Category: Massachusetts Bay Colony

Categories: New England Colonies | Colonial America | Massachusetts Bay Company | Dominion of New England | Province of New Hampshire | Province of Maine | Massachusetts History | 17th Century | Thirteen Colonies


Preceded by Newe-England Colony

Part of the Dominion of New England, 1686–1688

Succeeded by Province of Massachusetts Bay

Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1628–1684 de jure (1692 de facto)

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was an English settlement on the east coast of North America (Massachusetts Bay) in the 17th century, in New England, situated around the present-day cities of Salem and Boston. The territory administered by the colony included much of present-day central New England, including portions of the U.S. states of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Territory claimed but never administered by the colonial government extended as far west as the Pacific Ocean.

The colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which included investors in the failed Dorchester Company, which had in 1624 established a short-lived settlement on Cape Ann. The second attempt, the Massachusetts Bay Colony begun in 1628, was successful, with about 20,000 people migrating to New England in the 1630s. The population was strongly Puritan, and its governance was dominated by a small group of leaders who were strongly influenced by Puritan religious leaders. Although its governors were elected, the electorate were limited to freemen, who had been examined for their religious views and formally admitted to their church. As a consequence, the colonial leadership exhibited intolerance to other religious views, including Anglican, Quaker, and Baptist theologies.

Although the colonists initially had decent relationships with the local native populations, frictions arose over cultural differences, which were further exacerbated by Dutch colonial expansion. These led first to the Pequot War (1636–1638), and then to King Philip's War (1675–1676), after which most of the natives in southern New England had been pacified, killed, or driven away.

The colony was economically successful, engaging in trade with England and the West Indies. A shortage of hard currency in the colony prompted it to establish a mint in 1652. Ongoing political difficulties with England after the English Restoration led to the revocation of the colonial charter in 1684; King James II established the Dominion of New England in 1686 to bring all of the New England colonies under firmer crown control. The dominion collapsed after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 deposed James, and the colony reverted to rule under the revoked charter until 1692, when Sir William Phips arrived bearing the charter of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, which combined the Massachusetts Bay territories with those of the Plymouth Colony and proprietary holdings on Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The political and economic dominance of New England by the modern state of Massachusetts was made possible in part by the early dominance in these spheres by the Massachusetts Bay colonists. [1]

Subcategories (28)


Pages (4)


Person Profiles (198)

A

bef 1621 Somerset, England - abt 1690
abt 25 Oct 1653 Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 25 Feb 1690
06 Jul 1682 Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - bef 1782 photo
24 Feb 1647 Braintree, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 09 Mar 1691
20 Feb 1679 Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 29 Feb 1704
12 Mar 1684 Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 03 Sep 1751
abt 10 Jan 1656 Braintree, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 19 May 1676
19 Oct 1680 Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 20 Feb 1763
26 Nov 1648 West Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1710
16 Oct 1653 Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 24 Jul 1706
22 Jan 1646 Barnstable, Plymouth - 1678
1621 Cambridge, England - 28 Jun 1674
19 Aug 1678 Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay - 23 Jan 1755 photo
24 Apr 1654 Andover, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 12 Aug 1747 photo
1594 London, England - 13 Jul 1642
abt 30 Aug 1609 St Germans, Cornwall, England - abt 1673

B

abt 1634 Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts - abt 01 Dec 1696
11 Jun 1655 Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts - 14 Apr 1711
1657 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1760
abt 1641 Sandwich, Plymouth Colony - 06 Apr 1694
23 May 1649 Sandwich, Barnstable, Plymouth - 26 Mar 1676
1647 Sandwich, Barnstable, Plymouth
1643 Sandwich, Barnstable, Plymouth - 1699
abt 1609 London, England - bef 21 May 1657
abt 1639 Sandwich, Plymouth Colony - bef Mar 1679
1657 Sandwich, Plymouth Colony - 30 Sep 1746
20 Dec 1681 Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts Colony - 08 Mar 1770
abt 1623 Ruddington, Nottinghamshire, England - abt 04 Nov 1682
abt 1617 Ruddington, Nottinghamshire, England - 07 Dec 1683
abt 1626 Ruddington, Nottinghamshire, England - abt 23 Oct 1701
20 Feb 1660 Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - bef 10 Jun 1701
bef 18 Oct 1601 Claydon, Oxfordshire, England - bef 26 May 1673 photo
1611 England - 25 May 1663
abt Sep 1648 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay - 11 Aug 1727
08 Jan 1729 Norwich, Hampshire, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 16 Sep 1799
1654 Scituate, Plymouth, Plymouth - 29 Mar 1741
1776 Province of Massachusetts Bay - 1865

