Category: House of Waldeck-Pyrmont

Categories: European Noble Houses

Landing level category for profiles of persons affiliated with this noble house.

Waldeck (or later Waldeck and Pyrmont) was a sovereign principality in the German Empire and German Confederation and, until 1929, a constituent state of the Weimar Republic. It comprised territories in present-day Hesse and Lower Saxony, (Germany).

Waldeck was a county within the Holy Roman Empire from about 1200. Its counts included Adolf II of Waldeck from 1270 to 1276. In 1655, its seat and the chief residence of its rulers shifted from the castle and small town of Waldeck, overlooking the Eder river and first mentioned in 1120, to Arolsen. In 1625, the small county of Pyrmont became part of the county through inheritance. In January 1712, the count of Waldeck and Pyrmont was elevated to prince by Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. For a brief period, 1805 to 1812, Pyrmont was a separate principality as a result of inheritance and partition after the death of the previous prince, but the two parts were united again in 1812. The independence of the principality was confirmed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, and Waldeck and Pyrmont became a member of the German Confederation. From 1868 onward, the principality was administered by Prussia, but retained its legislative sovereignty. Prussian administration served to reduce administrative costs for the small state and was based on a ten-year contract that was repeatedly renewed until Waldeck was formally absorbed into Prussia in 1929. In 1871, the principality became a constituent state of the new German Empire.

In 1905, Waldeck and Pyrmont had an area of 1121 km² and a population of 59,000.

At the end of World War I, and during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the prince abdicated and Waldeck and Pyrmont became a free state within the Weimar Republic. However, what had been Waldeck and Pyrmont's flag became the flag of the Weimar Republic, and later the Federal Republic of Germany.

The princely house of Waldeck and Pyrmont is closely related to the royal family of the Netherlands. The last ruling prince, Frederick, was the brother of Queen consort Emma of the Netherlands.

Person Profiles (9)

18 Aug 1831 Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau, German Confederation - 28 Oct 1888 photo
06 Jan 1858 Schloss Luisenlund, Kiel, Duchy of Schleswig - 02 Jul 1936 photo
14 Jan 1831 Arolsen, Waldeck-Pyrmont - 12 May 1893 photo
27 Jul 1854 - 05 Aug 1869
26 Jun 1892 Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont - 17 Oct 1914 photo
02 Aug 1858 Bad Arolsen, Kreis der Twiste, Waldeck, Deutscher Bund - 20 Mar 1934 photo
20 Jan 1865 Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont - 26 May 1946 photo
22 Dec 1899 Arolsen, Fürstentum Waldeck-Pyrmont, Deutsches Reich - 18 Feb 1948
19 Oct 1855 Arolsen, Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont - 03 Jul 1925 photo

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