Note: No information has been deleted even if it has been corrected later on. The following is a continuing record of activity in my profile as it has occurred . I have not yet learned how to put numbers to match 'Sources' so I have added the source after each entry until I find out how to do that properly.
Conceived at Oatlands Tasmania, born in Leichhardt, Sydney, Christened at St Peters Church Oatlands, lived from first memories at Oatlands, then Butlers Gorge (first school but town obliterated by greenies but dam is still there), then Whitemore (one room school), Mc Culloughs owned the shop/post office/ petrol pump opposite the school and ironically years later my mother married a brother of this family, then Sprent with Nan and Pa Cordwell on a farm and went to school there, then to Burnie, Truganini Street Montello (primary and secondary schooling). Ended up in RAAF Jan 1961at 16 1/2 years old (ID A 61317), lived in Wagga Wagga outskirts at air force training base at Green Hills (I think it was called) Trained as a Transport Fitter/Mechanic apprentice), lived at Tottenham stores depot, Sale RAAF base and then township after marriage to Katherine Hermes, then Tindal RAAF base under construction at Katherine (My daughter Kara was conceived there), then Penrith with work at Villawood maintenance depot (Kara Leigh born at Penrith hospital), lived in RAAF housing at Warrick Farm then (first house purchased at Wrench Street, Cambridge Park (near the old fence line of the Munitions Factory) where I worked as a refrigeration mechanic after leaving the RAAF and after moving to Burnie Tasmania for a short stint where I tried to start a business and began drinking after work, this caused the first, really first step of our marriage break up (My fault entirely). Kathy met a lover at the munitions factory where she also worked for the Army, and so began the saga of our marriage breakdown which dragged on for about 2 years. A terrible time of being deceived by someone you loved, but I probably deserved it after the Tasmania episode. Moved back to Tasmania after marriage split, and lived at mother's new husband Lloyd Mc Cullough's farm before moving to Launceston, boy boarding with us at Penrith because he was kicked out of home (Ronald Sant) at the time for 2 years, married Kathy and they proceeded to have 3 more children, 2 girls and 1 boy I believe. Moved back to Sydney by transferring from James Hardy factory in Launceston to one in Milperra (PVC pipe extrusion shift manager at both locations. Lived in my caravan at my aunty Marie's house in St Johns Park, Sydney until I found a unit in Fairfield (Sydney). I had expected to spend time with my daughter from this move but I was confronted by Kathy's mother, father, new (but probably going on for longer than I knew) partner Sant, and Kara. Told that school felt it better if I did not see Kara as it would interfere with her schooling (she was only about 11 at the time). I put the question to Kara but I am sure she was already primed to say that she agreed with them so I did not see her for about 18 years. She had requested the Salvation Army to find me and they traced me to Beach Road Bondi, Sydney where I was living with Helen Donald at the time in a horrible relationship (again). I moved to Haberfield, Sydney for a short while as I managed a Midas Muffler shop there. I moved to Gosford after obtaining a factory management position at Donald Clarks (since sold by James Hardie) at Hornsby. I moved from Gosford to Noraville, Toukley NSW after buying a house with Helen Donald still giving me hell. Once again lost the house (number 2) with break up that finally happened when I moved into my next wife-to-be's house at Gorokan after being introduced to Janice by my back neighbor at Noraville who new both of us and our pathetic circumstances. I purchased acreage at at Warnervale and lost it to Janice's son Wayne after a lot of problems with him and a failing relationship with his mother. Divorced again and after renting for 2 years managed to purchase a home in my own name. Lived at this address at 5 Glading Close for 2 more years, paid the house off (I had run a successful consultancy business for 20 years.) I then met someone that I never thought I would ever do after what I had been through and she has turned out to be my Soul Mate, she manages to dismiss my bad points and smooth over any bullshit I put her way. Her name is Gina Vukelic and is of Hungarian and Croatian parents and born in Appatin in Serbia. At the time of writing this I am 73 years old, have a good partner and everything I could ever want. I still suffer from bouts of real depression but I have to remind myself that I am really well off and need to just appreciate what I have in these late years of my life. Although alcohol has caused a lot of my miseries it has also been my escape route to my difficulties in life which have been many. I have never become an alcoholic as I am too stubborn to let anything rule over me so with my weaknesses I also have strength so I guess they balance one another out over time. My re-connection with my daughter did not work out very well. We had both grown up apart and the gap will never be mended which saddens me. My current will favours Gina even though we are not married but I think I have been fair in my allotments to Kara and my two grandsons in that they are relevant to weakness of our family connection.
