Category: Ashkenazi Jews

Categories: Jewish History | Jewish Diaspora | Israel


A part of Jewish Diaspora

Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim, are the Jews descended from the medieval Jewish communities along the Rhine in Germany from Alsace in the south to the Rhineland in the north.

The name Ashkenazi derives from the biblical figure of Ashkenaz, the first son of Gomer, and a Japhetic patriarch in the Table of Nations (Genesis 10). In the rabbinic literature, the kingdom of Ashkenaz was first associated with the Scythian region, then later with the Slavic territories, and, from the 11th century onwards, with northern Europe and Germany. The Jews living in these regions associated with Ashkenaz's kingdom thus came to call themselves the Ashkenazi. Later, Jews from Western and Central Europe also came to be called Ashkenazi because the main centers of Jewish learning were located in Germany.

Many Ashkenazi Jews later migrated, largely eastward, forming communities in non German-speaking areas, including Bohemia, Hungary, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Romania, and elsewhere between the 11th and 19th centuries. With them, they took and diversified Yiddish, a High German language written using the Hebrew alphabet. It had developed in medieval times as the lingua franca among Ashkenazi Jews. The Jewish communities of three cities along the Rhine: Speyer, Worms and Mainz, created the SHUM league (SHUM after the first Hebrew letters of Shpira, Vermayza, and Magentza). The ShUM-cities are considered the cradle of the distinct Ashkenazi culture and liturgy.

Although in the 11th century, they composed only three percent of the world's Jewish population, at their peak in 1931, Ashkenazi Jews accounted for 92 percent of the world's Jews. Today they make up approximately 80 percent of Jews worldwide. Most Jewish communities with extended histories in Europe are Ashkenazim, with the exception of those associated with the Mediterranean region. The majority of the Jews who migrated from Europe to other continents in the past two centuries are Ashkenazim, Eastern Ashkenazim in particular.

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18 Apr 1867 Свеаборг, Российская империя - 29 Jun 1941
27 Jan 1855 Глубокое, Дисненский уезд, Виленская губерния, Российская империя - 02 Jul 1937
06 Jul 1928 Самара, Куйбышевская Область, Россия, Советский Союз - 25 Sep 2022
12 Jan 1893 Курск, Российская империя - 12 Nov 1976
01 Jan 1920 Одеса, Одеський повіт, Херсонська губернія, Российская империя - 05 Feb 1984
17 Apr 1903 Катеринослав, Катеринославський, Катеринославська, Российская империя - 06 Aug 1976 photo
04 Sep 1894 Олександрія, Олександрійський повіт, Херсонська губернія, Российская империя - 13 Jun 1974
27 Feb 1928 Харьковская, Украина, Советский Союз - 29 May 1993
1833 באברויסק, רוסלענדישע אימפעריע - 1916
18 Nov 1849 Одеса, Херсонська, Российская империя - 29 Oct 1916 photo
19 Jun 1878 Tomsk, Россия - 02 Aug 1938
31 Mar 1810 ביאליסטאק, גראדנער גובערניע, רוסלענדישע אימפעריע - 15 May 1904
abt 1765 הרוביעשאָוו, פויליש-ליטווישע קאמאנוועלט - 03 Feb 1842

A

16 Sep 1694 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland - 1758
05 May 1902 Magyarország - 01 Apr 1971
01 Mar 1909 New York, United States - 03 Oct 1986
05 Apr 1863 Magyarország - 02 Dec 1925
25 Nov 1905 Hamburg, Freie und Hansestadt, Deutsches Reich - 28 May 1979 photo
14 Dec 1908 Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States - 28 Oct 1996 photo
abt 1869 Minsk, Russian Empire - 03 Jun 1954
15 May 1923 New York City, New York, United States - 01 Oct 2004 photo
14 Feb 1869 Beuthen, Schlesien, Preußen, Deutschland - abt 14 Feb 1917
abt 1832 Breslau, Schlesien, Preußen, Deutscher Bund - abt 1889
20 Aug 1928 Hamburg, Germany - 10 Mar 1986 photo
27 Mar 1905 Kattowitz, Schlesien, Preußen, Deutsches Reich - 15 May 1976 photo

