Charles (Capet) de Valois

Charles (Capet) de Valois (1270 - 1325)

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Charles "Comte de Valois et d'Alençon; comte de Chartres et du Perche; roi titulaire d'Aragon et empereur titulaire de Constan" de Valois formerly Capet aka de France
Born in Vincennes, Isle De France, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Husband of — married before in Saint-Cloud, Île-de-France, Francemap
Husband of — married in Poitiers Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Nogent-Le-Roi, Eure-St-Loir, Beauce Centre, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 19 May 2010
This page has been accessed 6,215 times.

Categories: House of Capet | House of Valois.

European Aristocracy
Charles (Capet) de Valois was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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Contents

Disputed Mistress

There is an old family legend that Charles had a mistress, Helen de Broussard, by whom he had an illegitimate son. As there is no evidence of this liaison. the link to Helen had been removed.

Biography 1

Charles de Valois
(1270 - 1325)

Fils de Philippe le Hardi et d'Isabelle d'Aragon, Charles de Valois est le père de Philippe VI, le futur roi de France de la dynastie des Valois. Moyennement intelligent, démesurément ambitieux et passablement avide, Charles de Valois collectionne les principautés. En 1280, le pape le reconnaît roi d'Aragon (sous la vassalité du Saint Siège), mais il sera chassé par la population locale pendant les Vêpres Siciliennes. Sa principale qualité est d'être un bon chef de guerre. Il commande en Flandre avec efficacité en 1297. Mais Charles rêve de la couronne impériale qu'il n'obtiendra jamais. Pendant le règne des derniers Capétiens directs, il joue un rôle politique de premier plan.

L'Histoire de France: Les Capétiens (http://www.histoire-france.net/biographie/capetiens.html : accessed 16 Mar 2013)

Profession : Comte de Valois & de Chartres (1284-1325), d'A lençon & du Perche (1293-1325), d'Anjou & du Maine (1290-13 25), Empereur titulaire de Constantinople (1300-1307), Ro i d'Aragon (1284).


Prince of France, Count of Valois; 14 children
Charles (1270-1325)
comte de Valois et d'Alençon 1285
comte d'Anjou 1290: France a bordure and a label gules
duc d'Anjou 1297: France a bordure gules
House of Valois (†1589)
euweb.dir\capet5.html
D4. Cte Charles de Valois et d'Alencon 1285, de Chartres et du Perche, Ct d Anjou (1290-1325), *Vincennes/Carenne 12. 3.1270, +Nogent-le-Roy 16.12.1325, bur Paris;
1m: Corbeil 16.8.1290 Cts Marguerite d'Anjou et de Maine (*1273 +31.12.1299) dau.of King Charles II o f Naples;
2m: St.Cloud 1302 Catherine I de Courtenay , titular Empress of Constantinople and Mgvne of Namur (*127 4 +1308) dau.of Philippe de Courtenay;
3m: Poitiers 1308 Mahaut de Chatillon, Cts de St.Pol (*129 3 +3.10.1358, bur Paris) dau. of Guy III de Chatillon, Cte d e St.Pol; for his descendants, See HERE
Heraldique Euro.dir\Alencon.htm
Empereur titulaire de Constantinople
Roi titulaire d'Aragon
Comte de Valois de 1286 à 1325
Comte d'Alençon
Comte de Chartres
Comte d'Anjou de 1290 à 1325
Comte du Maine de 1290 à 1313 (Charles III)

Moyennement intelligent, démesurément ambitieux et passablement avide, Charles de Valois collectionne les principautés. Il eut en apanage les comtés de Valois, d'Alençon et du Perche (1285). Il devint en 1290 comte d'Anjou et du Maine, par son mariage avec Marguerite, fille aînée de Charles II d'Anjou, roi nominal de Sicile; par un deuxième mariage, contracté avec l'héritière de Baudouin II de Courtenay, dernier empereur latin de Constantinople, il avait aussi des prétentions sur ce trône. Mais il est fils, frère, beau-frère et gendre de rois ou de reines (de France, de Navarre, d'Angleterre et de Naples), en attendant d'être de surcroît, après sa mort, père de roi (Philippe VI).

Il rêve donc de mieux et courut toute sa vie après une couronne qu'il n'obtint jamais. En 1280, le pape le reconnaît roi d'Aragon (sous la vassalité du Saint-Siège), comme fils de sa mère, en concurrence avec le roi Pierre III d'Aragon qui après la conquête de l'île de Sicile est un ennemi de la papauté. Charles épouse alors Marguerite de Sicile, fille napolitaine du roi pour renforcer sa position en Sicile, supportée par le pape. Grâce à cette Croisade d'Aragon entreprise par son père Philippe III contre l'avis de son frère, le futur Philippe le Bel, il a cru gagner un royaume et n'a gagné que le ridicule d'avoir été couronné avec un chapeau de cardinal en 1285, ce qui lui vaut lesobriquet de roi du chapeau. Il n'osera jamais user du sceau royal qu'il s'est fait faire à cette occasion et devra renoncer au titre.

