Category: 42nd Infantry Division, United States Army, World War I

Categories: American Expeditionary Force (AEF) Divisions, World War I

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Forty-Second Division Camp Mills, Long Island October 12, 1917
Company Muster List

Known as the "Rainbow Division." Insignia, a rainbow on black field. Organized August 5, 1917. It was completely assembled at Camp Mills by September 13th. Composed of National Guard Units, coming from every section of the United States. The following states were represented: New York (69th Inf.), Iowa (3d Inf.), Wisconsin (Cos. E., F and G, 2nd Inf.) Indiana (1st. F.A.), Maryland (3rd and 4th Cos. C.A.C.), Kansas (1st Amm. Tr.), Oklahoma (Amb. Co. No. 1), District of Columbia (F. H. Co. No. 1), Ohio (4th Inf.), California (1st Bn. Engrs.), New Jersey (Amb.Co. No. 1), Michigan (1st Amb. Co.), Nebraska (F. H. Co. No. 1), Colorado (F. H. Co. No. 1), Oregon (F. H. Co. No. 1), Alabama (4th Inf.), Georgia (Cos. B, C, and F, 2nd Inf.), Louisiana (1st Sep. Troop Cav.), South Carolina (1st Bn. Engrs.), North Carolina (Eng. Train), Texas (Supply Train), Virginia (1st and 2nd Cos. C.A.C.), Tennessee (Amb. Co. No. 1), Missouri (1st Bn. Sig. Corps).

On October 18, 1917, the division embarked for France. Division headquarters landed at St. Nazaire, November 1st. Debarkation complete December 7th. Debarked at St. Nazaire, Brest and Liverpool. Troops were assembled in the Vaucoulers training area. Division marched to La Fauche area beginning December 12th, thence to Rolampont area where it remained until February, 1918. Moved to vicinity of Luneville where they trained serving in the line with corresponding French units. The division area, but orders were revoked and it was relived the 128th French Division in the Baccarat sector. It was relieved on June 21st and moved by rail to Camp de Chalons, and while preparing to go into more extensive training, news of impending German attack caused the division to be thrown into second position, also portions of the intermediate and outposts, under the 21st French Army Corps.

On July 15, 1918, the German attack against this corps was broken and the division was withdrawn by July 18th, moved by train and camion, and on July 25th it took over the front of the 1st United States Army Corps for a distance of fifteen kilometers. Relieved August 3d, and moved by rail and marching to Bourmont area where it went into intensive training, moving to the St. Mihiel salient August 30th, where it delivered the attack from the south, being the center division, of the 4th Corps, and advancing nineteen kilometers during two days' attack, September 12th and 13th. On October 1st, the division was relieved, moving to the Bois de Montfaucon on Octber 6th as reserve of the Fifth Army Corps. It relieved one of the line divisions north of Fleville-Exermont on October 13th in the Argonne, and attacking, advancing two kilometers. Division was relieved October 31st. The division again advanced to support the attack of November 1st, relieving a line division and advanced nineteen kilometers in two days to the Meuse river and the heights south of Sedan. On November 10th, the division withdrew and moved to Brandeville region, becoming a part of the Army of Occupation. On December 15th it moved to the Kreis of Ahrweiler, division headquarters being established at Ahrweiler, Germany.

Battle deaths 2,713; wounded 13,292; prisoners captured by enemy, 102. Distinguished Service Crosses awarded, 205.

The battles engaged in by the 42nd Division entitling organizations to silver bands on their regimental color staffs were:

  1. Luneville sector, Lorraine, February 21 to March 23, 1918
  2. Baccarat sector, Lorraine, March 31 to June 21, 1918
  3. Esperance-Souain sector, Champagne, July 4 to July 17, 1918
  4. Champagne-Marne defensive, July 15 to 17, 1918
  5. Aisne-Marne offensive, July 25 to August 3, 1918
  6. Aisne-Marne offensive July 25 to August 11, 1918
  7. St. Mihiel offensive, September 12 to 16, 1918
  8. Essey and Pannes sector, Woevre, September 17 to 30, 1918
  9. Meuse-Argonne offensive, October 12 to 31, 1918
  10. Meuse-Argonne, October 7 to November 1, 1918
  11. Meuse-Argonne offensive, November 5 to 10, 1918
  12. Meuse-Argonne offensive November 5 to 9, 1918

The 42nd Infantry Division was assigned to:

Commanders:

  • Major-General William A. Mann Sep, 1917 to Dec 14, 1917
  • Major General Charles T. Menoher, Dec 14, 1917 to Nov 7, 1918
  • Major General Charles D. Rhodes, Nov 7, 1918 to Nov 11, 1918
  • Colonel Douglas MacArthur, Chief of Staff

For now, we are not anticipating creating categories for units smaller than the regiment, i.e. battalions, companies, platoons, so while you should note that in the biography section of the profile, add the profile to the regiment, which should be listed below.

Primary subordinate units were:

  • 83rd Infantry Brigade
  • 84th Infantry Brigade
  • 67th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Headquarters Division
    • Headquarters Troop (2nd Louisiana Cavalry)
    • Headquarters Military Police (Virginia C. A. C.)
    • 117th Field Signal Battalion (Missouri)
    • 117th Ammunition Train (Kansas)
    • 117th Supply Train (Texas)
    • 149th Machine Gun Battalion (4th Pennsylvania)
  • Ordnance Detachment
  • 117th Sanitary Train
    • Ambulance Section
      • 165th Ambulance Co. (1st New Jersey)
      • 166th Ambulance Co. (1st Tennessee)
      • 167th Ambulance Co. (1st Oklahoma)
      • 168th Ambulance Co. (1st Michigan)
    • Hospital Section
      • 165th Field Hospital Corps (1st Dist. of Columbia)
      • 166th Field Hospital Corps (1st Nebraska)
      • 167th Field Hospital Corps (1st Oregon)
      • 168th Field Hospital Corps (1st Colorado)

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