Fernando III (Castilla) de Castilla

Fernando Alfónsez (Castilla) de Castilla (1201 - 1252)

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San Fernando Alfónsez (Fernando III) "Rey de Castilla y León, el Santo" de Castilla formerly Castilla
Born in Monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, in what is now the Province of Zamora)map
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Burgos, Castile and Leon, Spainmap
Husband of — married in Burgos, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spainmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Sevilla, Seville, Andalucia, Spainmap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 4,361 times.

Categories: Saints | Catholics | Universidad de Salamanca | This Day In History May 30 | This Day In History August 05.


Contents

Important Notice

This profile is the result of ongoing merges. Interested parties are encouraged to edit text into a rational whole. As an historic figure, the privacy should be open or public at all times, if it is not please ask a manager to correct it.

Saint Ferdinand III

King of Leon and Castile
Third Order of St. Francis
b. c.1198 near Salamanca;[1]
d. 30 May 1252 Seville[2]
burial: cathedral of Seville
1671: Canonized by Clement X
Feast: 30 May

Occupation

  • 1217: King of Castile
  • 1230: crown of Leon
  • 1236: conquest of Cordoba
  • 1248: conquest of Seville
  • Turned mosques into cathedrals
  • Founded University of Salamanca

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. II. p. 116

Links


Footnotes

  1. Wikipedia states 05 Aug 1199 – 30 May 1252, while the Catholic Encyclopedia says he was born c.1198. Whether this is due to the medieval calendar cycle -- generally set back a year -- is unknown. Wikipedia took birth dates from what appears to be a secondary source.
  2. Catholic Encyclopedia and Wikipedia confirm this date.

Biography

Ferdinand III was born in 1199. He was the son of Alfonso IX Leon and Berengaria of Castile. He was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231.

The exact date of Ferdinand's birth is unclear. It has been proposed as early as 1199 or even 1198, although more recent researchers commonly date Ferdinand's birth in the Summer of 1201. Ferdinand was born at the Monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, in what is now the Province of Zamora).

As the son of Alfonso IX of León and his second wife Berengaria of Castile, Ferdinand is descendant of Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile on both sides of his parents, as his paternal grandfather Ferdinand II of Leon and maternal great grandfather Sancho III of Castile were the sons and successors of Alfonso VII. Ferdinand has other royal ancestors from his paternal grandmother Urraca of Portugal and his maternal grandmother Eleanor of England a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. The marriage of Ferdinand's parents was annulled by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204, due to consanguinity.

Ferdinand was buried in the Cathedral of Seville by his son, Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed in four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early version of Castilian. He was canonized as St. Ferdinand by Pope Clement X in 1671. Today Saint Fernando can still be seen in the Cathedral of Seville, for he rests enclosed in a gold and crystal casket worthy of the king. His golden crown still encircles his head as he reclines beneath the statue of the Virgin of the Kings. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire in his honor.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia states 05 Aug 1199 – 30 May 1252, while the Catholic Encyclopedia says he was born c.1198. Whether this is due to the medieval calendar cycle -- generally set back a year -- is unknown. Wikipedia took birth dates from what appears to be a secondary source.
  2. Catholic Encyclopedia and Wikipedia confirm this date.


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No known carriers of Fernando III's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 5
Fernando de León y de Castilla
Fernando de León y de Castilla

Depiction of St. Ferdinand III
Depiction of St. Ferdinand III

Fernando III de Castilla Image 3
Fernando III de Castilla Image 3

Ferdinand II of Castile
Ferdinand II of Castile

Fernando III
Fernando III

Collaboration

On 21 Oct 2017 at 09:02 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

Of Castile-90 and Castilla-105 appear to represent the same person because: There cannot be 2 kings Ferdinand de Castille with the same parents at the same time...

It looks like 1199 is the correct birth year.

On 22 Sep 2016 at 12:27 GMT Aleš Trtnik wrote:

While connecting to Wikidata, I noticed there is a duplicate of this profile Castilla-105.

Also mother and her father are duplicated. [1]

I didn't initiate the merges, since there are different LNABs.

On 22 Sep 2016 at 12:27 GMT Aleš Trtnik wrote:

While connecting to Wikidata, I noticed there is a duplicate of this profile Of_Castile-90.

Also mother and her father are duplicated. [1]

I didn't initiate the merges, since there are different LNABs.

On 5 Aug 2016 at 21:06 GMT Donald Darms wrote:

Castile-214 and Castilla-105 appear to represent the same person because: Castile-214 is much less documented and connected than Castilla-105. Castile-214 should probably either be merged or deleted.

On 9 Apr 2016 at 04:52 GMT Donnie Blackstone wrote:

22nd Great Grandfather of Blackstone-170



Fernando III is 29 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 22 degrees from Burl Ives and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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