Category: Battle of Bunker Hill

Categories: American Revolution Conflicts | This Day In History June 17

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Contents

Battle of Bunker Hill

Date: June 17, 1775
Location: Charlestown, Massachusetts (mostly on and around Breed's Hill)
When: during Siege of Boston early in the Revolution.
Victor: British pyrrhic victory
Loser: United Colonies
Territorial changes: British capture Charlestown peninsula


About

The battle is named after the adjacent Bunker Hill, which was peripherally involved in the battle and was the original objective of both colonial and British troops, and is occasionally referred to as the "Battle of Breed's Hill."

13 Jun 1775: Leaders of the colonial forces attacking Boston learne British generals plan to send troops from the city to occupy the unoccupied hills surrounding the city. In response, 1,200 colonial troops under William Prescott's command occupy Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill. They construct an earthen redoubt on Breed's Hill, and build lightly fortified lines across most of Charlestown Peninsula.

14 Jun 1775: British alerted of rebels position. They mount an attack. After two assaults on colonial lines are repulsed with heavy British casualties, the British capture the positions on the third assault, after defenders in the redoubt run out of ammunition. Colonial forces retreat to Cambridge over Bunker Hill, taking significant losses at Bunker Hill.

British win with heavy losses: 800+ wounded and 226 killed, including a large number of officers.

The battle is seen as an example of a Pyrrhic victory, due to modest, immediate gain (capture of Bunker Hill) that did not significantly change the state of the siege. At the same time, cost (loss of nearly a third of deployed forces) was high. Colonial forces retreated and regrouped in good order with fewer casualties. Furthermore, the battle demonstrated that relatively inexperienced colonial forces were willing and able to stand up to regular army troops in a pitched battle. (1)


United Colonies

Connecticut
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island

Commanders and leaders:

Israel Putnam - "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
William Prescott
Joseph Warren † (Warren declined command and fought as an individual)
John Stark
Strength: about 2,400
Casualties and losses: 115 killed, 305 wounded, 30 captured (20 POWs died), Total: 450

Great Britain

Commanders and leaders:

  • British Army:
William Howe
Sir Robert Pigot
James Abercrombie +
John Pitcairn †
Henry Clinton
  • Royal Navy:
Samuel Graves
Strength: 3,000+
Casualties and losses: 226 killed (including 19 officers), 828 soldiers wounded (including 62 officers), Total: 1,054

Images



People or pages in Battle of Bunker Hill

There are 73 profiles on this category page.

A

B

C

C cont.

  • Asa Cram 4 Apr 1746 Wilton, Hillsborough, New Hampshire - 16 Jul 1775
  • Jonathan Cram Jr 29 Jan 1737 Hampton Falls, Rockingham, New Hampshire - 14 Oct 1806

D

E

  • Elijah Elmer 3 Oct 1753 Hinsdale, New Hampshire Colony - 28 Dec 1833

F

G

H

  • Jonas Haynes 26 Apr 1759 Sudbury, Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 21 Dec 1835
  • Jeffrey Hemenway 1737 - 15 Aug 1819
  • Joseph Hood 2 Feb 1746 Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts - 21 Oct 1795

J

  • George Johnston 19 Mar 1764 Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland - 5 Jan 1823
  • David Jones 1748 Wrentham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 27 Mar 1822

K

L

M

P

  • Robert Parker 20 Jan 1719 Groton, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - 30 Sep 1775
  • William Perley 11 Feb 1735 East Boxford, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 29 Mar 1812
  • Abel Pettibone 17 Dec 1727 Simsbury, Ct. - May 1815
  • Seth (Pomroy) Pomeroy 20 May 1706 Northampton, Hampshire, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 19 Feb 1777
  • Moses Poor 10 Mar 1742 Newbury,Essex,MA - 17 Jun 1775
  • Francis Powers 15 Jul 1742 Hollis, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire - 1796
  • Thomas Pratt 1740 Hollis, Hillsborough, New Hampshire - 17 Aug 1829
  • Israel Putnam 7 Jan 1718 Salem Village, Essex, Massachusetts, New England - 29 May 1790

R

  • Jeremiah Roberts 17 Nov 1753 Somersworth, Strafford, New Hampshire - 21 Sep 1846

S

  • Thomas Sawyer 6 Feb 1739 Bolton, Worcester, Massachusetts Bay - 12 Mar 1796
  • William Shearer abt 1756 Palmer, Hampden, Massachusetts, USA - 6 Nov 1826
  • Edward Spalding 17 Oct 1736 Hudson, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, British Colonial America - 17 Jun 1775
  • Levi Spalding 23 Oct 1727 Hudson Hillsborough County New Hampshire - 1 Mar 1825
  • Abner Stocking Sr. 1 Apr 1730 Middle Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut - 14 Jan 1816
  • Jesse Story Jr. before 15 Aug 1756 Ipswich, Essex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 17 Jun 1775

T

  • Stephen Temple 15 May 1731 Worcester, Worcester County, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 20 Feb 1809
  • Seth Tombling 10 May 1709 Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts - 23 Feb 1797
  • Peter Tyler abt 1715 - 1763

W

  • Pelatiah Warren aft 1750 Berwick, York, Maine
  • Jacob Wellman 13 May 1746 Hillsboro, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, USA - 20 Apr 1834
  • Thomas Wheat 7 Jul 1750 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts - 17 Jun 1775
  • Chase Whitcher 6 Oct 1753 Salisbury, Essex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay - Feb 1836
  • Daniel Wilkins abt 1744 Amherst, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire - Jul 1776
  • George Woolsey Sr. abt 1748 Bedford,Westchester,New York,British Colony - abt 1817




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