Sister Ruth born 18/06/1948 born in Hobart Tas Aust.
Brother Terry born 19/11/1949 born in Ouse Tas Aust.
Sister Linda born 31/01/1952 born in Ouse Tas Aust.
Sister Ann born 04/06/1954 born in Burnie Tas Aust.
Brother Mark 09/09/1961 born in Burnie Tas Aust.
Half Sister Sallyann (Whitney Smith) born Dec 10 1967 in Burnie Tas Aust.
Half Brother David Joseph born Dec 7 1970 in Burnie Tas Aust.
Half Sister Patricia Ruth born Feb 8 1972 in Burnie Tas Aust.
Residence  1967 Gippsland Victoria Australia, 1968, Elsie, Northern Territory Australia, 1977 Macquarie New South Wales Australia, 1977 Chifley New South Wales, Australia,
Mother died 2015 in a Nursing Home in Deloraine Tas Aust at age 85 (correction - she was still alive when the ambulance arrived at the nursing home and she was transferred to the Launceston General Hospital in Tasmania Australia where she passed away.)
Father died April 9 2005 in Burnie Tas Aust at age 84. 
Photo sent to Keith of family up to Linda including birth dates of family members by Ruth.
Looking through the G2G page I noticed that there is a line of Cashman's from Germany formerly known as Kirschemann. Fran Cashman already alluded to this but gave no details so until now I was puzzled about the 2 different lineages. 
When Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin at Christmas in 1974, 66 people died, 70 percent of homes were destroyed and the city was denuded. But Territorians vowed to rebuild their homes and lives. 
Baz Ledwidge's view of Smith Street on Christmas Day in 1974 emphasises the chaos wrought by Cyclone Tracy: cars parked innocently the night before are strewn with - and destroyed by - signage, roofing and fencing. The original photograph was taken outside Cashman's newsagency in Smith Street. While Smith Street has transformed from a main road into a pedestrian mall, Cashman's remains, although the business has moved a few doors along since the first photo was taken. 
Spelling variations of this family name include: Kissane, O'Kissane, Cashman, Guissane and others. 
Origins of the Cashman name: the name has been depicted as being variants of many different surnames from several different countries including Germany Poland and Ireland.
Irish - Cashman Name Meaning. English: variant of Case. Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Ciosáin, which Woulfe describes as a variant of Ó Casáin, with the same meaning as Ó Caisín (see Cashion).
German - Americanized spelling of German Kirchmann (see Kirchman).
Similar surnames: Ashman, Hashman, Cashion, Cashon, Cushman, Cashen, Cashin, Coachman 
Cashman Life Expectancy What is the average Cashman lifespan? Between 1944 and 2004, in the United States, Cashman life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1944, and highest in 1998. The average life expectancy for Cashman in 1944 was 24, and 74 in 2004.
Cashman General Population AGE OF DEATH YEAR 1944 - 25 Average to 30 Actual YEAR 1998 - 75 Average to 80 Actual YEAR 2004 - 75 Average and Actual same
An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Cashman ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birth dates, death dates, addresses and more.
You can see how Cashman families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Cashman family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Cashman families were found in the USA in 1880. In 1891 there were 143 Cashman families living in London. This was about 44% of all the recorded Cashman's in the UK. London had the highest population of Cashman families in 1891. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Cashman surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.
