BIRTH: 6 Nov 1698. Andreas Ludwig was born in Adelshofen, Germany, son of Anna ( Rinder ) & Hans Dietrich Casselmann. Sponsors recorded at the Lutheran Church in Adelshofen were; Andreas Weydknecht (Village Mayor), Andreas Huger, and Ludwig Paulus Sitzler. (Jones, Jr., Henry Z. (1985) The Palatine Families of New York. pp. 434-435.) He was called Ludwig and Lewis. He signed his name as "Ludwig Cassellman" but variations were - Lewis, Lodowyck, Ludowick, and Lodowick.
AMERICA - NEW YORK
14 Jun 1710 arrived in America at New York port with his father's family & other German Palatines on ship MIDFORT. (MacWethy, Lou D. (1933) The Book of Names. p. 58.)
7 Feb 1714 took first communion as member in the Lutheran Church at West Camp, NY, by Rev. Joshua Kocherthal. (MacWethy, Lou D. (1933) The Book of Names. Kocherthal Records p. 40.)
17 Jan 1716 "Andries Lodowyck Casselman" naturalized with a large group at Mayors Court in Albany, NY. (Albany Hall of Records, Albany, NY: Albany Common Council Minutes Book 6, pp. 114-116.)
MARRIAGE: About 1719 Ludwig married Margretha Elisabetha Schafer, called Greta Liesse, daughter of Gerhard Schafer.
19 Oct 1723 one of 27 original patentees - as is his father Hans Dietrich - of a 12,700 acre Patent near the Mohawk River in Albany Co., NY. Each patentee to receive a 28 th share of the whole. In the First Division of the land, Ludwig did not draw lots but left all of his share in the undivided lands of the Patent - as did Gerhard Schafer [his father-in-law]. (NY State Archives: Letters Patent Book 9, pp. 83-105.) Patent became known as "Stone Arabia".
6 Nov 1723 one of 20 patentees - as is his father Hans Dietrich - who deeded a 29 th part of the Patent to Johs. Lawyer. ("Historic Stone Arabia". ENTERPRISE AND NEWS. Feb 4, 1931. St. Johnsville, NY.) Note: Lands in Stone Arabia changed owners many times without being formally recorded. In 1792 three men were appointed Commissioners to re-survey the Patent. Finding about 1,500 acres of extra undivided lands, they divided it into lots and allotted it to the original 1723 patentees' heirs or assignees. Since very few deeds had been recorded, the Commissioners asked everyone to produce their titles/deeds in order to determine the present 1792 owners. Their findings were sparse and were recorded as: "Schedule of Titles Produced 1723 to 1792." In 1930 this old schedule and the original map of Stone Arabia were discovered and published in the newspaper, ENTERPRISE AND NEWS.
1733 in the Second Division of undivided lands of the Stone Arabia patent, "Lodewyck" received a share or title - no description given. (Dillenbeck, Andrew L. (1931). "Early Stone Arabia." Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association. Vol. XXX, p. 279.) [Note: his father Hans Dietrich is not on this list, however, his brother "Wlhelmis" is - perhaps as an heir of their father Hans Dietrich.]
1 Sep 1734 one of 29 grantors [includes Wilhelmus] of a deed to William Van Schellyne of Albany: 300 acres & a 29 th part of undivided lands of Stone Arabia. Recorded: 30 July 1767. (Albany County NY Deed Book 7, pp. 520-523.)
5 Apr 1742 sold the half of yet undivided 28 th share of Stone Arabia bought of Gerhard Schafer to Hans Jost Snell. ("Historic Stone Arabia". ENTERPRISE AND NEWS. Feb 4, 1931. St. Johnsville, NY.) [Note: Ludwig's wife possibly inherited this land as one of heirs of Gerhard Schafer who died before 6 Nov 1723 when Maria & Susana Schafer signed deed with other patentees to Johs. Lawyer.]
5 Apr 1742 sold his 28 th part of undivided lands to Hans Jost Snell. [As did brother Wilhelm in Jan 1742.] ("Historic Stone Arabia". ENTERPRISE AND NEWS. Feb 4, 1931. St. Johnsville, NY.)
1744 Ludwig & Margaretha Elisabet Casselmann with children, Johann Dieterich, Johannes, Conrad, Johann Jacob, Anna, David, Elisabetha, and Sophia are recorded in the Lutheran congregation of Stone Arabia by Rev. Peter N. Sommer, the resident minister in Schoharie, NY, who administered to the Stone Arabia area about twice a year 1743-1751. Their son William & family are also recorded. (Jones, Jr., Henry Z. (1985). The Palatine Families of New York., p. 435.) Also with addition of another daughter Elizabetha. (Dillenbeck, Rev. Andrew Luther. (1931). Lutheran Trinity Church of Stone Arabia, N.Y., p. 22.)
27 Mar 1744 a signer [original signatures] of the Lutheran's deed to Reformed members for half of church lot #20 in Stone Arabia, NY. (Copy of original deed from Margaret Reaney Memorial Library, St Johnsville, NY.)
