Randolph Casey

Randolph Casey (1737 - 1814)

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Randolph Casey
Born in Roanoke County, Virginia Colonymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about in Province of South Carolinamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Smith County, Tennessee, USAmap
Profile manager: Scott Grant private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 26 Jan 2013
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Randolph Casey was born about 1737 to Abner Casey and Harriet Green, Roanoke County, Virginia Colony.

He was supposedly named after a neighbor to the family on the Roanoke River, supposedly after the "illustrious" Edmund Randolph. (But Edmund b 1753 is younger than him, so it must be another Randolph). John Randolph of the famous Randolph family of Virginia died in 1737, the year Randolph Casey was born.

The family moved to South Carolina near Spartanburg about the year 1760.

He was married in abt 1764-6 (probably in Spartanburg, SC), to Charity Jane? Pennington (Her sister, Abigail Pennington married Randolph’s brother, Moses Casey before 1762. Jacob Pennington’s will[1] mentioned daughter Abigail “Cassey”, and daughter Charity). Randolph’s first child was born in 1767, and Jacob Pennington’s 1762 will[2]
South Carolina kept no marriage records at that time.

In 1876, their great-grandson, Lewis F. Casey said that Randolph married Mary Jane Pennington (everyone uses this one source). This has caused confusion for family genealogists for decades. But it cannot be true. There are no records that show Mary Jane as the wife of Randolph. Lewis said he got the information from Zadok, but Zadok's mother was most certainly Charity. I think Lewis must have misunderstood and Zadok was saying his mother was Charity Jane, not Mary Jane. (Zadok had a daughter named Mary Jane, so perhaps he mispoke.) Jacob Pennington had another daughter named Mary, but she married Erasmus? Noble. So (after many years searching) it seems that Charity must have been Randolph's only wife.

His 1770 land grant of 300 acres (as someone has said) says that he was married and had 3 children. [Randolph Jr-ca1767, Levi-1768, Isaac Apr 1770], but I've attach the record and don't see that.
SC State Records
1770, June 5 - Randolph Casey, plat for 300 acres in Berkley County, “in the fork between Broad and Saludy rivers containing 300 acres situated on a small branch of Enoree River called Seder Shole Creek not six feet wide? …”[3]

In the Revolutionary War, served as Sergeant in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under Francis Marion , "The Swamp Fox of the Santee"

Randolph is listed in the DAR Patriot Index (wife Mary Jane Pennington), and 3 of his brothers also: Capt. Benjamin, Lt. Christopher, and Lt. Col. Levi.

Here was Randolph’s war service:
The old Ninety-Six District of SC was a storm center throughout the Revolutionary War with families and neighbors bitterly divided between Tories and Patriots. SC experienced its first "civil war" during the Revolution.
In the Revolutionary War Randolph became a sargeant and served under Gen. Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox of the Santee." Randolph and brothers, Levi & Benjamin were in the Second Carolina Regiment under Col. Elijah Clark and fought in the decisive Battle of King's Mountain., Oct., 1780 where a large British force, made up a 900 Tories, was defeated by a various bands of American Patriots totaling 1800 on the border between SC and NC. (Another source says there were 1500 Brits and 900 Americans, with 28 Am. casualties and 500 British casualties.) This victory was a turning point in the battle for the South.
Randolph was also present on the occasion when Gen. Marion was holding a truce treaty with British officers and invited them to eat with them. The menu consisted of roasted sweet potatoes with nothing else. In making a written report to their commanding officers, the British soldiers stated, "Soldiers content to live on such fare can never be defeated!"

In September 1787, Randolph Casey of Greenville County, South Carolina, and his wife Charity sold to Richard Robison of Abbeville County 150 acres on Beaverdam Creek of Little River.  The deed states the land had been conveyed to Casey and his wife by the will of Jacob Pennington.

Greene Co, GA was created in 1786. By 1790 the Randolph had taken (at least some of) his family to Greene Co, GA, where Hiram, Samuel & Zadok were born. At that time most of Georgia was designated as Cherokee or Creek lands. Greene County was on the western frontier between the white and Indian lands, basically located where Greene County is today, but was a little larger then. Three of his sons (Randolph Jr, Levi and Isaac) were probably already married. Rebecca married about 1796, probably in SC.

Randolph is not on the 1790 census in SC or GA. Perhaps he was moving.

About 1800 they moved to Sumner Co, TN, then on to Smith Co, Tn, where his daughter Rebecca (widow of Erasmus Noble) married William DePriest about 1802.
Smith Co (now Macon Co) was in north-central Tennessee and at that time went up to the Kentucky border. Randolph lived near or on Brushy Creek near Meadorville, four miles south of Lafayette. (A courthouse fire in 1901 destroyed all the county records).

Randolph died in Smith Co., TN in 1814 His will was dated Aug. 3, 1814 and names his wife Charity, daughter Rebecca, and all sons.

Probably after Randolph's death his sons, Abraham and Isaac left home and went to Cave-in-the-Rock (on the Ohio River) for a few years before moving up to Jefferson Co, IL about 1816. From there they wrote their younger brother Zadok to come to Illinois. The "History of Jefferson County, Ill." says Zadok brought his mother with him to IL in 1817. Zadok moved to Illinois with one horse, his wife Rachel, his son Samuel King who was 5 months old, and his mother Charity. The women took turns riding the horse with all their belongings and Zadok walked with his rifle. The trip took them a month.

