Category: Democratic-Republican Political Party

Categories: US Political Parties


The Democratic-Republican Party, is the name used by political scientists to describe the political Party organized by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1791. Contemporary and historical sources call it the Republican Party. Historians also refer to the party as the Jeffersonian republicans, to distinguish it from the modern Republican Party, which was founded in 1854.

The organization formed first as an "Anti-Administration" secret meeting in Philadelphia, to contest elections and oppose the programs of Secretary for the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Jefferson needed to have a nationwide party to counteract the Federalists, a nationwide party organized by Hamilton. Foreign affairs took a leading role in 1795 as the Republicans opposed the Jay Treaty with Britain, which was then at war with France. Republicans saw France as more democratic after its revolution, while Britain represented the hated monarchy. The party denounced many of Hamilton's measures (especially the national bank) as unconstitutional. Rad more on Wikipedia here.


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  • Thomas Jefferson 13 Apr 1743 Shadwell Plantation, Albemarle County, Virginia Colony - 4 Jul 1826




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