Sa principale qualité est d'être un bon chef de guerre. Il commande en Flandre avec efficacité en 1297. Le roi en déduira un peu vite que son frère peut conduire une expédition en Italie, contre Frédéric II de Sicile. L'affaire seterminera par la paix de Caltabellotta (1302).

Charles songe en même temps à la couronne impériale et épouse en 1301 Catherine de Courtenay, impératrice titulaire, petite-fille héritière du dernier empereur latin de Constantinople, Baudouin II de Courtenay. Mais il lui faut laconnivence du pape, qu'il obtient par son expédition en Italie, où il court secourir Charles II d'Anjou contre Frédéric II de Sicile, son cousin. Nommé vicaire pontifical, il se perd dans l'imbroglio de la politique italienne, secompromet dans un massacre à Florence et dans de sordides exigences financières, gagne la Sicile où il consolide sa réputation de pillard et rentre en France déconsidéré en 1301-1302. Catherine de Courtenay meurt en 1307.

Charles se remet à convoiter une nouvelle couronne quand meurt l'empereur Albert de Habsbourg en 1308. Son frère l'y encourage, qui ne souhaite pas prendre lui-même le risque d'un échec et pense probablement qu'un homme de paille sur le trône impérial serait une bonne chose pour la France. La candidature avorte avec l'élection de Henri VII, empereur des Romains. Charles continuera de rêver à la couronne orientale des Courtenay.

Il n'en bénéficie pas moins de l'affection que Philippe le Bel, qui a souffert du remariage de son père, porte à son seul frère germain et il se trouve de ce fait placé à des responsabilités qui dépassent largement son talent. Ainsi c'est lui qui dirige en 1311 l'ambassade royale aux conférences de Tournai avec les Flamands ; il s'y brouille avec Enguerrand de Marigny, qui l'éclipse ouvertement. Le frère du roi ne pardonnera pas l'affront et sera le plus acharné contre Marigny après la mort du roi.

Il s'est farouchement opposé au supplice de Jacques de Molay, grand maître des Templiers, en 1314.

La mort prématurée de Louis X en 1316 laisse à Charles de France l'espoir d'un rôle politique, mais il ne peut empêcher son neveu Philippe de France de prendre la régence en attendant de devenir le roi Philippe V. À la mort de celui-ci en 1322, nul ne songe au comte de Valois.

En 1324, il commande avec succès l'armée de son neveu Charles IV pour enlever la Guyenne et la Flandre au roi d'Angleterre Édouard II d'Angleterre. Il contribue, par la prise de plusieurs villes, à accélérer la paix, qui fut conclue entre le roi de France et la s?ur de ce prince, Isabelle, reine d'Angleterre.

Il meurt le 16 décembre 1325 à Nogent-le-Roi, laissant un fils qui montera sur le trône de France sous le nom de Philippe VI et commencera la branche des Valois : une revanche posthume pour l'homme dont on a dit : Fils de roi, frère de roi, oncle de trois rois, père de roi, mais jamais roi lui-même.

Il a été marié trois fois :

1.le 16 août 1290 à Corbeil avec Marguerite d'Anjou (1273 - 1299), comtesse d'Anjou et du Maine, fille du roi de Naples Charles II et de Marie de Hongrie, dont il a :

  1. Isabelle (1292 - 1309), mariée en 1297 à Jean III (1286 - 1341), duc de Bretagne
  2. Philippe (1293 - 1350), comte de Valois, qui deviendra roi de France (Philippe VI) et fondera ainsi la dynastie des Valois
  3. Jeanne (1294 - 1352), mariée en 1305 à Guillaume Ier d'Avesnes (1286 - 1337), comte de Hainaut
  4. Marguerite (1295 - 1342), mariée en 1310 à Guy de Châtillon (- 1342), comte de Blois
  5. Charles II (1297 - 1346), comte d'Alençon
  6. Catherine (1299 - 1300)

2.en 1302 à Saint-Cloud avec Catherine de Courtenay (1274 - 1307), impératrice titulaire de Constantinople, qui lui donne :

  1. Jean (1302 - 1308) comte de Chartres
  2. Catherine (1303 - 1346), impératrice titulaire de Constantinople, mariée à Philippe Ier de Tarente (1278 - 1332)
  3. Jeanne de Valois, (1304 - 1363), mariée en 1318 à Robert III d'Artois (1287 - 1342)
  4. Isabelle (1306 - 1349), abbesse de Fontrevault

