Charles Carroll

Charles Carroll (1737 - 1832)

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Charles Carroll
Born in Annapolis, Province of Marylandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Annapolis, Marylandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Baltimore, Maryland, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Oct 2013
This page has been accessed 8,369 times.

Categories: Namesakes US Counties | Annapolis, Maryland | Baltimore, Maryland | Doughoregan Manor Chapel, Ellicott City, Maryland | Continental Congress | Signers of the United States Declaration of Independence | US Senators from Maryland | Maryland Slave Owners | Notables | American Founding Fathers.

Charles Carroll is notable.
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Charles Carroll was a Founding Father in the American Revolution
Preceded by
US Constitution Ratified
March 4, 1789
Charles Carroll
US Senator (Class 1)
from Maryland
Seal of the US Senate
Succeeded by
Richard Potts



Charles was born in 1737. Charles Carroll referred to himself as Charles Carroll of Carrollton, to distinguish himself from his father and other relatives. He was an illegitimate child, although his parents did marry after he was born.

As a young child, he studied at a Jesuit school in Maryland and when he was eleven, he was sent to France to continue his Catholic education at the Jesuit run College of St Omer. He was a student there from 1748 - 1754, then studied law in London.

As a Catholic, he was banned from practicing law, entering politics and voting in Maryland. It seems his original interest in politics may have been intellectual. Using the pen name, 'First Citizen', Carroll argued for the right of the colonies to control their own taxation.

Taking the other side of the debate, was a character named Antillon. It was discovered that Antillon was a member of one of the four prominent political families in Maryland, and that 'First Citizen' was none other then the very wealthy, yet disenfranchised, Charles Carroll.

In 1774, Carroll was elected to the Committee of Correspondence[2]

He did not have the opportunity to vote in favor of the Declaration of Independence but he did sign it, becoming the only Catholic signatory. He also outlived all the other signatories.

He was re-elected to the Continental Congress in 1780 but declined. He was elected to the Maryland State Senate in 1781 and served there until 1800. He served as a United States Senator at the same time he was a member of the Maryland Senate, as did John Henry.

Charles Carroll was a Federalist. With the death of George Washington in 1800, the anti-Federalists (Thomas Jefferson) were in power and Charles Carroll of Carrollton left politics.

Along with his political actions, he was a wealthy man. He helped created the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and laid the cornerstone for it.

Carroll gained public acclaim for the principle that the people are the true foundation of government and emerged as the citizens’ “patriot.”

Considered the largest slaveholder at the time of the Revolution, and owning 400-500 slaves, he became president of the American Colonization Society (1828-1831) seeking to solve America’s slave problem by resettling them in Africa.

Charles Carroll leased his Annapolis house in 1821 and moved to the home of his daughter (Mary Caton) and son-in-law on Lombard Street in Baltimore (now known as the Carroll Mansion of the Baltimore City Life Museums).

By 1822, the first sanctioned Catholic Church in Annapolis, St. Mary’s, was erected and built on the Carroll property. In 1826, Charles Carroll of Carrollton became the last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence, with the deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams on July 4th. Two years later at the age of 91, Carroll laid the cornerstone for the B&O Railroad.

He died on November 14, 1832, at the Caton home. Following a national day of mourning, he was interred at the family country seat, Doughoregan Manor in Howard County Maryland.

Research Notes


Date: 19/20 Sep 1737
Place: Annapolis, Maryland[3]
Father: Charles Carroll Of Annapolis
Mother: Elizabeth Brooke
Child: Charles Carroll Of Carrollton
Marriage Date: 1757[3][4]


Husband: Charles Carroll Of Carrollton
Wife: Mary\Molly Darnall
Child: Charles Carroll Of Homwood
Marriage Date: 5 JUN 1768
Marriage Place: Annapolis, Maryland<[3][5]


He passed away in 1832.


Place: Doughoregan Manor[3]


  • Twelve U.S. states have named counties in Carroll's honor. They are: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Ohio.


"first 4 children died at birth"
"Charles Carroll of Carrollton last living signatory of the Declaration of Independence"
"First cousin to his mother-in-law"[6]


  1. Resigned to remain in the Maryland Senate, vacant November 30, 1792 – January 10, 1793 when successor elected.
  2.  :Wikipedia: Committee of Correspondence
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 GEDCOM file submitted by Joanie's Family Tree. Imported on 25 September 2012.
  4. Source: #S151
  5. Source: #S148 TMPLT FIELD Name: Page
  6. The Darnall Family, Vol. 1, pg 64, 17 - 22 3. notes from Lee Richards research


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Charles by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Charles:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 4
Maryland Flag
Maryland Flag

Charles Carroll Image 3
Charles Carroll Image 3

Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Signing the Declaration of Independence
Signing the Declaration of Independence

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On 24 Jan 2018 at 20:00 GMT Beryl Meehan wrote:

On 19 Jul 2017 at 18:52 GMT Sally Stovall wrote:

I do not see the word "black" or "black People" in any part of this profile. It says "Slaves" and should stay that way. This profile looks great. Thank you for creating it.

On 2 Feb 2017 at 22:20 GMT Susan O'Carroll wrote:

Biography needs editing. It is not chronological and seems no to have been edited when profiles were merged? Also, the reference to his slaves as 'blacks' ought to be amended to 'black PEOPLE' (capitals for emphasis).

On 17 Sep 2016 at 01:06 GMT Susan O'Carroll wrote:

Charles Carroll of Carrollton had 7 children. Family tree is readily available for completion of this notable profile.

On 28 Aug 2016 at 13:41 GMT Josh Huey wrote:

My dad tells me this is who my brother is named after my grandmother is Linda Carol

On 1 Aug 2014 at 23:15 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:

On 12 Jul 2014 at 02:08 GMT C Handy wrote:

Carroll Of Carrollton-1 and Carroll-2077 appear to represent the same person because: they are the same person.

Charles is 18 degrees from Kay Sands, 19 degrees from Grant Wood and 9 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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