Willis Carrier

Willis Haviland Carrier (1876 - 1950)

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Willis Haviland Carrier
Born in Angola, Erie, New York, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married about (to about ) [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in Angola, Erie Co., New Yorkmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Washington, District Of Columbiamap
Husband of — married about (to about ) [location unknown]
Died in New York City, New York, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Jan 2014
This page has been accessed 1,776 times.

Categories: Notables | Carrier Name Study | New York Carriers | New York Inventors | Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York.

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In 1880, Willis H. Carrier was living in Evans, Erie, New York, with his parents, "Duwane" and Elizabeth Carrier, grandmother and aunt.[1]

Willis Carrier is the inventor of modern air conditioning. In Buffalo, New York, on July 17, 1902, in response to a quality problem experienced at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn, Willis Carrier submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world's first modern air conditioning system. The 1902 installation marked the birth of air conditioning because of the addition of humidity control, which led to the recognition by authorities in the field that air conditioning must perform four basic functions: 1.) control temperature; 2.) control humidity; 3.) control air circulation and ventilation; 4.) cleanse the air.

After several more years of refinement and field testing, on January 2, 1906, Carrier was granted U.S. patent No. 808897 on his invention, which he called an "Apparatus for Treating Air," the world's first spray-type air conditioning equipment. It was designed to humidify or dehumidify air, heating water for the first and cooling it for the second.

In 1905, Willis Carrier, age 29, was working as mechanical engineer. He lived at 315 Woodward Ave. in Buffalo, Erie, New York. His wife, Clara E., his father and father-in-law were living with him.[2] He married Clara on August 10, 1902, after the two of them met at Cornell University.

Carrier's first wife, Claire Seymour, died January 12, 1912.[3]

Willis married Jennie T. Martin on the 16th of April, 1913 in Washington, District of Columbia. [4] Jennie died in 1939.[3]

In 1915, Willis H. Carrier lived at 1359 Amherst, Buffalo, Erie, New York, with his wife Jennie M., son Earl G., and mother Eugenia A. Willis was a mechanical engineer.[5]

Willis Haviland Carrier registered for the World War 1 Draft on 12 Sept 1918. He was living on Rensselaer Rd, Essex Fells, Essex, New Jersey. Willis was 41 years old, born on 26 Nov 1876, and worked as a mechanical engineer for the Carrier Engineering Corp. His nearest relative was his wife, Jennie M. Carrier.[6]

When he applied for a United States Passport on 7 April 1921, he said that he was born on 26 Nov 1876 at Angola, Erie, New York, to Duane W. Carrier, who was born in Chango County, NY. His wife was Jennie Martin Carrier.[7]

Willis's third wife, Elizabeth Marsh Wise, died in 1964.[3]

He died on 7 Oct 1950 in New York, New York, and is buried at the Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Erie, New York.[8]

Profile manager is his 9th cousins, twice removed, through the common ancestor Thomas Hull.

Census Evidence

Evans, Erie, NY, Page 367B, Dwelling #400, Family #419
CARRIER, Duwane, Head, 43yrs, Male, Farmer, born NY, both parents born NY.
CARRIER, Elizabeth, Wife, 35yrs, Female, Keeping House, born NY, Father born NY, Mother born VT.
CARRIER, Willis H., Son, 3yrs, Male, Single, born NY. (Named after dad's cousin who took her in after her father's death.)
CARRIER, Mary, Mother, 70yrs, Female, Widow, At Home, born NY, both parents born CT.

Buffalo, Erie, New York, Page 28A, Dwelling #149, Family #165
OTTO, Charles F., Head, 47yrs, Male, Married 19yrs, born NY, both parents born Germany, Traveling Salesman.
OTTO, Harriet J., Wife, 45yrs, Female, Married 19yrs, 3 children, 3 living, born NY, both parents born NY.
OTTO, Nina Mae, Daughter, 18yrs, Female, Single, born NY.
OTTO, Ruth Evelyn, Daughter, 14yrs, Female, Single, born NY.
OTTO, Frederick C., Son, 7yrs, Male, Single, born NY.
CARRIER, Willis H., Cousin, 33yrs, Male, Married 7yrs, born NY, both parents born NY, Mechanical Engineer.
CARRIER, Claire, Cousin, 31yrs, Female, Married 7yrs, No children, born NY, both parents born NY.


  • "1880 Federal Census," Evans, Erie, NY, 1880, 367B, Dwelling #400, Family #419.
  • "1910 Federal Census," Buffalo County, NY, 28A, Dwelling #149, Family #165.
  • "1930 Federal Census," Essex Falls, Essex County, NJ, 185A, Dwelling #180, Family #187.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willis_Carrier


  1. "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZZR-9JP : 14 July 2016), Willis H Carrier in household of Duwane Carrier, Evans, Erie, New York, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 367B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0827; FHL microfilm 1,254,827.
    Duwane Carrier, 43, a farmer; Elizabeth Carrier, 35; son Willis H. Carrier, 3; mother Mary W. Carrier, 70; aunt Claressa Jones, 76. All were born in New York except Claressa, who was born in Massachusetts. Mary and Claressa's parents were all born in Connecticut.
  2. "New York, State Census, 1905," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11824-131765-88?cc=1463113 : accessed 7 October 2015), Erie > Buffalo > Ward 25, E.D. 05 > image 30 of 53; county offices, New York.
    Willis H Carrier, 29y; Clara E Carrier, 25y; father Duane Carrier, 70y; father-in-law William H Seymour, 78y.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wikipedia
  4. "District of Columbia Marriages, 1830-1921," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F71D-2M5 : 6 December 2014), Willis H. Carrier and Jennie T. Martin, 16 Apr 1913; citing Washington, District Of Columbia, reference 60912; FHL microfilm 2,108,518.
  5. "New York, State Census, 1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9NP-WMG : accessed 7 October 2015), Willis H Carrier, Buffalo Ward 20, A.D. 08, E.D. 04, Erie, New York, United States; from "New York, State Census, 1915," database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2012); citing p. 01, line 20, state population census schedules, 1915, New York State Archives, Albany.
    Willis H. Carrier, 39; Jennie M., 48; Earl G., 9; Eugenia A., 72.
  6. "United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-25987-12860-1?cc=1968530 : accessed 7 October 2015), New Jersey > Essex County no 4; A-V > image 889 of 6167; citing NARA microfilm publication M1509 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  7. "United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV5B-MRT7 : accessed 7 October 2015), Willis Haviland Carrier, 1921; citing Passport Application, New York, United States, source certificate #8333, Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 - March 31, 1925, 1538, NARA microfilm publications M1490 and M1372 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,666,638. Certificate 8333
  8. www.FindAGrave.com; http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2829

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Willis by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Willis:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 2
Willis Carrier, 1915
Willis Carrier, 1915

Willis Carrier and air conditioner
Willis Carrier and air conditioner


On 6 Oct 2015 at 16:08 GMT Vic Watt wrote:


I added Willis to the Carrier Name Study. I see that you have lots of Carrier profiles. Please help us tie them all together by joining the Study. In the meantime, do you mind if I add them to the study? Vic

Willis is 26 degrees from Rosa Parks, 23 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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