was also made to damage Henry.
    Even Louis grew irritated with Becket's stubbornness. When Becket refused Henry's conciliations, Louis asked: "Do you wish to be more than a Saint?"

Page edited according to Jan 2014 Style Standards. Gedcoms in Changes.

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Comments: 4

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It was under his ruling and authorization to build the Notre Dame Cathedral. Could

Notre Dame

please be put into the biography to link it together?

posted by Lisa (Kelsey) Murphy
Can his title show King? It's unclear if he was or wasn't.

Update: two people have replied to this question and if there are no objections could a profile manager or someone who is authorized to change PPP do so. The term Roi does not clearly indicate he was ever a king. I'm adding messages so everyone can contribute to decision: 1) "Roi de France: King. I do not if this was added recently or not, it would be the appropriate title." Gene Adkins

2) "Regarding your message about Louis VII. The full name on his profile includes -Roi de France- Don't you think it might be redundant to add King as suffix? He was Capet before he became king." Micheline Gadbois MacDonald

King of France from 1137 to 1180.
posted by Krissi (Hubbard) Love

Louis VII is 26 degrees from Donald Howard, 22 degrees from Julia Howe and 12 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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