Cashman Family Occupations
In 1881, Labourer, Cork Cutter and House Painter were the top 3 reported jobs worked by Cashman. A less common occupation for the Cashman family was Laborer. The most common Cashman occupation in the UK was Labourer. 7% of Cashman's were Labourers.
View Census data for Cashman | Data not to scale
UNITED STATES CANADA ENGLAND Labourer7% Cork Cutter4% House Painter4% Laborer4% Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Cashman ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.  
Early Origins of the Cashman family
The surname Cashman was first found in Counties Kerry and Cork (Irish: Corcaigh) the ancient Kingdom of Deis Muin (Desmond), located on the southwest coast of Ireland in the province of Munster. 
Last name: Cashman SDB Popularity ranking: 1344
This extraordinary surname recorded as Casman, Casmon, and possibly Cashen, is Irish, and specifically from Counties Waterford and Cork. Its derivation is from the pre 10th century Gaelic O'Ciosain, a Kerry surname more normally recorded as Kissane or Cussane. Although the precise translation is uncertain, the first nameholder, the chief of the tribe, was probably the head tax collector for the area, the basic word "cios" means a tax or tribute, either that or the tribe lived by their own rules and "extracted" tributes from all who ventured onto their lands! The spelling as Cashman is an anglicisation from the 16th century, and it does suggest that the nameholders were aware of the original meaning of their name.Unfortunately the majority of the early Irish registers were destroyed by the IRA in 1922 during the Irish Civil War. Surviving recordings include examples such as John Shey Cashman, who married Nora McKinley at Cork on June 26th 1843, and Mary Cashman, a girl of fifteen, who left Cork on May 21st 1846, on the ship "Liberty", bound for New York. This was in the first year of the infamous Potato Famine, 1846 - 1851. The first surviving recording in Ireland may be that of William Cashman, a witness at St Nicholas church, Waterford, on June 20th 1814. 
Phonetically Similar Names Similar: Surnames listed in the "Similar Surnames" section are phonetically similar and may not have any relation to Cashman
Surname Similarity Incidence Prevalency
Caschman 93 1 Poland/ Chashman 93 8 Israel/ Casman 92 1,000 Indonesia/ Qashman 86 29 Yemen/ Sashman 86 0 - Casmann 86 0 - Ceasman 86 0 - Jashman 86 3 Iran/ Cahsman 86 2 United States/Ireland Caszman 86 1 Australia/ Cachman 86 13 Israel/ Ciasman 86 2 Indonesia/ Caisman 86 22 United States/ Causman 86 18 United States/Australia Catsman 86 164 Netherlands/ Kashman 86 245 United States/Israel Coshman 86 10 United States/Moldova Cassman 86 439 United States/Sweden Casmand 86 0 - Cashmon 86 45 United States/ Chasman 86 176 United States/Argentina Ceassman 80 1 Jamaica/ Caesmann 80 2 Germany/ Caasmann 80 10 Germany/ Coschman 80 6 Brazil/ Caussman 80 0 - Kaschman 80 0 - Casmahan 80 0 - Seashman 80 0 - Causmann 80 2 Brazil/ Cauchman 80 0 - Cuishman 80 0 - Cooshman 80 1 United States/ Cashmond 80 1 United States/ Kaushman 80 2 United States/ Catchman 80 57 United States/South Africa Cassmann 80 38 United States/ Coushman 80 34 United States/ Khashman 80 5,684 Jordan/ Chassman 80 105 United States/ Cheasman 80 78 England/ Cazman 77 2 United States/Poland Qasman 77 5 Yemen/ Cacman 77 13 Poland/ Casmon 77 47 Botswana/ Zasman 77 42 South