3.en 1308 à Poitiers avec Mahaut de Saint-Pol (1293 ? 1358), fille de Guy IV de Châtillon, comte de Saint-Pol, dont il a :

  1. Louis (1309-1328), comte de Chartres et d'Alençon
  2. Marie (1311-1331), mariée en 1324 à Charles de Calabre (1298 ? 1328)
  3. Isabelle (1313-1383), mariée en 1336 avec Pierre Ier de Bourbon (1311 ? 1356)
  4. Blanche (1317-1348), mariée en 1328 à Charles IV (1316 ? 1378), empereur germanique

Wikipédia: Charles de Valois (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Valois : accessed Jun 22, 2011)

Biography 4

Charles I de France, Comte de Valois1
M, #113673, b. 12 March 1270, d. 16 December 1325

Charles I de France, Comte de Valois was born on 12 March 1270 at Fontainebleau, Île-de-France, France. He was the son of Philippe III, Roi de France and Isabel de Aragón. He married, firstly, Marguerite d'Anjou, daughter of Charles II d'Anjou, King of Naples and Maria von Ungarn, in 1290.2 He married, secondly, Katherina de Courtenay, Markgravine de Namur, daughter of Philippe de Courtenay, Emperor of Constantinople and Beatrix d'Anjou, on 8 February 1301 at Saint-Cloud, Île-de-France, France.1 He married, thirdly, Matilda de Châtillon, daughter of Guido III de Châtillon, Comte de St. Pol and Marie de Bretagne de Dreux, in 1308.sup>2</sup> He died on 16 December 1325 at age 55. He was buried at Paris, France.

He gained the title of Comte Charles III d'Anjou in 1290.2 He gained the title of Comte de Valois.3

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Marguerite d'Anjou

  1. Charles II de Valois, Comte d'Alençon+2 d. 1346
  2. Philippe VI, Roi de France+4 b. 1293, d. 22 Aug 1350
  3. Jeanne de Valois+5 b. c 1294, d. 1342
  4. Marguerite de Valois b. 1295, d. 1342

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois

  1. Catherine de Valois+6 b. 1303, d. 1346
  2. Marie de Valois+7 b. c 1310, d. 1328

Child of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Katherina de Courtenay, Markgravine de Namur

  1. Jeanne de Valois+ b. 1304, d. 1363

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Matilda de Châtillon

  1. Isabel de Valois+3 b. 1313, d. 26 Jul 1383
  2. Blanche de Valois+2 b. 1317, d. 1348

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III page 32
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV p. 636
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. V page 231

Citations

  1. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1122. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  2. [S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 65. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.
  3. [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 68.
  4. [S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 78. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.
  5. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 92. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
  6. [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 124.
  7. [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 125.

The Peerage: Person Page - 11368 (http://www.thepeerage.com/p11368.htm : accessed 16 Mar 2013)


Biography 5

Charles, Count of Valois

Charles of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon.[1] His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1290, received the title of Count of Anjou from his marriage to Margaret of Anjou.[2]

Life

Moderately intelligent, disproportionately ambitious and quite greedy, Charles of Valois collected principalities. He had as appanage the counties of Valois, Alençon and Perche (1285). He became in 1290 count of Anjou and of Maine by his marriage with Margaret, eldest daughter of Charles II, titular king of Sicily; by a second marriage, contracted with the heiress of Baldwin II de Courtenay, last Latin emperor of Constantinople, he also had pretensions on this throne. But he was son, brother, brother-in-law and son-in-law of kings or of queens (of France, of Navarre, of England, and of Naples), becoming, moreover, after his death, father of a king (Philip VI).

He thus dreamed of more and sought all his life for a crown he never obtained. In 1285 the pope recognized him as King of Aragon (under the vassalage of the Holy See), as son of his mother, in opposition to King Peter III, who after the conquest of the island of Sicily was an enemy of the papacy. Charles then married Marguerite of Sicily, daughter of the Neapolitan king, in order to re-enforce his position in Sicily, supported by the Pope. Thanks to this Aragonese Crusade undertaken by his father Philip III against the advice of his brother, the future Philip the Fair, he believed he would win a kingdom and won nothing but the ridicule of having been crowned with a cardinal's hat in 1285, which gave him the sobriquet of the "King of the Cap." He would never dare to use the royal seal which was made on this occasion and would have to renounce the title.

His principal quality was to be a good military leader. He commanded effectively in Flanders in 1297. The king quickly deduced that his brother could conduct an expedition in Italy against Frederick II of Sicily. The affair was ended by the peace of Caltabellotta (1302).

