Category: Israel

Categories: Asia

Parallel category hierarchies in other languages (en): en | he |
Name: Israel
Timeframe:(1947 - )
Wikipedia/WikiData:English wikipedia Q801
Map:OpenStreetMap Google
Map of Profiles:WikiTree+ Maps
See also:Ask questions in G2G using the tags Categorization

Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל

The State of Israel was reestablished on Nov 29, 1947

Previous to that the lands of Israel were in Palestine

See also Space:Administrative Divisions of Israel

Israel is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East region of western Asia, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea to the south, and it contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. In its Basic Laws Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State and it is the world's only Jewish-majority state.

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly recommended the adoption and implementation of the United Nations partition plan of Mandatory Palestine. On 14 May 1948 David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel), to be known as the "State of Israel," a state independent upon the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine, 15 May 1948. Neighboring Arab states invaded the next day in support of the Palestinian Arabs. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula (between 1967 and 1982), Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. Portions of these territories, including East Jerusalem, have been annexed by Israel, but the border with the neighboring West Bank has not yet been permanently defined. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have so far not resulted in peace.

Israel's financial centre is Tel Aviv, while Jerusalem is the country's most populous city and its capital (although not recognized internationally as such). The population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2012 to be 7,941,900 people, of whom 5,985,100 are Jewish. Arabs form the country's second-largest ethnic group with 1,638,500 people (including Druze and Bedouins). The great majority of Israeli Arabs are settled-Muslims, with smaller but significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins and Arab Christians. Other minorities include various ethnic and ethno-religious denominations such as Druze, Circassians, African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem, Samaritans, Maronites and others.

Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's unicameral legislative body. Israel has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. It is a developed country, an OECD member, and its economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 41st-largest in the world in 2011. Israel has the highest standard of living in the Middle East. Reference: Wikipedia:Israel

Subcategories (21)

Pages (1)

Person Profiles (10)

16 Aug 1913 Brest, Russian Empire - 09 Mar 1992 photo
16 Oct 1886 Płońsk, Poland - 01 Dec 1973 photo
20 Nov 1866 Alsfeld, Deutschland - 14 May 1948
20 May 1915 Degania Alef, Acre Sanjak, Ottoman Empire - 16 Oct 1981 photo
23 Jun 1915 Vienna, Austria - 17 Jul 2003
03 May 1898 Kiev, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire - 08 Dec 1978 photo
24 Oct 1784 Livorno, Granducato di Toscana, Italy - 28 Jul 1885 photo
02 Jun 1921 Lipa, Poland - 29 Sep 2018 photo
01 Mar 1922 Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine - 04 Nov 1995 photo
26 Feb 1903 Naini Tal, Uttarakhand, India - 24 Mar 1944 photo

This page was last modified 19:04, 30 March 2021. This page has been accessed 480 times.