Africa/Luxembourg Cosman 77 3,993 United States/Moldova Kasman 77 5,904 Indonesia/New Caledonia Jasman 77 3,352 Indonesia/Singapore Sasman 77 1,081 South Africa/ Casmachin 75 2 Columbia/ Kaschmann 75 71 Germany/Austria Cosmain 71 1 England/ Casmong 71 1 Philippines/ Qasmant 71 1 Pakistan/ Qashmam 71 1 Palestine/ Zashmam 71 1 Iran/ Jasmant 71 1 Pakistan/ Kashmon 71 2 Israel/ Gkasman 71 2 Greece/ Sasmann 71 2 Switzerland/ Kaszman 71 10 Hungary/ Jasmand 71 14 Germany/ Qeshman 71 56 Iran/ Causmam 71 1 Brazil/ Casmont 71 1 Brazil/ Cosmamn 71 2 Brazil/ Casmond 71 0 - Ceisman 71 0 - Cashmom 71 0 - Soshman 71 0 - Keasman 71 0 - Cousman 71 2 Germany/ Jaasman 71 1 United States/ Joshman 71 2 Israel/ Chasmon 71 1 United States/ Kazsman 71 1 United States/ Kaysman 71 3 Ukraine/ Kaasman 71 17 Finland/ Kasmane 71 10 Indonesia/Latvia Quasman 71 21 United States/ Zaysman 71 7 Russia/ Jasmain 71 89 Haiti/ Cochman 71 14 United States/Israel Kaesman 71 10 United States/ Kaisman 71 39 Papua New Guinea/ Jausman 71 45 Nigeria/Indonesia Zassman 71 22 United States/Canada Jaisman 71 25 Indonesia/ Cotsman 71 43 United States/Canada Khasman 71 29 Russia/Singapore Zeasman 71 38 United States/ Keshman 71 35 Ukraine/ Kashmanova 71 51 Russia/ Zatsman 71 66 Russia/ Jasmane 71 19 Latvia/ Seasman 71 120 England/ Jassman 71 140 Canadian/ Kausman 71 144 United States/Israel Coysman 71 178 Belgium/ Kasmann 71 112 United States/Estonia Cuisman 71 347 Columbia/ Djasman 71 192 Indonesia/Suriname Coisman 71 273 United States/Germany Sausman 71 369 United States/Serbia Cosmann 71 315 Brazil/ Jochman 71 617 United States/Czech Republic Zachman 71 1,767 United States/United States Virgin Islands Sassman 71 1,318 United States/South Africa Koshman 71 6,930 Ukraine/ Kassman 71 871 United States/Papua New Guinea Jachman 71 103 Poland/ Scosman 71 0 - Cossman 71 527 United States/United States Virgin Islands Coychman 67 1 England/ Chausmon 67 1 France/ Jooshman 67 1 Iran/ Jeasmane 67 1 DR Congo/ Kaszmann 67 2 Hungary/ Khasmane 67 5 Morocco/Lesotho Cajcmann 67 7 Austria/ Sausmann 67 9 Germany/Switzerland Kahsmann 67 10 Germany/ Zaismann 67 16 Austria/ Jaszmann 67 29 Netherlands/ Koishman 67 41 Israel/ Zausmann 67 1 Brazil/ Zeachman 67 0 - Sohsmann 67 0 - Choisman 67 0 - Cootsman 67 0 - Coochman 67 0 - Kassmain 67 0 - Cheisman 67 0 - Zachmamn 67 1 United States/ Cohsmann 67 18 Germany/ Saussman 67 1 United States/ Kaesmaan 67 1 Thailand/ Keschman 67 5 United States/ Jasmaine 67 6 United States/South Africa Khausman 67 4 Russia/Ukraine Coismain 67 18 United States/ Ceissman 67 8 Australia/ Khaisman 67 20 Indonesia/ Kaasmann 67 41 Germany/ Kaussman 67 32 United States/Canada Kausmann 67 244 Germany/ Koyshman 67 34 United States/Moldova Zeichman 67 31 United States/ Koschman 67 42 United States/Canada Khaysman 67 31 Ukraine/ Kheshman 67 6 Jordan/ Khoshman 67 789 Iran/ Kaesmann 67 64 United States/Germany Kassmann 67 138 United States/Estonia Cossmann 67 259 Germany/ Sassmann 67 784 Austria/ Couchman 67 4,718 United States/Guyana
Descriptive Writing introductory reference From Old German gast-mund, a powerful man (gast, potens); or from geis-mund, a strong man (gesus, vir fortis). compare the old German names Adalgis, Gisericus, Vitigis, Wetgisus, &c. It may also be from some Scotch name commencing with Mac. If the name be of German origin, we may have from it Cheeseman and Casement. But see Cheeseman.