C

1620 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts - 1679 photo
abt 1610 England - aft 30 Oct 1678
22 Apr 1767 Hubbardston, Worcester, Massachusetts Bay - 17 Apr 1828
1642 Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1688
25 Sep 1678 Longmeadow, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay - 20 Jun 1754
abt 31 Jan 1687 Springfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial America - bef 10 Mar 1741 photo
08 Aug 1790 Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States - Feb 1880 photo
05 Nov 1689 Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire - 29 May 1731 photo
15 Jun 1695 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts - 17 Jul 1781
25 Aug 1679 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay - Jun 1741

D

06 Jun 1680 Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony
04 May 1742 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Province of Massachusetts Bay
24 Jul 1754 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Sep 1821 photo
03 Nov 1751 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 20 Jun 1824 photo
18 Jun 1708 Middleboro, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Jun 1729
abt 1702 Province of Massachusetts Bay - 21 Dec 1737
abt 19 Mar 1703 Middleboro, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt 1772
24 Apr 1738 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 27 Dec 1827
10 Nov 1709 Middleboro, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Apr 1784
25 Jan 1739 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Massachusetts Bay colony - 20 Jul 1825
10 Dec 1713 Middleboro, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt 1790
29 Sep 1777 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Maine - 28 Nov 1850 photo
24 Feb 1743 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 30 Jul 1834 photo
15 Oct 1745 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Province of Maine, Massachusetts - 16 Aug 1806
29 Nov 1747 North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 20 Jun 1824
abt 1670 England - abt 1715 photo
08 Aug 1700 Province of Massachusetts Bay - 15 May 1734 photo
17 Nov 1701 Middleboro, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt 1758

E

bef 05 Aug 1604 Widford, Hertfordshire, England - 20 May 1690 photo
abt 1753 Medfield, Province of Massachusetts Bay - abt 1805

E cont.

1776 Medfield, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States - 18 Mar 1835
1645 Dorchester, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England - 02 Nov 1685
bef 30 Jun 1633 Exeter, Devon, , England - 02 Jul 1687
1615 Sandwich, Kent, England - bef 13 Mar 1689 photo

F

1674 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts - abt 1766
1647 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 28 Feb 1703 photo
abt 1607 England - 25 Apr 1693
28 May 1680 Andover, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 14 May 1757
03 Apr 1709 Springfield, Hampden, Massachusetts - Dec 1760
abt 1631 Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 27 Oct 1674
abt 1649 Andover, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 09 May 1725

G

28 Aug 1670 Amesbury, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 1720
1697 Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-France - bef 14 Aug 1763
Dec 1668 Malden, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 09 Apr 1759 photo
1655 Saybrook, Connecticut Colony - 12 Sep 1690
11 Dec 1714 Beverly, Essex, Massachusetts - 25 Oct 1761
17 Feb 1707 Beverly, Essex, Massachusetts - 08 Feb 1741
03 Sep 1742 Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts

H

18 Feb 1687 Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts - 1748
abt 1700 Massachusetts Bay Colony
abt 1613 Lostwithiel, Cornwall, England - 09 Dec 1700
07 Mar 1704 Eastham, Barnstable, Province of Massachusetts Bay
13 May 1711 Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts Bay - 16 Apr 1777
22 Mar 1735 Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts - 15 Jan 1797
13 Nov 1639 Dedham, Massachusetts Bay - 18 Sep 1675
27 Jan 1647 Dedham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 18 Sep 1675
bef 1617 Dedham, Essex, England - 18 Sep 1675
bef 28 Jan 1637 Norfolk, England - 18 Sep 1675
abt 1605 England - abt Dec 1647
abt 1586 England - 01 Mar 1653
1689 Strabolun, Ireland - 1727
07 Jul 1706 Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - 06 Jul 1792
25 Apr 1596 Crewkerne, Somerset, England - 19 Nov 1665 photo
03 Nov 1713 Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial America - 26 Apr 1793

I

Jun 1697 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts - 05 Nov 1782

J

1710 West Pawtucket, Providence, Rhode Island - 31 May 1776 photo
22 Jan 1734 Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts Bay - 19 Mar 1827 photo

K

15 Nov 1668 Longmeadow, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British Colonial America - 02 Sep 1675
28 Jun 1673 Massachusetts Bay - 20 May 1757
abt 11 Dec 1675 Longmeadow, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British Colonial America - 26 Mar 1676
1640 - 26 Mar 1676
abt 1626 England - bef 24 May 1667
abt 1630 England
1618 England - 29 Jul 1667
abt 1636 Weymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony - May 1660
abt 1594 England - 05 Jun 1667
abt 1624 England - aft 19 Aug 1697
abt 1633 England - abt 1690
1627 England - 1705
18 Jul 1690 Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial America - bef 16 Apr 1777
13 Aug 1677 Haverhill, Massachusetts Bay Colony
18 Apr 1675 Haverhill, Massachusetts Bay Colony
abt 1590 England
abt 1676 Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 15 Mar 1766