Charles dreamed at the same time of the imperial crown and married in 1301 Catherine de Courtenay, titular empress, granddaughter and heiress of the last Latin emperor of Constantinople, Baldwin II de Courtenay. But it needed the connivance of the Pope, which he obtained by his expedition to Italy, where he supported Charles II of Anjou against Frederick II of Sicily, his cousin. Named papal vicar, he lost himself in the imbroglio of Italian politics, was compromised in a massacre at Florence and in sordid financial exigencies, reached Sicily where he consolidated his reputation as a looter and finally returned to France discredited in 1301-1302.

Charles was back in shape to seek a new crown when the German king Albert of Habsburg was murdered in 1308. Charles's brother, who did not wish to take the risk himself of a check and probably thought that a French puppet on the imperial throne would be a good thing for France, encouraged him. The candidacy was defeated with the election of Henry VII as German king. Charles continued to dream of the eastern crown of the Courtenays.

He did benefit from the affection which Philip the Fair, who had suffered from the remarriage of their father, brought to his only full brother, and he found himself given responsibilities which largely exceeded his talent. Thus it was he who directed in 1311 the royal embassy to the conferences of Tournai with the Flemish; he quarreled there with his brother's chamberlain Enguerrand de Marigny, who openly flouted him. Charles did not pardon the affront and would continue the vendetta against Marigny after the king's death.

He was doggedly opposed to the torture of Jacques de Molay, grand master of the Templars, in 1314.

The premature death of Louis X in 1316 gave Charles hopes for a political role, but he could not prevent his nephew Philip, from taking the regency while awaiting the birth of Louis X's posthumous son. When that son (John I of France) died after a few days, Philip took the throne as Philip V.

In 1324, he commanded with success the army of his nephew Charles IV (who succeeded Philip V in 1322) to take Guyenne and Flanders from King Edward II of England. He contributed, by the capture of several cities, to accelerate the peace, which was concluded between the king of France and his sister, Isabella, queen-consort of England.

The Count of Valois died 16 December 1325 at Nogent-le-Roi, leaving a son who would take the throne of France under the name of Philip VI and commence the branch of the Valois: a posthumous revenge for the man of whom it was said, "Son of a king, brother of a king, uncle of three kings, father of a king, but never king himself."

Marriages and children

Charles de Valois was married three times.

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Margaret, Countess of Anjou, (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples.[2] They had the following children:

  • Isabelle (1292–1309). Married John III, Duke of Brittany.
  • Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.
  • Joan of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut, and had issue.
  • Margaret of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.
  • Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – 26 August 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.
  • Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1307), titular Empress of Constantinople.[3] They had four children:

  • John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).
  • Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto, and had issue.
  • Joan of Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.
  • Isabella of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Châtillon (1293–1358),[4] daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children: Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria, and had issue.

  • Isabella of Valois (1313 – 26 August 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.
  • Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".
  • Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

Charles de Valois was also known to have one illegitimate child by an unknown mother.[5] This child was placed in a nunnery, and yet was also treated as a legitimate heir to estates, being granted title to lands in Avignon upon her majority:

  • Theresa of Avignon, Countess of Avignon (1335–1387)[5]

Notes

  1. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.21, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 381.
  2. ^ a b Debating the Hundred Years War, Vol.29, Ed. Craig Taylor, (University of Cambridge, 2006), 55.
  3. ^ Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, (Oxford University Press, 1992), 53.
  4. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.5, (1911), 937.
  5. ^ a b The Hollow Womb: Child Loss in the Middle Ages, Miria Hallum, (1987), 324.

References

  • Debating the Hundred Years War, Vol.29, Ed. Craig Taylor, University of Cambridge, 2006.
  • Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • The Encyclopædia Britannica, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, 1911.

External links

  • Brown University History Page on Charles of Valois
  • Britannica entry on Charles of Valois
  • GJGFrench Wikipedia page on Charles de Valois (fr)
  • Historia Nostra page on Charles de Valois (fr)
  • Cawley, Charles, MedLANDS Charles of Valois and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012



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No known carriers of Charles's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Charles de Valois
Charles de Valois

Charles, comte de Valois
Charles, comte de Valois

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On 1 Sep 2018 at 12:00 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

Removed the portrait of Charles VII. The new image is a picture of Charles de Valois's effigy in the Saint-Denis basilica.

On 28 Aug 2018 at 02:33 GMT David Morehead wrote:

mon arrière grand père X 23

On 16 Jan 2017 at 10:46 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

AFAIK the portrait is NOT a portrait of Charles de Valois, but of his his great-great-grandson, Charles VII. See Charles VII. See also Charles de Valois for an image of Charles de Valois... Thank you!

On 25 Mar 2016 at 16:54 GMT Summer (Binkley) Orman wrote:

23rd ggf !!

On 5 Sep 2015 at 05:02 GMT Elizia (Jacobs) Joubert wrote:

22nd great grandfather! Very interesting!

On 26 Jul 2015 at 05:35 GMT Rae (Redford) Santema wrote:

23rd great grandfather!



Charles is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 26 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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