Category: Hinkle's Fort, Riverton, West Virginia

Categories: Riverton, West Virginia | United States Forts, Camps and Bases

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Fort Henckel, aka Hinkle’s Fort, was located deep in the Allegheny Mountains in West Augusta, western Virginia, when it was built in 1761-62 by Johann Justus Henckel (Hinkle), Sr. (706-1778), other members of his family with perhaps help from neighboring settlers. The location near Riverton, Pendleton County, West Virginia, in what is known as Germany Valley.


The fort was built as a protection for Henckel, his family, and other pioneers against the Native Americans who frequented the valley from time to time.


The fort may have been the only outpost in Pendleton County for the patriot forces during the American Revolutionary War. While it has been generally that recognized that John Justus Henckel, Sr. served as commander of the fort and furnished supplies to the troops of the Virginia Militia who were quartered there, solid primary proof of his service and that of the Virginia Militia who were headquatered there including the North Fork Military Company which had been organized by settlers early in the Revolutionary War.

HINKLE'S FORT (Germany Valley, Pendleton County, VA/WV)

Hinkle's Fort, built 1761-62, was located in Germany Valley, near Riverton. It was built by John Justus Henckel, Sr. (1706-1778), who came in 1760 from North Carolina with most of his twelve children, some with families, in search of a new home where Indians were less hostile and the soil more fertile. After a journey of weeks, they caught sight of their "promised land" when they reached the top of North Fork Mountain. Three sons, Abraham, Sr., John Justus, Jr., and Isaac, and three Teter son-in-laws were with him. John Justus, Sr. son of Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel, had immigrated to America in 1717 with his parents who settled near Philadelphia, PA. He later moved to North Carolina.
The fort was built as a protection against the Indians not only for the Hinkle family but for other settlers in the area. The settlement became know as Germany Valley because the families, all of German descent, conversed in their native German. Unlike Fort Seybert and Fort Upper Tract, Hinkle's Fort was spared destruction.
During the Revolutionary War, Hinkle's Fort became the only outpost in Pendleton County for the patriot forces. John Justus Henckel, Sr. had been officially recognized for his services as commander of the fort and in furnishing supplies to the troops (detachments of the Virginia Militia) quartered there. The fort was headquaters and training grounds for the North Fork Military Company which had been organized by settlers early in the Revolutionary War and whose first captains were son-in-laws and sons of John Justus Henckel, Sr. After the Revolutionary War and when danger of Indian raids was past, the fort was torn down and some of the timbers used to build a large house on the site.
The family of John Justus Henckel, Sr. became a leading one in the early settlement and history of Pendleton County. Most of his sons and grandsons served in county offices. Isaac Hinkle and his nephew, Moses Hinkle,were two of eleven justices commissioned by the governor of Virginia to organize the new county of Pendleton, 1788. Eleven years earlier, Isaac Hinkle had been similarly commissioned to assit in the formation of Rockingham County, VA.
Markers at the site of the fort and at the graves of John Justus Henckel, Sr. and wife were dedicated on September 19, 1936 at a Henckel family reunion with several hundred descendants from throughout the United States in attendance who came to pay a lasting tribute to the memory of one of their patriarchs.

Written and submitted by Sarah Hinkle Warner From Pendleton County, WV Past and Present, page 61

SOURCE:http://www.oocities.org/cblrkl/hinklefort.html


General Muster of Joseph Louis Cheuvront Fort Henckel Militia presided over by Johann Justus Henckel, Commander of Fort and 6 June 1775 Militia

Capt. John Skidmore Company

Johann Justus Henckel Jr. Moses Elsworth Jacob Henckel Adam Biewel (also may find records in the area under (Biebel-German for Bible) and Bible) Paul Teeter George Teeter Phillip Teeter Andrew Johnston Abraham Henckel Isaac Henckel Paul Henckel Moses Henckel Joseph Skidmore Martin Peterson James Cunningham Wm. Cunningham Christian Strely (Straley) Joseph Cheuvront Valentino Felty Castle Peter Challe Jacob Challe Joseph Bennett John Bennett Wm. Bennett Johann Biewel Wm. Gregg Jacob Rule Joseph Rule Robert Mennes Godfrey Bumgardner John Phearis (Phares) Thomas Miller Michel Miller George Miller Dan House Jacob House Matthias House George Dunkel Jon Dunkel Zach Weese Jon Weese Jacob Weese Jon Lambert Arthur Johnston John Smith Daniel Little Alex Robbins






(Please scroll down to read all of the names) General Muster of Fort Henckel Militia presided over by Johann Justus Henckel, Commander of Fort and 8 September 1775 Militia

Capt. John Skidmore Co. John Bennett

Johann Justus Henckel Jr. Moses Elsworth Jacob Henckel Adam Biewel Paul Teeter George Teeter Phillip Teeter Andrew Johnston Abraham Henckel Isaac Henckel Paul Henckel Moses Henckel Joseph Skidmore Martin Peterson James Cunningham Wm. Cunningham Christian Strely Joseph Cheuvront Valentino Felty Castle Peter Challe Jacob Challe Joseph Bennett John Bennett Wm. Bennett

Johann Biewel Wm. Gregg Jacob Rule Joseph Rule Robert Mennes Godfrey Bumgardner John Phearis Thomas Miller Michel Miller George Miller Dan House Jacob House Matthias House George Dunkel Jon Dunkel Zach Weese Jon Weese Jacob Weese Jon Lambert Andrew Johnston Jon Smith Daniel Little Alex Robbins signature of : Johann Justus Henckel, Commander (bottom right corner of page)

Source: 1775 Fort Hinckel Militia List, http://www.hackerscreek.com/cpage.php?pt=96


Person Profiles (6)

01 Feb 1757 Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, France - abt 12 Aug 1832 photo
02 Aug 1730 Macungie Creek, Bucks County, Pennsylvania - abt 18 Jan 1804
05 Dec 1754 Dutchman's Creek, Rowan County, North Carolina - 01 Nov 1824 photo
abt 10 Feb 1706 Daudenzell, Heiliges Römisches Reich - 17 Aug 1778
14 Mar 1733 Milford Township, Bucks, Province of Pennsylvania - 14 Feb 1779
abt 1732 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Commonwealth - abt 1784 photo




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