Category: Battle of Fort Beausejour

Categories: French and Indian War Conflicts | Seven Years' War | New France Armed Forces

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Landing level category

The Battle and siege of Fort Beauséjour was fought on the Isthmus of Chignecto and marked the end of Father Le Loutre's War and the opening of a British offensive in the Acadia/ Nova Scotia theatre of the Seven Years' War, which would eventually lead to the end the French Empire in North America. The battle also reshaped the settlement patterns of the Atlantic region, and laid the groundwork for the modern province of New Brunswick.

Beginning June 3, 1755, a British army under Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Monckton staged out of nearby Fort Lawrence, besieged the small French garrison at Fort Beauséjour with the goal of opening the Isthmus of Chignecto to British control. Control of the isthmus was crucial to the French because it was the only gateway between Quebec and Louisbourg during the winter months. After two weeks of siege, Louis Du Pont Duchambon de Vergor, the fort's commander, capitulated on June 16. The Band song, "Acadian Driftwood" talks about this moment which led to the Expulsion of the Acadians:

The war was over and the spirit was broken
The hills were smokin' as the men withdrew
We stood on the cliffs
Oh, and watched the ships
Slowly sinking to their rendezvous
They signed a treaty and our homes were taken
Loved ones forsaken
They didn't give a damn
Try'n' to raise a family
End up the enemy
Over what went down on the Plains of Abraham
[Here, the songwriter Robbie Robertson uses a better known battle in Canadian History, which occurred in Quebec; he knew better - but it rhymed.]

This battle is not to be confused with the Battle of Fort Cumberland which occurred at the same location in 1776.


Person Profiles (5)

26 Sep 1701 Milton, Norfolk, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 07 Dec 1755
bef 1719 Ireland - 01 Nov 1786
14 Dec 1709 Plymouth, England - 19 Oct 1760 photo
24 Jun 1726 Yorkshire, England - 21 May 1782 photo
26 Mar 1725 Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts - abt Jun 1755

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