Category: Hindu Gurus

Categories: Hinduism

This category contains profiles of those who were Hindu gurus.

Guru, (Sanskrit: “venerable”) in Hinduism, a personal spiritual teacher or guide. From at least the mid-1st millennium bce, when the Upanishads (speculative commentaries on the Vedas, the revealed scriptures of Hinduism) were composed, India has stressed the importance of the tutorial method in religious instruction. In the educational system of ancient India, knowledge of the Vedas was personally transmitted through oral teachings from the guru to his pupil (pupils were always male in that period). Classically, the pupil lived at the home of his guru and served him with obedience and devotion.

Later, with the rise of the bhakti movement, which stressed devotion to a personalized deity, the guru was venerated as the leader or founder of any of a number of sects (many of which now included women and some of which had women gurus). The guru was also considered to be the living embodiment of the spiritual truth professed by the sect and thus was identified with the deity. See:

Person Profiles (12)

29 Jan 1896 Bajitpur, Faridpur District, East Bengal, India - 08 Feb 1941 photo
18 Feb 1836 Kamarpukur, Bengal, India - 16 Aug 1886 photo
12 Jan 1863 Calcutta, Bengal, India - 04 Jul 1902 photo
23 Mar 1923 Mannava, Guntūr, Andhra Pradesh, India - 12 Jun 1985 photo
30 Apr 1896 Kheora, Bengal, India - 27 Aug 1982 photo
15 Aug 1872 Calcutta, West Bengal, India - 05 Dec 1950 photo
05 Jan 1893 Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India - 07 Mar 1952 photo
17 Apr 1897 Bombay, British India, India - 08 Sep 1981 photo
10 May 1855 Serampore, West Bengal, British India - 09 Mar 1936 photo
30 Sep 1828 Ghurni, Bengal, India - 26 Sep 1895 photo
30 Dec 1879 Tiruchuli, Tamil Nadu, India - 14 Apr 1950 photo
1847 Satgachia, Bardhaman, West Bengal, India - 30 Oct 1919 photo

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