A great deal of conflicting information about Jacob has been posted in stories and family trees but the simple truth is that almost nothing can be verified or proved because, reportedly, all the early records were lost in a fire at the courthouse. Page vii of source.
Name: Jacob Carter
No 18th-century document can be found to confirm Jacob's date or place of birth. Based upon the birth of his first child, his birth year has been estimated as about 1720. Many unsourced family trees claim he was born in Charleston SC but no basis whatsoever can be found for such a claim. It has also been suggested that he came from Virginia.The referenced book was itself partly based on interviews that appeared in an 1889 newspaper series about the Carter family.Mr. O'Quinn, age 74 in 1889, was the great -grandson of Jacob Carter and based his articles upon personal knowledge from Jacob's children and grandchildren. But, he, himself, would not have personally known Jacob.
Property & Residence
12 Jun 1767 – Saltcatchers (sic) Swamp, Colleton County, South Carolina Text: ...I have documented and laid out unto Jacob Carter a plantation or tract of land containing two hundred and fifty acres in Colleton County butting and bounding on all sides vact. land: And hath such shape form and marks as the above plat doth represent...
1790 - St Bartholomew's Parish, Charleston District, South Carolina Household of Jacob Carter, Senior: 1 male > 16; 1 female > 16; 1 slave.
Death: No 18th or 19th-century document can be found to confirm when or where Jacob died. Many have speculated on before/after dates based upon census and other records but these can be discounted because they almost certainly belong--not to Jacob but-- to his son (or grandson) of the same name. One such speculation is that Jacob died c. 1800.
Jacob has been misidentified as the son of Moore Carter. Moore Carter did have a son named Jacob Carter of about the same age as this Jacob Carter, but Moore's son, Jacob, died in North Carolina, and never lived in South Carolina. DNA evidence suggests that this Jacob Carter is not a descendant of the Carter family to which Moore Carter belongs; although conflicting DNA evidence suggests that the NC Jacob and SC Jacob may have been 1st cousins.. In either event, the misidentification of Jacob as Moore's son goes back almost 100 years, but DNA and documentary evidence now definitely proves Jacob of South Carolina is not the son of Moore.
Scroll to I1-03 [I-M253]
Note by Robert Mike Terry, Administrator: The yDNA signature of the Jacob Carter subgroup (I-M253) and the yDNA signature for the Isle of Wight Carter subgroup (R-L21)indicates there is no genetic relationship between these two respective Carter families. Any early Carter family history publications, or Ancestry trees that claim Jacob Carter of Colleton is out of the Isle of Wight line were written prior to the DNA evidence presented in this Carter yDNA project. Ignore the science at your own peril.
As the following articles in respected national magazines suggest, the so-called science is not what you think: From Newsweek Nearly Half of At-Home DNA Test Results Could Be Wrong And from LiveScience Genetic Ancestry Tests Mostly Hype, Scientists Say'' The real “peril” is in trying to draw conclusions from one or two DNA match results. That’s not scientific at all. You need a much larger sample of matches before you can draw any statistically significant conclusions. Autosomal DNA testing typically gives you enough matches to be statistically significant—Y-DNA testing, almost never.
In addition, ancestor names found in Y-DNA tables for surname projects cannot be taken at face value. Why? The ancestor column of the tables is sketchy, confusing, and sometimes outright contradictory. We see cases where claimed descendants of the same ancestor have significant differences in their Y-DNA markers and therefore fall into significantly different haplotypes. Haplotype grouping in the tables is scientifically based upon differences within markers but the common ancestor information is anything but scientific. I named my own last known ancestor at Family Tree DNA and that is what showed up in the ancestor column next to my kit number in the table for the Owen, Owens, Owings surname project. I did not submit any evidence or proof nor was I asked for any. I assume the same has been true for other test takers in other Y-DNA surname projects. Considering how many different versions of Carter trees are out there, judge for yourself how accurate an ancestor’s name might be when it is based upon nothing more than someone’s word. There’s an old axiom among computer professionals: “garbage in = garbage out.” We need a lot more information before we draw any conclusions from a table in a Y-DNA surname study group. Increasingly, people are finding that their autosomal DNA test results are completely at odds with the name(s) found in tables for their Y-DNA surname project. And that’s the case with Jacob Carter. Does this mean the science is bad? Not at all; it means that someone, somewhere, probably has a bogus family tree. Other possibilities: a mix up in the lab, an unrecorded adoption, or an unfaithful spouse. Although DNA has codes for all of your physical characteristics, there are no DNA codes for names. In the final analysis, an ancestor name can only come from a well-researched family tree.
1815 will located in Tattnal County, Georgia is probably not for this Jacob Carter.
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