27 Feb 1745 contracted to sell his land at "Stoneraby" to William Johnson; £200 for 280 acres, the mill, etc. ... "also whatever he does not take along with him." Lodowick owed a mortgage of £70 which Johnson wanted investigated..."to settle with him er’e he goes." (Letter from William Johnson to Edward Collins: In Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library, Detroit, MI. Prepared by the NY Division of Archives & History. (1921). The Papers of Sir William Johnson. V.1, pp. 451-452.)
17 Mar 1748 in the Diary of Matthias Gottschalk, a Moravian itinerant missionary, on his travels in VA & MD: "...to the South Branch...a German named Kasselman, in whose house I felt a peculiar grace ...Mr. Kasselman accompanied me three miles, he took me across the South Branch ...". (The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 1903. Vol. X , p. 66.) For meetings ... "Mr. Kasselmann, I believe, would be willing to permit the use of his house." ( ibid., 1904. Vol. X I , p. 226.)
17 Aug 1749 two land grants, #28 of 300 acres & #29 of 404 acres, on Wappacomo or Great South Branch of Potomac in Frederick Co. VA from Lord Fairfax. (Frederick County VA: Northern Neck Grant Book G, p. 281-282.) Note: William Castleman also received a grant on 23 Aug 1749.
15 May 1753 granted Town Lot #49 of 1/2A. & Commons Lot #48 of 5A. in Town of Wi nchester, VA. (Frederick County VA: Northern Neck Grant Book H, p.366.) Note: William Castleman & Jacob Castleman also granted lots.
17 Jun 1754 "Castlemans wagon" to be kept & used near Wills Creek & Redstone by Col. Washington's Regiment. (Abbot, W.W. (Editor). The Papers of George Washington. Series 1, 1748-Aug 1755: Letter from John Carlyle to GW, pp. 140-141.) "The Castleman family was among the earliest families to settle in Frederick County." (ibid. Footnote 7. p. 144.)
Mar 1756 suit by Henry Heath vs. Lodowick Castleman ; debt; to next Court on motion of defendant. (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 7, p. 25.) In the Court Order Book of Apr 1762 it is noted that the parties agreed to dismiss this case. Henry Heath was a doctor. ------1757 on Virginia Tax list to pay with 25 pounds of tobacco. (Greene, Katherine G. 1926. Winchester, Virginia. and It's Beginnings 1743-1814. p. 388.)
12 Apr 1757 paid for his horse hired by Col. Geo. Washington's Regiment [Regiment also hired horses from William Castleman & Jacob Castleman]. (DLC:GW, Reel 30, Series 4.)
27 Sep 1757 Lewis Castleman is one of a number of people (including "young Mr. Castleman") in Winchester, VA, possessing sundry goods (listed with each person) suspected to have been purchased or stolen from the Soldiers. Reported that Lewis Castleman said, "items were left at his house by an Indian, at the time some were imprisoned in the town." (Abbot, W.W.: The Papers of George Washington. Colonial Series 4, p. 425.)
19 Nov 1757 At a called Court - Lodowich was charged with murder of James Haines, a VA soldier; he & witnesses (named) were examined and the Court decided he should be jailed & tried by the Court in Williamsburg, VA. (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 7, p. 321.) Note: Haines died 10 Nov 1757 at Ft. Loudoun in Winchester. He was in Col. George Washington's Regiment - as were the witnesses. Found no further record of the trial or the verdict.
1 0 Mar 1758 suit by Michael Ernest vs. Lodowick Castleman; debt; dismissed on motion of plaintiff.
Sep 1758 suit by Jacob High vs. Lodowick Castleman & Robert Worth; ______ ; find for plaintiff. (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 8, p. 41 & p. 116.)
12 Mar 1759 Ludwick of Hampshire Co. leased to David Castleman of Frederick Co. for 5 shillings; Lot # 29 of 404 acres on Great South Branch of Potomac River, grant from Lord Fairfax 17 Aug 1749. Sold & Recorded 12 March 1760 to David Castleman for £70. (Hampshire County VA Deed Book 1, pp. 27-29.)
Apr 1759 suit by John Blagg vs. Lodowick Castleman; complaint; parties failed to appear. (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 8, p. 225.)
18 Jul 1759 Ludwick of Hampshire Co. leased to Jacob Castleman of Frederick Co. for 5 shillings; Lot # 28 of 300 acres; also 119 acres a part of Lot # 29, on Great South Branch of Potomac River, grants from Lord Fairfax 17 Aug 1749. Sold & Recorded 12 Mar 1760 to Jacob Castleman for £70. (Hampshire County VA Deed Book 1, pp. 25-26.)
5 Sep 1759 one of 12 people as defendants in suit by "Our Sov. Lord the King"; both sides heard; suit "dismis'd". (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 8, p. 313.)
1760 on Virginia Tax list to pay with 22 pounds of tobacco. (Greene, Katherine G. (1926). Winchester, Virginia, and It's Beginnings 1743-1814. p. 393.)