— Ludus Patronymicus (1868) by Richard Stephen Charnock This surname is derived from an official title. 'a catchpoll' (v. Catcher); Old French cachier, to pursue.
Roger Cashman, 1562: Reg. Broad Chalke, Wiltshire.
1783. Married — Mathew Casman and Catherine Dunavan: St. George, Hanover Square.
— A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames, written: 1872-1896 by Charles Wareing Endell Bardsley 1 = Cash (q.v.) + English man.
2 Cashier [English cash, ‘originally a till or box to keep money in’; Old French casse, a case; Latin capsa, a box + English man]
— Surnames of the United Kingdom (1912) by Henry Harrison (Irish, English) Grandson of Casan (little, curly-haired one); an officer whose duty was to make arrests.
— Dictionary of American Family Names (1956) by Elsdon Coles Smith
Received with thanks as follows:
Carolyn Allen 10 May 2020, 15:05 (17 hours ago) to me, Ross
I am a member of the the Balmain Assoc Committee & agreed at our meeting to contact Peter Cashman to see if you are part of the same family. I have dropped around to his house but not seen him yet - he is not always in Balmain
I suspect if you did have relatives from Balmain you may be connected. Ann Cashman, a former Mayor ( who has a park near me named after her) , mentioned by Ross was Peter's aunt- Inner West Council history section may have information for you.
But, my particular interest is that my house at 8 Hampton St was lived in by the Cashman's - and the 2 small cottages opposite my house 5-7 Hampton were where Peter was raised & he owned these until about 10 years ago. When he lived here the street obviously had lots of Cashmans. Peter tells me that the frangipani tree in my front yard was planted from a cutting of the tree outside No 9!
I am assuming from your email address you may have been born in 45 so Peter is 5-8 years younger than you.
No 5-7 (one title) is on the market at present so if you google the address you can see pics! Ray White real estate.
I will keep trying to see Peter & get him to contact you
Fwd: Benjamin Dunn - The Kassin/Kissane Family and the Swan Knights... | 
Here is the complete story. Very interesting
🍀🍀🙋🍀🍀Kissane/Cashman history (See this link for photos referred to) OCT 25
Kissane and Cashman: Irish Crypto-Jews
Ballykissane was the village that the TV show Ballykissangel was based on and is a village near Killorglin on the famous Ring of Kerry. Stephen Joseph Kissane writes on the Kissane facebook page: "Ballykissane has a burial ground that is called a disused Cillín and has a very sad history. It was used initially for non Christian Kissane Crypto Jews and for infants of Christian parents who died before baptism.
Ballykissane Famine era cottage (photo)
An Irish historian David Ring also writes about the Kissane origins
Jim Cashman originally from Cork writes:"...
Jebel Kissane (photo)
It would seem that the Jewish Kissane/Kassin family of merchants were also to be found in Morocco where a mountain called Jebel Kissane was named after them by the Jewish inhabitants of the town of Agdz. This area of Morocco was once a centre of Jewish civilisation for many centuries. This area today is very dry and arid but it is believed to have been wetter and more fertile in the past and the Draa river extended at that time to the Atlantic. Remains of ships have been found in this area of the desert. Many of the crypto-Jews of Claddagh and the Galway Bay area were fishermen and sailors and it would seem that a group of Jews led by a Kissane went to live in the Jewish settlements of the region that surrounded what was called Jebel Kissane (the mountain of Kissane) as part of the Sephardi community called the Megorashim. In the far north of Morocco is also found the settlement of Beni Kissane (sons of Kissane).
Ballykissane Pier on the River Laune (photo)
There is also an interesting discussion on Ballykissane in the comments to the article about the 1916 terrorist attacks and the monument in Ballykissane on the Unrepentant Communist Blog
Note: The Australian pronunciation of Kissane and Kassin sounds different but the Irish pronunciation of Kissane and Ciosain sound almost identical to Kassin. Also Kissane pronounced Kissani in Africa is the plural form. Thus Beni Kissani/Kissane means sons of the Kissan/Kassin. Posted 25th October 2019 by Unknown
1 View comments
Anonymous March 26, 2021 at 2:49 PM I found this extremely interesting and have added it to my WikiTree profile for others to read. Thank you to Susan McClain-Wells for bringing this to my attention. (Albert) Keith Cashman. 27/03/2021
Shared via the Google app
Sent from my iPad
More information about the Kissane/Cashman name and its history. 
Fwd: Benjamin Dunn - The Kassin/Kissane Family and the Swan Knights... | Facebook Inbox
Subject: Benjamin Dunn - The Kassin/Kissane Family and the Swan Knights... Facebook
Ten Facts about Irish Workhouses  Saturday, 31 October, 2020 Share This: The workhouse or poorhouse, the most-feared institution in Ireland, has many a local story to tell. Rising to infamy during the Great Famine, few realise how long they were around before that, or how many of them are still extant today.
There's much to discover in workhouse records, from the names of the guardians and local farmers (supplying turf and potatoes) to the orphan girls sent overseas by Earl Grey's scheme.
To learn more, share, or attach your ancestor's story to a particular workhouse check out all of them on the Chronicles her
1. Why was it called a Workhouse? A "House of Industry" for the employment and maintenance of the poor was a 17th-century English concept. The able-bodied were expected to work and could be imprisoned for refusing to do so. First introduced to Ireland in 1703, it was also known here as the poorhouse or Poor House. The Irish for workhouse is Teach na mBocht (lit. the House of the Poor).
2. Where is Ireland's oldest Workhouse building? The construction of Ireland's first house of industry began in 1703 in the parish of St James, Dublin (on the site now known as St. James' Hospital). The only 18th-century buildings still extant today are the former master's house and adjoining linen factory (now The Haughton Institute). To put this in context, the Guinness Brewery nearby was not established until 1759. Both Johnathan Swift and Arthur Guinness were board members when this workhouse was renamed the Foundling Hospital and Workhouse of Dublin City (1727). By the time it was renamed the South Dublin Union (1839) it was Ireland's largest workhouse. The 18th century saw a workhouse established in most cities across Ireland: Cork (in 1735), Belfast (in 1752), Dublin North (in 1772), Limerick (in 1774), Ennis (in 1775), Waterford (in 1779) and so on. Compared to England or Wales, such houses of industry were far less prevalent in Ireland however.
3. Who was the Workhouse for? It was intended as a place of asylum for the most destitute and poverty-stricken. The class of "inmate" or pauper accepted by the workhouse extended over time, with additional departments being added to include the aged & infirm, orphans, foundlings and abandoned children (that could be apprenticed out; e.g. Dickens' Oliver Twist) and indigent men. It was also used as a place of punishment for sturdy beggars (able-bodied but unwilling to work), disorderly women and vagabonds/vagrants. (See: Workhouse Rules).
4. Why was the Workhouse dreaded in Ireland? Workhouses were institutions of intense cruelty and shocking malpractice long before the Victorian era. For example, in 1797, it was discovered that the surgeon in the Foundling Hospital and Workhouse of Dublin had been systematically poisoning children. When sent to the infirmary (to die) they were stripped, cramped together in cradles "crawling with vermin", and covered with filthy blankets that were only fit for the dump.
Even the "new" Victorian workhouses introduced by the Poor Law in the mid-19th-century were designed as a place of last resort. To discourage overcrowding, workhouse conditions had to be perceived as inferior to what was available outside. Upon entering the workhouse, families were segregated (children separated from adults and to female / male-only units) unlikely to ever see each other again. Whatever grim reputation the English workhouses had, conditions were even worse in Ireland.