B

abt 16 May 1888 Glazmanka, Dunaburg, Vitebsk, Russian Empire - 30 Nov 1937
18 Oct 1878 Strelno, Strelno, Posen, Prussia, German Empire - 25 Nov 1941
abt 1848
26 Apr 1926 Berlin, Germany - 26 Apr 1926
01 Mar 1857 Neueiche, Berlin, Brandenburg, Preußen
08 Jun 1933 New York, United States - 15 Aug 2008
12 Aug 1904 New York, United States - Jan 1982
09 Oct 1960 Long Island, New York, United States - 11 Dec 2008
1857 Sokołów Podlaski, Warsaw, Poland - 1908
09 Mar 1870 Pekin, Tazewell, Illinois, United States - 07 Mar 1949
01 Mar 1922 סטאַניסלאוו, Województwo stanisławowskie, פולין - 01 May 2022
07 Aug 1893 Dunbar, Fayette, Pennsylvania, USA - aft 1976
29 May 1876 Suchowola, Grodno, Russia now Suchowola, Bialystok, Poland - 23 May 1944
10 Oct 1897 Suchedniów, Kielce, Kielce, Poland - 08 Nov 1993 photo
abt 11 Sep 1878 Suchowola, Poland - 01 Jun 1943 photo
abt 1861 Białystok Uyezd, Grodno Guberniya, Russian Empire - Oct 1908
bef 1881 Białystok, Poland - abt 1945
abt 1860 Poland - 26 May 1942
31 Mar 1905 Sztabin, Augustów, Suwałki, Russia - 30 Jul 1972
28 May 1892 Bialystok, Russia - 30 Jan 1976
26 Feb 1882 Szczuczyn, Grajewo, Białystok, Poland - bef 1940
1887 Siemiatycze, Białystok Voivodeship, Poland
02 Jun 1884 Suchowola, Grodno, Russia - 06 Jan 1944
1856 Ciechanów, Poland - 03 Jul 1908
abt 1889 Poland - 13 Oct 1963
15 Oct 1893 Wasosz, Poland - 16 Aug 1983 photo
15 Aug 1896 Ławsk, Grajewo, Białystok, Poland - 24 May 1956
abt 1855 - 1912
15 Aug 1895 Poland - 11 Nov 1959
abt 1830 Poland - abt 1890
abt 1830 Poland - 1918
abt 1887 Poland - abt 06 Jul 1940
08 Feb 1895 Białystok, Poland - 06 Aug 1977
abt 1880 - abt 1928 photo
aft 1798 Poland
abt 1775 Poland
aft 1799 Poland - bef 1888
bef 1855 Siemiatycze, Białystok Voivodeship, Poland - 27 Jul 1903
abt 1868 Poland - bef 1920
25 Jan 1834 Zutphen, Gelderland, Netherlands - 1898

B cont.

16 Jun 1866 Wageningen, Gelderland, Netherlands - 14 May 1943
29 Sep 1820 Rotterdam, Holland, Nederland - 04 Jun 1849
29 Aug 1839 Rotterdam, Holland, Nederland - 10 Nov 1892
14 Sep 1841 Deutschland - 09 Jul 1919
21 Aug 1869 Deutschland - 15 Jan 1963
27 Feb 1821 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland - 01 Mar 1879
04 Sep 1906 Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States - 29 May 1988
11 May 1829 Bayern, Deutschland - 16 Jun 1895
abt 10 May 1896 Płońsk, Płońsk Uyezd, Płock Guberniya, Russian Empire - Dec 1980 photo

C

10 Mar 1875 Januschpol, Volhynia, Ukraine, Russia - 07 May 1960 photo
1783 London, England - 05 Sep 1850
07 Nov 1906 New York, United States - Feb 1986
18 Jun 1913 Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States - 15 Jan 1993