MARRIAGE: Between 1759 & 1761 Ludwig married Mary (Bush) Wallace Hancock, twice a widow, with five young children.
9 Jun 1761 leased to Robert Craigen of Frederick Co. for 5 shillings; Lot #49 of 1/2 acre & #48 of 5 acres in the Town of Winchester ... grant from Lord Fairfax 15 May 1753. On 10 Jun 1761 Ludowick & wife Mary (her mark W) of Hampshire Co. sold to Robert Craigen for £70. Proved in Frederick Co. Court 4 Aug 1761 and the Court ordered Nathan & Benj. Kuykendall to visit Ludowick's home in Hampshire Co. to examine his wife Mary to confirm her release: Recorded 12 May 1762. (Frederick County VA De ed Book 6, pp. 543-547.)
Sep 1762 suit by Lodowick Castleman vs. John Gale; continued to next Court. (Frederick County VA Court Order Book 10, p. 271.)
1761 cleared & improved a 300 acre plantation on Dunnings Creek about 4 miles from the Town of Bedford in Cumberland Co. PA. (reference from Bedford County PA Deed Book A , p. 497.)
25 Jul 1763 acquired ticket from George Groghan for Lots # 11,12,13 on north side of broad street between Fort Bedford & Bedford Bridge in Town of Bedford. (reference from Bedford County PA Deed Book A, p. 481.)
17 Jun 1767 Survey # 3881 on his 300 acres on Dunnings Creek, down the Creek & includes his improvements. [Survey # 3879 for Paul Waug, Sr..."adj. Ludwig Casselman"...on Dunnings Creek. p.112.] (Whisker, James B. (1985). The Bedford County Archives. Vol. 1, p. 93.)
1770 Tax: Cumberland Co., Bedford: 2 horses, 2 cattle, 150 acres Land, 20 cleared. (Schaumann, Merri L. (1972). Tax Lists-Cumberland County Pennsylvania 1768, 1769, 1770. pp. 13, 24, 162.)
10 May 1769 Lewis of Cumberland Co. to George Woods for £20 ... a certain improvement & tract of land made in 1761-2 on south side of Dunnings Creek ...a house 20X18 one story and half, a small field fenced & tilled, a meadow sowed with timothy [no acreage given]. Proved 18 Feb 1790 by Andrew Steel a witness. Recorded 13 Aug 1790 by David Espy. (Bedford County PA Deed Book C, pp. 325-326.) Note: this may have been a mortgage and was recorded after Ludwig's death.
Apr 1771 suit by Lewis Castleman vs. Isaac Brown; debt of £30. (Bedford County PA Civil Court Docket.) ___1772 on Quit Rents for Bedford Twp., Bedford Co., PA; 2 horses, 1 cattle, 488 acres, 50 acres improved. (Waterman, Watkins and Co. (1884). History of Bedford, Somerset, and Fulton Counties in Pennsylvania. p. 67.)
1773 & 1774 Taxables for Bedford Twp, Bedford Co. PA. (PA Archives. Series 3, Vol 22, p. 18, p. 60.)
29 Nov 1777 Lewis & wife Mary of Bedford Twp & Co. to George Woods & Thomas Smith for £300, 300 acres settled & improved in 1761 on Dunnings Cr., adjoining Paul Waugh, about 4 miles from Town of Bedford - as of Survey # 3881 entered 17 June 1767 in Land Office of PA. Proved: 22 May 1783 by Thomas Vickory who swore he recognized one witness' signature. Recorded 22 May 1783 by David Espy. (Bedford County PA Deed Book A, pp. 497-498.)
27 Jul 1781 Lewis of Bedford Twp & County to Thomas Anderson for £15, lots # 11, 12, 13 [each 60 ft. x 230 ft.] in Town of Bedford on North side of broad street between Fort Bedford & Bedford Bridge...acquired ticket or Instrument on 25 July 1763 from George Groghan. Proved 27 July 1781 by Lewis who personally came before David Espy, Justice of Court. Recorded 9 May 1783. (Bedford County PA Deed Book A, pp. 481-482.)
1783 on Supply Tax list in Bedford Twp & County: 300 acres, 2 horses, 1 cattle. Taxed 1.5.0. (PA Archives. Series 3, Vol 22, p. 205.)
1784 on Returns for Bedford Twp & County: __ Acres, 1 Dwelling house, 9 Whites, __ Blacks. (PA Archives. Series 3, Vol 22, p. 273.)
30 Jan 1789 Lewis/Ludwig's Will was written & signed with his mark: he gave every thing he owned ..."to my Lawful wife Mary Castleman ... to dispose of as she thinks proper or necessity compels her to ~~ NB: said plantation of Lewis Castleman lies joining Brushs Creek & Dunnings Creek." Proved: 5 Sep 1789 by witnesses, Michael Smyth & John Chrisman before David Espy, Registor. (Original Will at the Courthouse in Bedford, PA.)
DEATH: between 30 Jan & 5 Sep 1789 Ludwig Casselman died in Bedford County, PA. at 90+ years of age.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Andreas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Andreas: