Category: Colonial Naval Forces

Categories: Royal Australian Navy | Australia, Military History | Colonial Australia 1788-1900

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Until federation in 1901, each of the six colonial governments that are now Australian States was responsible for the defence of their own colony. From 1788 until 1870 this was done with British forces and ships. Each of the Australian colonies gained responsible government between 1855 and 1890, and while the colonial office in London retained control of some affairs, the governors of these British colonies were required to raise their own colonial militia and naval forces, exclusively from 1870 onwards. The eastern mainland colonies jointly sponsored and accepted the Jervois-Scratchley Reports and developed their defences about the reports. The separate colonial naval fleets were managed as the Australia Station, even for a while following Federation and the formation of the Royal Australian Navy.

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