He was supposedly named after a neighbor to the family on the Roanoke River, supposedly after the "illustrious" Edmund Randolph. (But Edmund b 1753 is younger than him, so it must be another Randolph). John Randolph of the famous Randolph family of Virginia died in 1737, the year Randolph Casey was born.
The family moved to South Carolina near Spartanburg about the year 1760.
He was married in abt 1764-6 (probably in Spartanburg, SC), to Charity Jane? Pennington (Her sister, Abigail Pennington married Randolph’s brother, Moses Casey before 1762. Jacob Pennington’s will mentioned daughter Abigail “Cassey”, and daughter Charity).
Randolph’s first child was born in 1767, and Jacob Pennington’s 1762 will
South Carolina kept no marriage records at that time.
In 1876, their great-grandson, Lewis F. Casey said that Randolph married Mary Jane Pennington (everyone uses this one source). This has caused confusion for family genealogists for decades. But it cannot be true. There are no records that show Mary Jane as the wife of Randolph. Lewis said he got the information from Zadok, but Zadok's mother was most certainly Charity. I think Lewis must have misunderstood and Zadok was saying his mother was Charity Jane, not Mary Jane. (Zadok had a daughter named Mary Jane, so perhaps he mispoke.) Jacob Pennington had another daughter named Mary, but she married Erasmus? Noble. So (after many years searching) it seems that Charity must have been Randolph's only wife.
His 1770 land grant of 300 acres (as someone has said) says that he was married and had 3 children. [Randolph Jr-ca1767, Levi-1768, Isaac Apr 1770], but I've attach the record and don't see that.
SC State Records
1770, June 5 - Randolph Casey, plat for 300 acres in Berkley County, “in the fork between Broad and Saludy rivers containing 300 acres situated on a small branch of Enoree River called Seder Shole Creek not six feet wide? …”
In the Revolutionary War, served as Sergeant in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under Francis Marion , "The Swamp Fox of the Santee"
Randolph is listed in the DAR Patriot Index (wife Mary Jane Pennington), and 3 of his brothers also: Capt. Benjamin, Lt. Christopher, and Lt. Col. Levi.
Here was Randolph’s war service:
The old Ninety-Six District of SC was a storm center throughout the Revolutionary War with families and neighbors bitterly divided between Tories and Patriots. SC experienced its first "civil war" during the Revolution.
In the Revolutionary War Randolph became a sargeant and served under Gen. Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox of the Santee." Randolph and brothers, Levi & Benjamin were in the Second Carolina Regiment under Col. Elijah Clark and fought in the decisive Battle of King's Mountain., Oct., 1780 where a large British force, made up a 900 Tories, was defeated by a various bands of American Patriots totaling 1800 on the border between SC and NC. (Another source says there were 1500 Brits and 900 Americans, with 28 Am. casualties and 500 British casualties.) This victory was a turning point in the battle for the South.
Randolph was also present on the occasion when Gen. Marion was holding a truce treaty with British officers and invited them to eat with them. The menu consisted of roasted sweet potatoes with nothing else. In making a written report to their commanding officers, the British soldiers stated, "Soldiers content to live on such fare can never be defeated!"
In September 1787, Randolph Casey of Greenville County, South Carolina, and his wife Charity sold to Richard Robison of Abbeville County 150 acres on Beaverdam Creek of Little River. The deed states the land had been conveyed to Casey and his wife by the will of Jacob Pennington.
Greene Co, GA was created in 1786. By 1790 the Randolph had taken (at least some of) his family to Greene Co, GA, where Hiram, Samuel & Zadok were born. At that time most of Georgia was designated as Cherokee or Creek lands. Greene County was on the western frontier between the white and Indian lands, basically located where Greene County is today, but was a little larger then. Three of his sons (Randolph Jr, Levi and Isaac) were probably already married. Rebecca married about 1796, probably in SC.
Randolph is not on the 1790 census in SC or GA. Perhaps he was moving.
About 1800 they moved to Sumner Co, TN, then on to Smith Co, Tn, where his daughter Rebecca (widow of Erasmus Noble) married William DePriest about 1802.
Smith Co (now Macon Co) was in north-central Tennessee and at that time went up to the Kentucky border. Randolph lived near or on Brushy Creek near Meadorville, four miles south of Lafayette. (A courthouse fire in 1901 destroyed all the county records).
Randolph died in Smith Co., TN in 1814 His will was dated Aug. 3, 1814 and names his wife Charity, daughter Rebecca, and all sons.
Probably after Randolph's death his sons, Abraham and Isaac left home and went to Cave-in-the-Rock (on the Ohio River) for a few years before moving up to Jefferson Co, IL about 1816. From there they wrote their younger brother Zadok to come to Illinois. The "History of Jefferson County, Ill." says Zadok brought his mother with him to IL in 1817. Zadok moved to Illinois with one horse, his wife Rachel, his son Samuel King who was 5 months old, and his mother Charity. The women took turns riding the horse with all their belongings and Zadok walked with his rifle. The trip took them a month.
Randolph's will, executed in Smith County, Tennessee on 9 August 1814, as witnessed by Henry McWhorter and Ginny McWhorter, made bequests:
to son Levi, $2
to son Isaac, $2
to son Abraham, $2
to son Samuel, $2
to son Randolph, $2
to son Hiram, $2
to daughter Rebecca, $2
to wife Charity, all lands, horses, cattle, hogs, and household furniture, even all the goods, chattels, etc., and after her decease, this all to son Zadok after paying all just debts & above sums
Executors: sons Abram Casey and Samuel Casey.
The will was proved in the November Term, 1814.
Samuel Casey took inventory of Randolph's estate on 25 March 1815, which was recorded in the May Term, 1815.
Randolph and Charity had 9 children in SC and GA
All his children (except Hiram & Nancy) moved to southern Illinois (though not at the same time); and all (except Levi) settled around Mt. Vernon.
The only daughters I have for Randolph is Rebecca (my ancestor). Surely there were more. Nancy (below) is a good possibility, but if she is his daughter, she is not mentioned in his will.
"Nancy, born 1788 married abt 1810 Smith Co, Tn. to John Dotson. [Randolph Casey died in Smith county (now Macon) in 1814.] She died and is buried in what is now Macon Co, Tn. She named one of her children Hiram Casey Dotson. Family lore says that she had a brother who was very well-known preacher, a natural mathematican and he became Lt. Gov. of Illinois...his name was Zadock." (from Nancy's descendant Janet)
Actually, Hiram Casey was also a very well-known preacher in Tennessee. The earliest Casey family manuscript (1876) doesn't mention Nancy, but perhaps that's an oversight since she didn't move to Illinois.
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On 24 Apr 2016 at 20:01 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote: