Category: Battle of Monmouth

Categories: American Revolution Conflicts | This Day In History June 28

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Battle of Monmouth

Date: June 28, 1778
Location: Monmouth County, New Jersey.

About

Washington Rallying the Troops at Monmouth

The Continental Army under Gen. Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). It is sometimes known as the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse.

Unsteady handling of lead Continental elements by Major General Charles Lee had allowed British rearguard commander Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis to seize the initiative but Washington's timely arrival on the battlefield rallied the Americans along a hilltop hedgerow. Sensing the opportunity to smash the Continentals, Cornwallis pressed his attack and captured the hedgerow in stifling heat. Washington consolidated his troops in a new line on heights behind marshy ground, used his artillery to fix the British in their positions, then brought up a four gun battery under Major General Nathanael Greene on nearby Combs Hill to enfilade the British line, requiring Cornwallis to withdraw. Finally, Washington tried to hit the exhausted British rear guard on both flanks, but darkness forced the end of the engagement. Both armies held the field, but the British commanding General Clinton withdrew undetected at midnight to resume his army's march to New York City.

While Cornwallis protected the main British column from any further American attack, Washington had fought his opponent to a standstill after a pitched and prolonged engagement; the first time that Washington's army had achieved such a result. The battle demonstrated the growing effectiveness of the Continental Army after its six month encampment at Valley Forge, where constant drilling under officers such as Major General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben and Major General Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette greatly improved army discipline and morale. The battle improved the military reputations of Washington, Lafayette and Anthony Wayne but ended the career of Charles Lee, who would face court martial at Englishtown for his failures on the day. According to some accounts, an American soldier's wife, Mary Hays, brought water to thirsty soldiers in the June heat, and became one of several women associated with the legend of Molly Pitcher. (1)

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People or pages in Battle of Monmouth

There are 68 profiles on this category page.

A

  • Darius Adams 11 Feb 1761 Preston City, New London, Connecticut - 11 Jul 1778

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  • Isaac Carter abt 1764 Cumberland, Cumberland, North Carolina, - 24 Mar 1834
  • Isaac Chapin 10 Nov 1756 Heath, Franklin, Massachusetts Bay - 26 Mar 1835
  • Caleb Clark 4 Apr 1757 Newmarket Rockingham County New Hampshire - 17 May 1837
  • Thomas Clark abt 1753 Elizabeth, Essex, Colony of New Jersey - 13 May 1789
  • William Clark 1735 Delaware - 1783
  • Edmund Walker Clement 18 Sep 1759 Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia - 17 Jul 1845
  • William Colgan abt 1760 American Colonies - 25 Oct 1837
  • Eyre Coote abt 20 May 1759 Ireland - 10 Dec 1823
  • James Cox 16 Oct 1753 Monmouth, New Jersey - 12 Sep 1810

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  • Joseph Dimmick 2 Mar 1734 Falmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts - 21 Sep 1822

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  • Henry LeBosquet 21 Feb 1763 Charlestown,Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - abt 1813
  • John LeBosquet 20 Dec 1737 Charlestown, Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - 8 Feb 1803
  • John LeBosquet Jr. 15 Oct 1761 Charlestown, Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - 31 Jan 1844
  • John Littlefield 1 Jun 1758 Wells, York, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 11 Mar 1790
  • William Logan Sr before 14 Jul 1749 Kerr Creek, Augusta County, Virginia - 17 Jul 1796
  • Mary (Ludwig) McCauley 13 Oct 1744 Trenton, New Jersey - 22 Jan 1832

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  • Darby McGannon 18 May 1756 Virginia - 1 Feb 1830
  • James McNair 16 Nov 1746 Campbeltown, Argyll, Scotland - 18 Jun 1778
  • Edmund Munroe 2 Feb 1736 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 28 Jun 1778
  • George Munroe III 10 May 1733 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Province - 28 Jun 1778

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  • Basile Pierre Nadeau 1 Apr 1754 Berthier-sur-Mer (Berthier-en-Bas), Canada, Nouvelle-France - 11 Jul 1841

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