Category: 2nd Infantry Regiment, United States Army, United States Civil War

Categories: United States Army, United States Civil War | Battle of Shiloh | Sykes's Division, United States Civil War

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2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment, US Civil War

Since the formation of the original 2nd Infantry Regiment in 1791, there has been an active unit bearing the name "2nd Infantry" serving under every president from President George Washington until the present. [1]

American Civil War

During the Civil War the 2nd Infantry was involved in some of the first fighting of the war that took place at Wilson's Creek in Missouri and the first Battle of Bull Run. The regiment was assigned to the Army of the Potomac and fought in numerous major engagements such as Manassas, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. By June 1864 the commissioned and enlisted strength of the regiment had reached such a low figure, less than 100 men, that in accordance with the request of the regimental commander the remaining enlisted men were transferred to Company C, and that company was given a full complement of officers and non-commissioned officers. From then until December 1864 the entire regiment consisted of just Company C. On 18 April 1869 the 2nd Infantry was consolidated with the 16th Infantry and the consolidated unit was designated as the 2nd Infantry. Between the end of the war in 1865 and 1877 the regiment was deployed throughout the south enforcing the "Reconstruction" laws. On 10 February 1877 2nd Lieutenant Augustine McIntye was brutally murdered in Gelnier County, Georgia while in command of a detachment acting as a posse with two U. S. Marshals and revenue officers engaged in arresting illicit distillers.

The 2nd Infantry bears nine battle honors from its 1869 consolidation with the 16th Infantry. This unit was present at battles that include Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Atlanta.

Campaign participation

Civil War

  • Bull Run
  • Peninsula
  • Shiloh
  • Manassas
  • Antietam
  • Fredericksburg
  • Murfreesboro
  • Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg
  • Chickamauga
  • Chattanooga
  • Wilderness
  • Atlanta
  • Spotsylvania
  • Cold Harbor
  • Siege of Petersburg
  • Missouri 1861
  • Kentucky 1862
  • Mississippi 1862
  • Virginia 1862
  • Virginia 1863
  • Tennessee 1863
  • Georgia 1864


2nd Regiment, US Infantry (Regular Army)

Overview:In Kansas January, 1861. Companies "C" and "K" reached Washington, D.C., July, 1861. Attached to Porter's 1st Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Porter's City Guard, Washington, D.C., to March, 1862. Regiment concentrated at Washington, December, 1861, except Company "H" at Fort Larned, Kan. Attached to Syke's Regular Infantry Brigade, Army Potomac, March to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Provost Guard, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864. Newport Barracks, Ky., to October, 1865.

SERVICE --Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861 (Cos. "C," "K"). Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21. Duty as City Guard at Washington, D.C., till March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg till October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee, July 5-24. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Near Greenwich April 11, 1864 (Cos. "C," "H," "K"). Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21; North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12, Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to October, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Moved to Newport Barracks, Ky., October, 1864, and duty there till October, 1865. Company "B" moved from Kansas to St. Louis, Mo., February, 1861. Expedition to Booneville June 13-17. Capture of Jefferson City June 13. Action at Boonville June 17. Company "E" moved to St. Louis, Mo., July, 1861. Lyon's Springfield Campaign July-August. Companies "B" and "E" action at Dug Springs August 2. Battle of Wilson's Creek August 10, Joined Regiment in Washington, D.C., December, 1861. Company "H" at Fort Laramie till June, 1863. Joined Regiment at Benson's Mills, Va., June 13, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 88 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 58 Enlisted men by disease. Total 155. [2]


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Sources

  1. Wikipedia:2nd_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)
  2. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database


People or pages in 2nd Infantry Regiment, United States Army, United States Civil War

There are 2 profiles on this category page.

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  • Patten Himrod 20 Jan 1839 Erie, Pennsylvania, United States - 10 Sep 1902

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  • Nathaniel Lyon 14 Jul 1818 Ashford, Windham, Connecticut, United States - 10 Aug 1861




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