5. Who decided the new Poor Law Workhouse system was good for Ireland? When all decisions transferred to the British Parliament in London (by way of the Act of Union in 1800) it was estimated that 2.3 million people in Ireland were living on the verge of starvation. The causes of poverty in Ireland and its extent were different from England and required an alternative remedy to their Poor Law system. Still, London sent George Nicholls to Ireland to put it in place regardless. Daniel O'Connell condemned this move saying Nicholls "calculated everything and was accurate in nothing". Nicholls' plan to apply the English model was doomed to fail.
6. What other terms do I need to know? "Outdoor relief" in those days was a payment that we know as "welfare" today. Soup kitchens were "relief" in the form of food. "Indoor relief" meant the workhouse. Only those who had been inmates for two years could qualify for Guardian-Assisted Emigration. "Poor law unions" (PLU) were the divisions or districts created by the Poor Law Act of 1838. Each PLU had its own workhouse and each union was named after the town in which the workhouse was located. "Guardians" were elected by ratepayers to oversee the administration of the PLU. Generally, they were local magistrates (landlords and their agents/middlemen) wealthier tenant farmers and merchants. "Poor Rate" was the "Social Welfare Tax" paid to fund one's local PLU. Some Irish Unions had great difficulty collecting this tax which greatly impeded the workhouse's ability to function. "Boundaries Commission" - Overwhelmed by demand during the Great Famine, some of the original 159 unions were divided and new ones created. Many "union boundaries" in the impoverished west were redrawn. 7. How could so many die in the Workhouse during the Famine? During the Great Irish Famine, most of those arriving at the workhouse gates were already at death's door. Starving and sick with the fever, many died at the gate before admission or very soon afterwards. Packed beyond capacity, disease spread out of control and even the most healthy succumbed and died (including doctors and other members of staff). For local history famine reports including news from the workhouses, check out our Timeline Chronicles for 1845-1852.
8. When did the workhouses close? The Victorian workhouse system established in 1838, continued in Ireland until 1920 (when they were closed by the Irish Free State) and in Northern Ireland until 1945. Some were turned into district hospitals while others fell derelict and were destroyed. To find out if any workhouse buildings survived in your ancestral county and where CLICK HERE.
Gary J Matthews MtuSfapoya nSs1id4,n 2l0oors2ograe0d · “THIS WAS AUSTRALIA” I KNOW I LIVED IT. I was born in the very early 50’s, and I am about to share some home truths of our once great nation AUSTRALIA. During and after the second world war Australia through absolute hard work and determination with blood sweat and tears under our lawful common law and Constitution 1901 built this nation up to be a 100% totally SELF-SUFFICIENT nation exporting to over 70 countries worldwide. We were doing pretty bloody good too might I add. In our neighbourhood, all the children including myself would come home from school and all our Mums would be there to take care of us and our homes and making sure we had everything we needed. All our Dads were at work earning a great wage to support our whole family, yes back then every family only needed one wage to live the dream. We had things like JOB SECURITY and most of all happiness and life was full of freedom right up until the 1970’s. I use to work as a Wharfie on the Brisbane docks, and as a young fella and was earning a good wage back then like everyone else. I remember Dad was watching the news one night at 6 O’clock on the black and white TV and he went right off his head over some Government decision. For weeks Dad and all his mates were really pissed off about a Government decision that Prime Minister Gough Whitlam ended up getting sacked over because he refused to go along with the rest of the government over them signing what they called the LIMA DECLARATION. We had many political parties back then like, Democratic Labor Party, National Liberal Party, Queensland Labor Party, Australian Commonwealth Party and many more. After the signing of this Lima Declaration, things started to change very quickly. Everything started to get more and more expensive. Then at an election, Dad and his mates felt something strange about voting. They had this NEW voting system called PREFERENCE VOTING and only Two Parties could be the winner. One was the newly formed LABOR PARTY and the other was the LIBERAL PARTY. While I was working on the docks these rough fella’s use to come to work and heavy us all into joining these Unions they had set up to protect our wages. We use to laugh as our wages were great anyway and didn’t need protecting. Over time these Unionist thugs we ended up calling them, were forcing us all to join and pay a union fee or else we would get our heads bashed in. They were The Painters and Dockers Union that ruled the roost on Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney’s docks during the 70s - often with a sawn-off shotgun. And they always associated themselves with this LABOR PARTY. All they seem to do was put wages up so high that it sent our manufacturing and exporting companies BROKE like they were on a mission to destroy all our businesses. We all started losing our jobs everywhere. This was not right, something was terribly wrong. At the same time, people were under so much pressure and with the Vietnam war that many people turn to flower power and started smoking whoopie Weed wanting to protect everything that was green. They Protested the Daintree Blockade and the Franklin River and most were off their faces and high as the kite. A fella called Bob Brown I meet up with, in the Daintree forest in far north Queensland when I was now working with the Backpacker Tourist Industry and he was kinda straight but he went on and on about being GREEN and always pushed this LIBERAL PARTY agenda as if he was being paid by them to fill everyone’s head with not only dope but also a green agenda of some sort. Man life in Australia back then was going absolutely crazy. From 1975 onwards I witnessed our ONCE GREAT NATION that had it all slowly go down and down and I watched Manufactures destroyed by Unionism and Political Policies from the two-party preferred crap they started when they signed this LIMA DECLARATION that pissed my dad off. For many years I wondered what the hell was going on and why this was happening to our once beautiful Country. 35 short years ago I got an IBM Computer and I found a program disc that said LIMA DECLARATION, so I read it and studied it. Then it all started making sense to me why my Dad and his mates were going off the deep end all those years ago. This Lima Declaration WAS TO DESTROY AUSTRALIA'S MANUFACTURING BASE AND EVERYTHING ELSE and give it to third world countries like China under UNITED NATIONS instructions. So this Lima declaration which by the way was signed UNLAWFULLY without a referendum under our Constitution 1901 back then by this new so-called fake unlawful government of the day that had a very young LABOR Unionist guy called Bob Hawke involved in it as well as this young Paul Keating fella. It was the Labor Party Foreign Affairs Minister Don Willesee that signed the notorious Lima Agreement in 1975 NOT Gough Whitlam, they sacked him because he wouldn't agree to it which stripped Australia of its manufacturing ability and handed it to third world countries. Neither the ALP nor the Liberals have made any attempt since to repeal this treacherous law. The bottom line my fellow Australians… We were all sold out by a fake Corporate Two Party Preferred Government that fooled us all by stealth over the years and then was NEVER voted out of Parliament house to make sure the ultimate goal was achieved. LIBERAL & LABOR Australia’s GOOD cop and BAD cop routine. WE HAVE BEEN SOLD OUT BY THE LEFT & RIGHT WING OF THE SAME BIRD for the last 6 DECADES. NOW WE MANUFACTURE NOTHING & CHINA MANUFACTURES EVERYTHING.
My reply to this FaceBook entry. Keith Cashman Totally on board with this. As a matter of fact I am going to put a copy of this in my family history as it buttons up all my complaints about today's disastrous situation. I feel it is coming to needing a war to sort it all out. But who will we fight, our neighbours? That is what it is coming down to. "They" have organised it beautifully and promoted internal strife to some unknown end. (I should add, 'to us sheeples')
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
Keith is 27 degrees from Charlotte Brontë, 25 degrees from Louisa Alcott, 40 degrees from Victoria Benedictsson, 25 degrees from Rosalind Nield, 22 degrees from Elizabeth Gaskell, 32 degrees from Amy de Leeuw, 21 degrees from Harriet Arbuthnot, 28 degrees from Aurore Dupin de Francueil, 31 degrees from Isabella Crawford and 26 degrees from Barry Smith on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.