Randolph's will[4], executed in Smith County, Tennessee on 9 August 1814, as witnessed by Henry McWhorter and Ginny McWhorter, made bequests:
to son Levi, $2
to son Isaac, $2
to son Abraham, $2
to son Samuel, $2
to son Randolph, $2
to son Hiram, $2
to daughter Rebecca, $2
to wife Charity, all lands, horses, cattle, hogs, and household furniture, even all the goods, chattels, etc., and after her decease, this all to son Zadok after paying all just debts & above sums
Executors: sons Abram Casey and Samuel Casey.
The will was proved in the November Term, 1814.[5]
Samuel Casey took inventory of Randolph's estate on 25 March 1815, which was recorded in the May Term, 1815.[6]

Randolph and Charity had 9 children in SC and GA
All his children (except Hiram & Nancy) moved to southern Illinois (though not at the same time); and all (except Levi) settled around Mt. Vernon.

The only daughters I have for Randolph is Rebecca (my ancestor). Surely there were more. Nancy (below) is a good possibility, but if she is his daughter, she is not mentioned in his will.
"Nancy, born 1788 married abt 1810 Smith Co, Tn. to John Dotson. [Randolph Casey died in Smith county (now Macon) in 1814.] She died and is buried in what is now Macon Co, Tn. She named one of her children Hiram Casey Dotson. Family lore says that she had a brother who was very well-known preacher, a natural mathematican and he became Lt. Gov. of Illinois...his name was Zadock." (from Nancy's descendant Janet)
Actually, Hiram Casey was also a very well-known preacher in Tennessee. The earliest Casey family manuscript (1876) doesn't mention Nancy, but perhaps that's an oversight since she didn't move to Illinois.


  1. Jacob Pennington's will - https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Space:Jacob_Pennington_Will_1762&public=1
  2. Jacob Pennington's will - https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Space:Jacob_Pennington_Will_1762&public=1
  3. Colonial Plat Books S213184, Vol 14, page 22, item 2
    http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/ - search “Casey, Randolph”
  4. Randolph's will - https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Randolph_Casey_Will_1814
  5. "Tennessee Probate Court Books, 1795-1927," images, FamilySearch (22 May 2014), Smith > Wills, 1812-1814 > image 94 of 97; county courthouses, Tennessee.
  6. "Tennessee Probate Court Books, 1795-1927," images, FamilySearch (22 May 2014), Smith > Wills, 1809-1816, Vol. 02 > image 38 of 142; county courthouses, Tennessee.

Other sources:

  • A manuscript written in 1876 by Lewis F. Casey. The 1876 manuscript by Lewis F. Casey was updated in 1931 by John S. Casey
  • A book, “History of Jefferson County, Illinois,” by William Perrin in 1883. The Perrin sketches were updated and published again 1968 in the Mount Vernon, Illinois newspaper, “Register News,” in a series of newspaper articles entitled, "Register News Sesquicentennial Feature"
  • Casey Family History, by George and Abner Casey in 1964
  • “Casey and Allied Families,” by Walter Eric Casey in 1979
  • A book, “Casey Family History,” by Harold and Robert Casey in 1980
  • Freeman, Mary Jo. "Casey Family (archived)." Mary Jo's Genealogy Web Site, 2003-.
  • Perrin, W. Henry. History of Jefferson County, Illinois. Chicago: Globe Pub. Co., Historical Publishers, 1883, pp. 143-4.
  • Mary Jo Freeman. Profile of Randolph Casey (archived). "Willard & Related Families", RootsWeb, 9 October 2017. [This site has not been updated since 2017 while Rootsweb is reworking their site, so some info is not correct--mjf]
  • "United States Census, 1800," index and images, FamilySearch (accessed 16 February 2015), Randle Casey, Not Stated, Spartanburg District, South Carolina; citing p. 193, NARA microfilm publication M32, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 50; FHL microfilm 181,425.
  • "United States Census, 1820," index and images, FamilySearch (accessed 16 February 2015), Randolph Casey, Spartanburg, Spartanburg, South Carolina; citing p. 269, NARA microfilm publication M33, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 120; FHL microfilm 162,023.
  • "United States Census, 1830," index and images, FamilySearch (accessed 16 February 2015), Randolph Casey, Not Stated, Hardeman, Tennessee; citing p. 358, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 176; FHL microfilm 24,534.


  • Scott Grant for original profile import via Scott Grant Ancestors_2013-01-23.ged on Jan 23, 2013


  • Was married to and had children with either one or two women whose maiden name is Pennington: Mary Jane and Charity. Charity may be the daughter of Jacob Pennington. Jacob Pennington records:
    • "United States Census, 1790," index and images, FamilySearch (accessed 16 February 2015), Jacob Penengton, Not Stated, Spartanburg, South Carolina; citing p. 34, NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 11; FHL microfilm 568,151.
    • "United States Census, 1810," index and images, FamilySearch (accessed 16 February 2015), Jacob Pennington, Not Stated, Spartanburg, South Carolina; citing p. 384, NARA microfilm publication M252 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 61; FHL microfilm 181,420.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Randolph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Randolph:

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Images: 1
Randolph Casey Sr land plat in SC
Randolph Casey Sr land plat in SC


On 24 Apr 2016 at 20:01 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Segment match b/t Baker Salsbury and Gedmatch kit M106551 on Chr 12 b/t 48.4 and 63.2 (14.5 cM). Kit M106551 claims descent from this Randolph Casey and *Jane* Pennington (there's talk they were sisters who had both married Randolph).

Randolph is 13 degrees from Caryl Ruckert, 15 degrees from Harriet Stowe and 14 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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