D

abt 1855 Nidda, Büdingen, Hessen, Germany - 18 Mar 1922
1818 Nidda, Büdingen, Oberhessen, Hessen, Germany - 24 Sep 1901
1852 Nidda, Büdingen, Oberhessen, Hessen, Germany - 1926
1845 Nidda, Hesse, Germany - aft 1920
04 Jan 1968 Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 11 Sep 2001 photo
08 Dec 1912 New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, United States - 13 Jun 2002
25 Apr 1851 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Seine, France - 10 Dec 1903
27 Jul 1851 St George Hanover Square, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom - 19 Nov 1890 photo
22 Sep 1846 - 22 Dec 1850
29 Jun 1818 London, England, United Kingdom - 06 Feb 1874 photo
23 Jun 1843 - 21 Dec 1843
02 Jul 1812 London, England, United Kingdom - 19 Feb 1870 photo
24 Apr 1822 Rotterdam, Holland, Nederland - 07 Apr 1891
16 Apr 1866 Hoboken, Pittsfield, Otsego, New York, United States - 29 Jun 1936

E

abt 1855 Austrian Empire - abt 1888
abt 1934 Rīga, Rīga, Latvia - abt 1941
abt 1930 Riga, Latvia - abt 1941
06 Nov 1933 Riga, Latvia - Nov 1941
12 Dec 1919 Riga, Latvia - abt Nov 1941 photo
20 Jan 1923 Riga, Latvia - 17 Jul 1978 photo
20 Feb 1921 Riga, Latvia - abt Nov 1941 photo
17 Apr 1870 Frankfurt, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, Germany - 26 Jul 1923
17 Sep 1900 Königsberg, East Prussia, Prussia, German Empire - 13 Sep 1962 photo
1852 Mainz, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire - 1916
07 Sep 1818 Mainz, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire - 28 Apr 1875
1938 - 01 Dec 2023

F

19 Jul 1905 Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 28 Jun 1964
16 Mar 1906 New York, United States - Nov 1983
07 Oct 1875 Österreich - 13 Sep 1941
04 Jan 1936 New York, United States - 05 Mar 2010
30 Nov 1826 Deutscher Bund - 23 Oct 1912
24 Apr 1880 Ostpreußen, Preußen, Deutschland - 06 May 1937 photo
02 May 1838 - 12 Jan 1899
1698 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland - 07 Jan 1751
1735 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland - 24 Mar 1808
02 Oct 1920 Göttingen, Hannover, Preußen, Deutschland - 03 Jun 2000
19 Dec 1916 Berlin, Brandenburg, Preußen, Deutsches Reich - 26 Aug 2003
07 May 1888 Berlin, Brandenburg, Preußen, Deutsches Reich - 08 Apr 1977
25 Aug 1880 Berlin, Brandenburg, Preußen, Deutsches Reich - 07 Dec 1933
11 Mar 1846 Landsberg an der Warthe, Brandenburg, Preußen, Deutscher Bund - 10 Jun 1903

G

29 Aug 1926 Richmond, Virginia, United States - 25 Jun 2020
08 Nov 1894 Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America - Aug 1961
30 Jul 1935 Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 21 Nov 2009
02 May 1902 Elsaß-Lothringen, Deutschland - 19 Jun 1983
14 Jan 1899 Frankfurt, Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden, Provinz Hessen-Nassau, Preußen - 13 Mar 1987 photo
02 Apr 1881 Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland - 26 Feb 1943
23 Jan 1833 Brummen, Gelderland, Netherlands - aft 1902 photo
04 Apr 1868 Muntok, Bangka Barat, South Sumatra, Indonesia - 05 Mar 1943
05 May 1871 Overbetuwe, Gelderland, Netherlands - 14 Jan 1943
1805 Brummen, Gelderland, Netherlands - abt 02 Aug 1885
06 Sep 1819 Rhienderen, Brummen, Gelderland, Netherlands - 08 Aug 1880
19 Jun 1836 Gelderland, Nederland - 27 Aug 1903

G cont.

