Category: Battle of Monmouth

Categories: Conflicts, American Revolution | This Day In History June 28

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Battle of Monmouth

Date: June 28, 1778
Location: Monmouth County, New Jersey.

About

The Continental Army under Gen. Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). It is sometimes known as the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse.

Unsteady handling of lead Continental elements by Major General Charles Lee had allowed British rearguard commander Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis to seize the initiative but Washington's timely arrival on the battlefield rallied the Americans along a hilltop hedgerow. Sensing the opportunity to smash the Continentals, Cornwallis pressed his attack and captured the hedgerow in stifling heat. Washington consolidated his troops in a new line on heights behind marshy ground, used his artillery to fix the British in their positions, then brought up a four gun battery under Major General Nathanael Greene on nearby Combs Hill to enfilade the British line, requiring Cornwallis to withdraw. Finally, Washington tried to hit the exhausted British rear guard on both flanks, but darkness forced the end of the engagement. Both armies held the field, but the British commanding General Clinton withdrew undetected at midnight to resume his army's march to New York City.

While Cornwallis protected the main British column from any further American attack, Washington had fought his opponent to a standstill after a pitched and prolonged engagement; the first time that Washington's army had achieved such a result. The battle demonstrated the growing effectiveness of the Continental Army after its six month encampment at Valley Forge, where constant drilling under officers such as Major General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben and Major General Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette greatly improved army discipline and morale. The battle improved the military reputations of Washington, Lafayette and Anthony Wayne but ended the career of Charles Lee, who would face court martial at Englishtown for his failures on the day. According to some accounts, an American soldier's wife, Mary Hays, brought water to thirsty soldiers in the June heat, and became one of several women associated with the legend of Molly Pitcher. (1)

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Subcategories

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People or pages in Battle of Monmouth

There are 38 profiles on this category page.

B

  • John Bailey abt 30 Oct 1730 Hanover, Plymouth, Massachusetts USA - abt 27 Oct 1810
  • Richard Bailey abt 1735 Northern Ireland - abt 18 Nov 1811
  • John Barnes abt 1 Jul 1741 Kennett Square, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States - abt Feb 1822
  • Phillip Casper Bowman 25 Oct 1755 North Atlantic Ocean, sailing for, United States - 17 Jan 1845
  • William Brandon abt 23 May 1746 Pennsylvania, Somerset, Pennsylvania, United States - abt 10 Mar 1818
  • Reuben Buckingham 29 Aug 1745 Saybrook, Middlesex, Connecticut - 4 Feb 1828

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  • Isaac Carter abt 1764 Cumberland, Cumberland, North Carolina, - 24 Mar 1834
  • Isaac Chapin 10 Nov 1756 Heath, Franklin, Massachusetts, USA - 26 Mar 1835
  • Eyre Coote before 20 May 1759 - 10 Dec 1823
  • James Cox 16 Oct 1753 Monmouth, New Jersey - 12 Sep 1810

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  • John Davis abt 1758 Shirley, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 8 Feb 1827
  • Waitstill Dickinson 17 Apr 1750 Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States - abt 1792

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  • Elisha Garland Jun 1763 Halifax, North Carolina, United States - 24 May 1836
  • Charles Grey KB, PC before 23 Oct 1729 Howick Hall, Howick, Northumberland, England - 14 Nov 1807

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  • Ephraim Hays 15 Feb 1747 Bridgewater Township, Somerset, New Jersey - 12 Jul 1826
  • Richard Bond Howell 25 Oct 1754 Newark, New Castle, Delaware - 28 Apr 1802

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  • Henry LeBosquet 21 Feb 1763 Charlestown,Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - abt 1813
  • John LeBosquet 20 Dec 1737 Charlestown, Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - 8 Feb 1803
  • John LeBosquet Jr. 15 Oct 1761 Charlestown, Suffolk, Providence of Massachusetts Colony - 31 Jan 1844
  • William Logan (Sr.) before 14 Jul 1749 Kerr Creek, Augusta County, Virginia - 17 Jul 1796

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  • Edmund Munroe 2 Feb 1736 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 28 Jun 1778

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