Willis Carrier
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Willis Haviland Carrier (1876 - 1950)

Willis Haviland Carrier
Born in Angola, Erie, New York, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married 10 Aug 1902 (to 12 Jan 1912) in Angola, Erie Co., New Yorkmap
Husband of — married 16 Apr 1913 (to 1939) in Washington, District Of Columbiamap
Husband of — married about 1939 (to about 1950) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in New York City, New York, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Jan 2014
This page has been accessed 5,302 times.

Contents

Biography

Notables Project
Willis Carrier is Notable.
This profile is part of the Carrier Name Study.

Willis Carrier is the inventor of modern air conditioning.[1]

Family

Willis Haviland Carrier was born November 26th, 1876 in Angola, Erie, New York to Duane and Elizabeth (Haviland) Carrier.[2][3][4][5]

In 1880, Willis was living in Evans, Erie, New York, with his parents, "Duwane" and Elizabeth Carrier, grandmother and aunt.[3]

Willis married Claire "Clara" Seymour on August 10, 1902, after the two of them met at Cornell University. She died January 12, 1912.[1][5]

Willis married Jennie T. Martin on the 16th of April, 1913 in Washington, District of Columbia. [6][4] Jennie died in 1939.[1]

In 1915, Willis H. Carrier lived at 1359 Amherst, Buffalo, Erie, New York, with his wife Jennie M., son Earl G., and mother Eugenia A. Willis was a mechanical engineer.[7]

Willis registered for the World War 1 Draft on 12 Sept 1918. He was living on Rensselaer Rd, Essex Fells, Essex, New Jersey. Willis was 41 years old, born on 26 Nov 1876, and worked as a mechanical engineer for the Carrier Engineering Corp. His nearest relative was his wife, Jennie M. Carrier.[2]

When he applied for a United States Passport on 7 April 1921, Willis said that he was born on 26 Nov 1876 at Angola, Erie, New York, to Duane W. Carrier, who was born in Chango County, NY. His wife was Jennie Martin Carrier.[4]

Willis's third wife, Elizabeth Marsh Wise, died in 1964.[1]

One Cool Guy

In Buffalo, New York, on July 17, 1902, in response to a quality problem experienced at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn, Willis submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world's first modern air conditioning system. The 1902 installation marked the birth of air conditioning because of the addition of humidity control, which led to the recognition by authorities in the field that air conditioning must perform four basic functions: 1.) control temperature; 2.) control humidity; 3.) control air circulation and ventilation; 4.) cleanse the air.

After several more years of refinement and field testing, on January 2, 1906, Carrier was granted U.S. patent No. 808897 on his invention, which he called an "Apparatus for Treating Air," the world's first spray-type air conditioning equipment. It was designed to humidify or dehumidify air, heating water for the first and cooling it for the second.