10 Sep 1898 Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States - 12 Feb 1977
1937 New York, United States - 27 May 2022
19 Jul 1929 New York City, New York, United States - 01 Dec 2004
abt 1873 Poland - abt 1926
26 Aug 1950 Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 08 Aug 2017
28 Feb 1955 Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 12 Apr 2022
14 Mar 1922 The Bronx, New York City, New York, United States - 08 Aug 1985
abt 1873 Poland - abt 1964
19 Mar 1885 Stanislau, Bezirk Stanislau, Galicia, Austria - 18 Jan 1961 photo
09 Mar 1927 Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 23 Feb 2004 photo
28 May 1862 Potsdam, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire - 17 Nov 1925
01 Sep 1864 Potsdam, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire - 25 Sep 1880
10 Jul 1860 Potsdam, Brandenburg, Prussia - 16 Jan 1949
16 May 1825 Betsche, Grand Duchy of Posen, Kingdom of Prussia - 03 Oct 1904
24 Dec 1857 Potsdam, Brandenburg, Prussia - 12 Feb 1858
09 Jul 1854 Ketzin, Havelland, Brandenburg, Germany - 14 Aug 1909
abt 1795 - 1880
06 Oct 1852 Ketzin, Osthavelland, Brandenburg, Prussia, Germany - 12 Aug 1932
27 Nov 1855 Ketzin, Brandenburg, Germany - 23 Jun 1880

H

1827 Schwerin, Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Empire - 28 Mar 1905
abt 1829
04 Dec 1859 Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire - 22 Apr 1930
1796 - 22 Mar 1881
22 Oct 1855 Kurfürstentum Hessen, Deutscher Bund - 05 Jan 1924
22 Feb 1856 - 05 Dec 1918
abt 1700 Miłosław, Wrzesiński County, Province of Poznań, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth photo
abt 1740 Miłosław, Kreis Wreschen, Province of Posen, Kingdom of Poland - 23 Jun 1822 photo
abt 1864 Przyrów, Częstochowa, Katowice, Poland

J

Living Jacobsthal
12 Jul 1894 Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire
22 Aug 1855 - 08 Feb 1905
06 Jan 1888 Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire - 25 Nov 1941
abt 1830
04 May 1890 Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire
1770 Miłosław, Wrzesiński County, Province of Poznań, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth - 1856 photo
10 May 1839 Grünberg, Grünberg, Liegnitz, Silesia, Prussia - 01 Nov 1903
abt 1775 Miłosław, Wrzesiński County, Province of Poznań, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth - 1847 photo
16 May 1842 Grünberg, Grünberg, Liegnitz, Silesia, Prussia - 11 Oct 1924
05 Nov 1890 Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia, German Empire - 13 Oct 1959 photo
17 Apr 1919 Marburg Hess, Federal Republic of Germany - 19 Sep 1989 photo
abt 1780 Miłosław, Wrzesiński County, Province of Poznań, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
25 Nov 1845 Grünberg, Grünberg, Liegnitz, Silesia, Prussia - 29 Nov 1927
1792 - 1868 photo
abt 1837
abt 1840
25 Jul 1841 Grünberg, Silesia, Prussia - 26 Oct 1911 photo
1789 Gnesen, Gnesen, Prussia - 21 Jul 1881
abt 1765 Miłosław, Wrzesiński County, Province of Poznań, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth - 1813 photo
abt 1835
1797 Grünberg, Liegnitz, Silesia - 1864
abt 1843 Grünberg, Grünberg, Liegnitz, Silesia, Prussia
22 Jan 1871 Stettin, Pommern, Preußen, Deutschland - 04 Jan 1942
02 Nov 1907 Georgia, United States - 04 Feb 1983
24 Dec 1904 Brăila, România - 28 Feb 2008

K

09 Apr 1925 New York City, New York, United States - 03 Feb 1995
19 Feb 1912 Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States - 15 Nov 1997
19 Dec 1912 Stroudsburg, [Tremont Township, Schuylkill Co.], Pennsylvania, United States - 10 Mar 1996 photo
11 May 1888 Philadelphia, PA - Mar 1974 photo
1980s Privacy Level: Private with Public Family Tree (Yellow) photo Active member2844
05 Jul 1862 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States - 09 Jun 1951 photo
03 Jan 1953 Pottstown, Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States - 17 Jan 2018 photo
22 Sep 1897 Riga, Livonia, Russian Empire - 1941 photo
 
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