Category: Battles of Lexington and Concord

Categories: Conflicts, American Revolution | This Day In History April 19

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Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge, near Boston. They marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the thirteen colonies on the mainland of British North America.

About 700 British Army regulars, under Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith, were given secret orders to capture and destroy military supplies that were reportedly stored by the Massachusetts militia at Concord. Through effective intelligence gathering, Patriot colonials had received word weeks before the expedition that their supplies might be at risk and had moved most of them to other locations. They also received details about British plans on the night before the battle and were able to rapidly notify the area militias of the enemy movement.

The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. The militia were outnumbered and fell back, and the regulars proceeded on to Concord, where they searched for the supplies. At the North Bridge in Concord, approximately 500 militiamen fought and defeated three companies of the King's troops. The outnumbered regulars fell back from the minutemen after a pitched battle in open territory.

More militiamen arrived soon thereafter and inflicted heavy damage on the regulars as they marched back towards Boston. Upon returning to Lexington, Smith's expedition was rescued by reinforcements under Brigadier General Hugh Percy. The combined force, now of about 1,700 men, marched back to Boston under heavy fire in a tactical withdrawal and eventually reached the safety of Charlestown. The accumulated militias blockaded the narrow land accesses to Charlestown and Boston, starting the Siege of Boston.

Ralph Waldo Emerson, in his "Concord Hymn", described the first shot fired by the Patriots at the North Bridge as the "shot heard 'round the world."(1)


Subcategories

There is one subcategory to this category.

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People or pages in Battles of Lexington and Concord

There are 102 profiles on this category page.

A

  • John Avery 9 Sep 1758 Dedham, Suffolk County, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt 29 Sep 1840

B

  • Moses Benson 20 May 1732 Mendon, Worcester, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 3 Jul 1806
  • James Bigelow Jr 8 Jan 1742 Weston, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - 27 Jan 1829
  • Solomon Bigelow 3 Nov 1742 Shrewsbury, Worcester, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 12 May 1808
  • Timothy Bigelow 2 Aug 1739 Worcester, Worcester, Massachusetts - 31 Mar 1790
  • Joel Boies Sr. 7 Jun 1753 Blandford, Hampden, Massachusetts - 28 Mar 1809
  • Ebenezer Bowman abt 20 Oct 1752 West Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts
  • John Bridge Jr. 17 Dec 1737 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 6 Dec 1806
  • Joseph Bridge 9 May 1731 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 11 Sep 1775
  • Eleazer Brooks 10 Sep 1727 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 9 Nov 1806
  • Francis Brown 22 Jan 1738 Lexington, Middlesex Co, MA - 21 Apr 1800
  • James Brown 3 Oct 1758 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 3 Nov 1821
  • John Brown 12 Aug 1751 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 19 Apr 1775
  • Solomon Brown 15 Jan 1757 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 1817

C

D

  • Ezekiel Davis 8 Jun 1753 Acton, Middlesex, Massachusetts - abt 18 Feb 1820
  • Isaac Davis 23 Feb 1745 Acton, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 19 Apr 1775
  • William Diamond 21 Jul 1758 Boston, Massachusetts - 29 Jul 1828
  • Waitstill Dickinson 17 Apr 1750 Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States - abt 1792

F

  • Nathaniel Farmer 27 Jan 1726 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 23 Sep 1778
  • Joseph Fiske 25 Dec 1752 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 25 Sep 1837

G

  • Solomon Goodell 11 Aug 1743 Grafton, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • John Gould 5 Mar 1745 Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay - 26 Jun 1816

H

J

  • Aaron Jewett 5 Mar 1740 Littleton, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay
  • Aquila Jewett 20 Feb 1731 Littleton, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay
  • Daniel Jewett 24 Feb 1744 Manchester, Essex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 30 Mar 1829
  • Ezra Jewett Jr. 3 Jan 1741 Littleton, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Nov 1777
  • Joseph Jewett 15 Jun 1740 Littleton, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 25 Aug 1814
  • Joseph Jewett 13 Dec 1732 North Lyme, New London, Connecticut Colony - 29 Aug 1776
  • Maximilian Jewett 16 Jun 1741 Littleton, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 16 Aug 1823
  • Oliver Jewett 24 Feb 1747 Pepperell, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 22 Aug 1829
  • Stephen Jewett 28 Nov 1743 Rowley, Essex, Province of Massachusetts Bay

K

L

  • Levi Lincoln Sr. 15 May 1749 Hingham, Massachusetts - 14 Apr 1820
  • Josiah Locke 6 Feb 1735 Westboro, Worcester, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Apr 1819
  • Joseph Lowell 8 May 1720 Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts - 20 Oct 1778

M

  • Timothy Meriam 29 Sep 1757 Concord, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 17 Sep 1833
  • Moses Montague 17 Nov 1724 Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts - 18 Dec 1792
  • John Munroe 30 Mar 1731 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts
  • Robert Munroe 4 May 1712 Cambridge Farms, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 19 Apr 1775

M cont.

N

O

P

  • Ebenezer Parker 13 Aug 1750 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 19 Oct 1839
  • John Parker 13 Jul 1729 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 17 Sep 1775
  • Asahel Porter abt 1752 Lebanon, New London, CT - 19 Apr 1775

S

T

  • Aaron Taft 12 Apr 1727 Uxbridge, Worcester, Massachusetts - 5 Nov 1805
  • Abner Taft 28 Dec 1736 Uxbridge, Worcester, Massachusetts - 30 May 1809
  • Samuel Thatcher abt 1755 Massachusetts
  • John Tidd 26 Oct 1749 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 29 Mar 1812
  • William Tidd 11 Jul 1736 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 25 Dec 1826
  • Seth Tombling 10 May 1709 Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts - 23 Feb 1797
  • Daniel Townsend 26 Dec 1738 Lynn, Essex Co, Massachusetts Colony - 19 Apr 1775

V

  • Joel Viles 14 Dec 1743 Waltham, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 5 Jan 1817

W

  • Enoch Wellington 1 Sep 1756 Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 5 Aug 1817
  • Jonas Wheeler Jr abt 25 Jan 1746 Concord, Middlesex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt May 1825
  • John Whetcomb Sr., Esq. abt 20 Feb 1712 Lancaster, Worcester, Massachusetts - 17 Nov 1785
  • James Whipple III 23 Nov 1737 Grafton, Worcester, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 28 Jul 1808
  • John White 18 Sep 1757 Mansfield, Bristol, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 21 Dec 1846
  • Rand White 15 Oct 1751 Leicester, Worcester County, Massachusetts - 20 Sep 1809
  • Pelatiah Whittemore 3 Mar 1740 Malden, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - abt 1808
  • Samuel Whittemore JR 27 Jul 1757 New Ipswich, Hillsborough, New Hampshire - 26 Aug 1810
  • John Winship 12 May 1754 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 9 Oct 1822
  • Thomas Winship 25 Oct 1729 Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 24 Aug 1796
  • Sylvanus Wood 27 Jan 1749 Woburn, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 12 Aug 1840
  • Samuel Worthen 26 Apr 1739 Hampstead, New Hampshire, British Colonial America - 10 Jul 1815
  • James Wyman 18 Jun 1741 Woburn, Middlesex, Massachusetts - 13 Nov 1822




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