Legacy

Willis Carrier died on 7 Oct 1950 in New York, New York, and is buried at the Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Erie, New York.[8] Willis was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1985.[8] He was named one of TIME magazine’s “100 Most Influential People of the 20th Century”.[8]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Willis Carrier
  2. 2.0 2.1 "United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-25987-12860-1?cc=1968530 : accessed 7 October 2015), New Jersey > Essex County no 4; A-V > image 889 of 6167; citing NARA microfilm publication M1509 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  3. 3.0 3.1 "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZZR-9JP : 14 July 2016), Willis H Carrier in household of Duwane Carrier, Evans, Erie, New York, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 367B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0827; FHL microfilm 1,254,827. "1880 Federal Census," Evans, Erie, NY, 1880, 367B, Dwelling #400, Family #419.
    1880 FEDERAL CENSUS
    Evans, Erie, NY, Page 367B, Dwelling #400, Family #419
    CARRIER, Duwane, Head, 43yrs, Male, Farmer, born NY, both parents born NY.
    CARRIER, Elizabeth, Wife, 35yrs, Female, Keeping House, born NY, Father born NY, Mother born VT.
    CARRIER, Willis H., Son, 3yrs, Male, Single, born NY. (Named after dad's cousin who took her in after her father's death.)
    CARRIER, Mary, Mother, 70yrs, Female, Widow, At Home, born NY, both parents born CT.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV5B-MRT7 : accessed 7 October 2015), Willis Haviland Carrier, 1921; citing Passport Application, New York, United States, source certificate #8333, Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 - March 31, 1925, 1538, NARA microfilm publications M1490 and M1372 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,666,638. Certificate 8333
  5. 5.0 5.1 "New York State Census, 1905," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MV1Y-8R6 : 19 July 2018), Willis H Carrier, Buffalo, Ward 25, E.D. 05, Erie, New York; citing p. 40, line 23, various county clerk offices, New York; FHL microfilm 825,701.
  6. "District of Columbia Marriages, 1830-1921," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F71D-2M5 : 6 December 2014), Willis H. Carrier and Jennie T. Martin, 16 Apr 1913; citing Washington, District Of Columbia, reference 60912; FHL microfilm 2,108,518.
  7. "New York, State Census, 1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9NP-WMG : accessed 7 October 2015), Willis H Carrier, Buffalo Ward 20, A.D. 08, E.D. 04, Erie, New York, United States; from "New York, State Census, 1915," database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2012); citing p. 01, line 20, state population census schedules, 1915, New York State Archives, Albany.
    Willis H. Carrier, 39; Jennie M., 48; Earl G., 9; Eugenia A., 72.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 15 July 2019), memorial page for Willis Haviland Carrier (26 Nov 1876–7 Oct 1950), Find A Grave: Memorial #2829, citing Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Erie County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
  • "1910 Federal Census," Buffalo County, NY, 28A, Dwelling #149, Family #165. "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M54V-7RB : accessed 15 July 2019), Willis H Carrier in household of Charles F Otto, Buffalo Ward 17, Erie, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 166, sheet 9A, family 165, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 946; FHL microfilm 1,374,959.
    1910 FEDERAL CENSUS
    Buffalo, Erie, New York, Page 28A, Dwelling #149, Family #165
    OTTO, Charles F., Head, 47yrs, Male, Married 19yrs, born NY, both parents born Germany, Traveling Salesman.
    OTTO, Harriet J., Wife, 45yrs, Female, Married 19yrs, 3 children, 3 living, born NY, both parents born NY.
    OTTO, Nina Mae, Daughter, 18yrs, Female, Single, born NY.
    OTTO, Ruth Evelyn, Daughter, 14yrs, Female, Single, born NY.
    OTTO, Frederick C., Son, 7yrs, Male, Single, born NY.
    CARRIER, Willis H., Cousin, 33yrs, Male, Married 7yrs, born NY, both parents born NY, Mechanical Engineer.
    CARRIER, Claire, Cousin, 31yrs, Female, Married 7yrs, No children, born NY, both parents born NY.
  • "1930 Federal Census," Essex Falls, Essex County, NJ, 185A, Dwelling #180, Family #187. "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X4D6-ZJ5 : accessed 15 July 2019), Willis Carrier, Essex Fells, Essex, New Jersey, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 428, sheet 10A, line 16, family 187, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1330; FHL microfilm 2,341,065.
  • "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KQ3J-2TV : 14 March 2018), Willis H Carrier, Ward 13, Syracuse, Syracuse City, Onondaga, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 66-187, sheet 8A, line 25, family 164, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2857.
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KXML-Y2B : 12 March 2018), Willis Haviland Carrier, 1926; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24V3-YKH : 12 March 2018), Willis Haviland Carrier, 1933; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24VH-Y1R : 12 March 2018), Willis H Carrier, 1933; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JN18-8NY : 30 January 2018), Willis H. Carrier, 1913.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Willis by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Willis:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Comments: 7

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In the New York State Census for 1905 and The United States Federal Census for 1910 , WIllis and Claire are not shown living with ANY children at all.

In the 1910 US Federal Census, Vernon (Verner) aged 7, and Earl (Early) Gardner , aged 4, are shown to be living with their Uncle Robert A. Gardner in Buffalo, New York . The census says their parents were both born in Canada.

Source:

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M571-QWP?from=lynx1UIV8&treeref=LCV2-YL7

Family search have Vernon and Earl as adopted by Willis and his second wife Jennie . They appear to be two brothers that were adopted by the Carriers.

Citation Buffalo NY Courier Tuesday, 4 June 1918 fultonhistory.com Notes In re adoption of Vernor Gardner by Willis H Carrier and Jennie M Carrier. Order permitting adoption.

https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/29945321


The brothers are living with the Carrier's by 1915 when they are shown to be in their household in the New York State Census for that year.

I am changing their relationship to Willis and Jennie as adopted.

posted by PE Rosner
If Earl was born in 1905, either Willis was cheating on Clara with Jennie or Jennie is not Earl's mother, as is currently stated.
posted by Scott Hutchins
Nice profile, good job making "Profile of the Week!"
posted by Paula (Hawkins) Reinke
Excellent profile!! Congratulations on profile of the month!!
posted by Paula J
Willis Carrier is featured in Chapter 2 of Dale Carnegie's "How to stop Worrying." Before he invented air-conditioning, he had devised his own method of controlling worry.
posted by Doug Laidlaw
Hi there profile managers,

We'll be featuring Willis in our connection finder July 17th. Feel free to make updates between then and now, otherwise I will be doing so closer to that date.

Thanks! Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann
Theresa,

I added Willis to the Carrier Name Study. I see that you have lots of Carrier profiles. Please help us tie them all together by joining the Study. In the meantime, do you mind if I add them to the study? Vic

posted by Vic Watt

Willis is 17 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 16 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 16 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.