Categories: Namesakes US Counties | Annapolis, Maryland | Baltimore, Maryland | Doughoregan Manor Chapel, Ellicott City, Maryland | Continental Congress | Signers of the United States Declaration of Independence | US Senators from Maryland | Maryland Slave Owners | Notables | American Founding Fathers.
US Constitution Ratified
March 4, 1789
US Senator (Class 1)
Charles was born in 1737. Charles Carroll referred to himself as Charles Carroll of Carrollton, to distinguish himself from his father and other relatives. He was an illegitimate child, although his parents did marry after he was born.
As a young child, he studied at a Jesuit school in Maryland and when he was eleven, he was sent to France to continue his Catholic education at the Jesuit run College of St Omer. He was a student there from 1748 - 1754, then studied law in London.
As a Catholic, he was banned from practicing law, entering politics and voting in Maryland. It seems his original interest in politics may have been intellectual. Using the pen name, 'First Citizen', Carroll argued for the right of the colonies to control their own taxation.
Taking the other side of the debate, was a character named Antillon. It was discovered that Antillon was a member of one of the four prominent political families in Maryland, and that 'First Citizen' was none other then the very wealthy, yet disenfranchised, Charles Carroll.
In 1774, Carroll was elected to the Committee of Correspondence
He did not have the opportunity to vote in favor of the Declaration of Independence but he did sign it, becoming the only Catholic signatory. He also outlived all the other signatories.
He was re-elected to the Continental Congress in 1780 but declined. He was elected to the Maryland State Senate in 1781 and served there until 1800. He served as a United States Senator at the same time he was a member of the Maryland Senate, as did John Henry.
Charles Carroll was a Federalist. With the death of George Washington in 1800, the anti-Federalists (Thomas Jefferson) were in power and Charles Carroll of Carrollton left politics.
Along with his political actions, he was a wealthy man. He helped created the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and laid the cornerstone for it.
Carroll gained public acclaim for the principle that the people are the true foundation of government and emerged as the citizens’ “patriot.”
Considered the largest slaveholder at the time of the Revolution, and owning 400-500 slaves, he became president of the American Colonization Society (1828-1831) seeking to solve America’s slave problem by resettling them in Africa.
Charles Carroll leased his Annapolis house in 1821 and moved to the home of his daughter (Mary Caton) and son-in-law on Lombard Street in Baltimore (now known as the Carroll Mansion of the Baltimore City Life Museums).
By 1822, the first sanctioned Catholic Church in Annapolis, St. Mary’s, was erected and built on the Carroll property. In 1826, Charles Carroll of Carrollton became the last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence, with the deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams on July 4th. Two years later at the age of 91, Carroll laid the cornerstone for the B&O Railroad.
He died on November 14, 1832, at the Caton home. Following a national day of mourning, he was interred at the family country seat, Doughoregan Manor in Howard County Maryland.
He passed away in 1832.
Place: Doughoregan Manor
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On 24 Jan 2018 at 20:00 GMT Beryl Meehan wrote:
On 19 Jul 2017 at 18:52 GMT Sally Stovall wrote:
On 2 Feb 2017 at 22:20 GMT Susan O'Carroll wrote:
On 17 Sep 2016 at 01:06 GMT Susan O'Carroll wrote:
On 28 Aug 2016 at 13:41 GMT Josh Huey wrote:
On 1 Aug 2014 at 23:15 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:
On 12 Jul 2014 at 02:08 GMT C Handy wrote:
Charles is 18 degrees from Kay Sands, 19 degrees from Grant Wood and 9 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.