Find A Grave Memorial# 97100991
For whom Carter County was named. Captain Revolutionary War in South Carolina. Entry-taker and auditor Washington District 1784. Represented Washington District in House of Commons, North Carolina General Assembly, North Carolina Senate 1789, Secretary Franklin Convention, Speaker First Senate, First Council of State, Secretary of State, Entry-taker 1790. Lieut Col Commendant Washington District Militia, Justice of the Peace Washington District, Treasurer of Hamilton and Washington Districts. Colonel in campaign 1792, Trustee Martin's Acadamy and Greeneville College. Brigadier General of Militia of Tennessee. Built first iron forge in Tennessee. Married 1784
Capt Landon Carter was the son of Col John Carter and Elizabeth Taylor and was born in Virginia Jan 29, 1760. He was educated at Liberty Hall, now Davidson College, N.C. He signed the Watauga petition to have the settlement annexed to North Carolina and he was an active leader in all affairs of the upper East Tennessee country. Carter County, Tenn was named for him and its county seat Elizabethton, was named for his wife. He was a strong supporter of the State of Franklin and was Secretary of the first Franklin Convention. He married Elizabeth MackLin
Although Elizabethton was established in 1799 as the county seat of Carter County, the town did not have an organized form of government until the early twentieth century.
The Tennessee legislature appointed a commission of five members, Landon Carter, Reuben Thornton, Andrew Greer, Zachariah Campbell and David McNabb, to establish a county seat including a courthouse and prison.
The committee selected a 50-acre tract at the base of Lynn Mountain, east of the Doe River. Elizabethton was named in honor of Elizabeth MacLin Carter, wife of Landon, for whom the county had been named.
Landon Carter's widow, Elizabeth Carter, applied for revolutionary pension while residing in Carter County, Dec 8, 1838. She was born Jul 9, 1765. Landon Carter was a Captain in the Revolution. He served under Col. John Sevier and Col Arthur Campbell in 1780 and 1781. He married Feb 26, 1784 and died June 5, 1800. Jeremiah Campbell testifies that Landon Carter served as stated and that he, Jeremiah Campbell, was in Capt Carter's company and was in the South Carolina campaign. Isaac Taylor also testifies that he was in Capt Carter's Company. They were in the battle of Boyd's Creek and in an expedition against the Cherokee Indians.
Source: Some Tennessee Heroes of the Revolution, First pamphlet, pg 8.
Note from John James Henry
Landon CARTER, along with his Father, John CARTER, and William BEAN were the first permanent English settlers in Tennessee in 1766. On his grave, near the Carter Mansion, the DAR has placed a marker listing his birth as 1760. However, tradition has it that he was ten years old when his father founded Carter's Station in 1766 so I list his birth as 1756. THe earlier birth date is also supported by the fact that Landon signed the petition asking North Carolina to approve The Washington District in 1773, and by NC law (which his father was well aware of) you had to be at least 16 to sign a petition. The petition was approved by the Whig Legislature in 1776. The Carters first settled in Carters Valley (just west of Kingsport, TN) and later moved near Watauga Old Fields (a deserted Indian Town) on the Watauga River, near present day Elizabethton. Prime movers in the establishment of the Watauga Association (which had the first written constitution in America), John and Landon were influential in the Constitutions and founding of the Washington District of North Carolina in 1776, the State of Franklin (1786) and the State of Tennessee in 1796. Carter County is named for John and Elizabethton is named for Landon's wife, Elizabeth (MACLIN) CARTER. Landon was a Major in the North Carolina Militia during the American Revolution, serving under Colonel John Sevier, who later as Governor of Tennessee (1796) made him General in charge of the Tennessee Militia. The 1830 Census for Carter Co., TN lists Alfred M. Carter, George Carter and William B. carter as heads of households. These are undoubtedly Three of Landon's sons. No mention is made of John Maclin Carter, but the following are listed William Carter age 40-49 (5), William Carter age 30-39 (10), and Thomas Carter age 30-39 (4), all of which had households (number of members in the parenthesis). These are possibly descendants of Landon's half brothers, John and Emanuel. The 1840 Census Shows Landon's sons A. M. Carter and William B. Carter as well as the older William (4) listed in 1830 and two of Alfred Moore Carter's sons but not George, nor the Thomas or younger William above.