L

03 Nov 1738 Scarborough, Cumberland, Maine District, Massachusetts Bay - aft 27 Nov 1794 photo
Apr 1714 Salem, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 25 Feb 1801
13 Dec 1645 Springfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay - 20 Mar 1676
bef 12 Feb 1655 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony - 26 Mar 1676
20 Oct 1694 Wells, York, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Amérique coloniale britannique - 09 Jan 1761
25 Oct 1648 Nieuw Amsterdam, New Netherland - 1691
06 Feb 1688 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay

M

abt 1678 Charlestown, Massachusetts Bay Colony - aft 1763
04 Nov 1650 Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts - bef 1701
1671 St Columb Major, Cornwall, England
25 Aug 1667 Springfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
abt 1600 England - 13 Dec 1643

M cont.

abt 1600 England - 21 May 1671
18 Jan 1704 Springfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 11 Sep 1760

N

10 Dec 1649 Weymouth, Norfork, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 09 Dec 1705 photo
23 Dec 1685 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts
19 Jan 1685 Sandwich, Barnstable, Province of Massachusetts Bay

O

abt 1629 Wiltshire, England - abt 1667
abt 1645 Andover, Essex,Massachusetts Bay Colony - 08 Jul 1689
1689 Scarboro, Massachusetts - 27 Dec 1756

P

27 Dec 1697 Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay - 09 Sep 1780
bef 19 Jul 1685 Rowley, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 03 Dec 1689
abt 1634 England - 14 Dec 1713
05 Aug 1724 Hebron, Connecticut Colony, British America - 02 Jan 1769
12 Jun 1668 Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay - 21 Jul 1753
abt 1675 Andover, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 02 May 1736
07 Feb 1672 Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 13 Aug 1696
04 Feb 1682 Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 20 Jun 1755
abt 1621 Cambridge, England - Oct 1690 photo
25 Feb 1698 Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts - 06 Nov 1757
11 Aug 1746 Bristol, Massachusetts Bay Colony
25 May 1718 Scituate, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 29 Jan 1792
abt 07 Mar 1615 Aston Abbots, Buckinghamshire, England - 05 May 1686

R

28 Oct 1680 Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 26 Oct 1750
19 Jan 1703 Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay - 1743
06 Oct 1742 Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts Bay - abt 1802
abt 1775 Massachusetts, British Colonial America - 02 Aug 1867
28 Jun 1714 Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts - 02 Oct 1781

S

22 Jul 1651 Cornwall, England - abt 1703 photo
18 Mar 1667 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1749
1775 Plymouth, Plymouth, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 Jun 1799
abt 1590 Yorkshire, England - bef 25 Mar 1639
abt 1642 Plymouth Colony, New England - bef 25 Oct 1680
28 Dec 1768 Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts
bef 14 Oct 1632 Carlton, Bedfordshire, England - 16 Mar 1720
bef 18 Nov 1627 Podington, Bedfordshire, England - 25 Jul 1658

T

20 Jun 1660 Braintree, Norfolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 01 Aug 1674
30 Oct 1764 Woolwich, Lincoln, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 05 Oct 1810
30 Sep 1640 Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 07 May 1708 photo
bef 14 Dec 1585 East Coker, Somersetshire, England - May 1666 photo
04 Jan 1688 Andover, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1690

U

03 Apr 1655 Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 05 Dec 1692
abt 1615 England - 22 Aug 1693

W

25 Apr 1641 Huer,Kent - abt 1678
bef 06 Jan 1610 Irstead, Norfolk, England - 03 Mar 1650
abt 19 Feb 1643 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - bef 05 Dec 1707
24 Jul 1735 Newton, Middlesex Massachusetts
12 Jul 1767 Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony - abt 1788
24 Jul 1726 Newton, Suffolk, Massachusetts - 22 Nov 1810
20 Jun 1681 Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - 04 May 1752 photo
22 Feb 1658 Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts - 18 Mar 1658
08 Mar 1660 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 05 May 1714 photo
abt 15 Jul 1651 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 20 Feb 1725
10 Apr 1649 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 11 Nov 1650
bef 02 Dec 1655 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - abt 1656
22 Feb 1658 Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 12 Mar 1658
28 Jan 1702 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony - 20 Mar 1793
30 Oct 1653 Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay - 22 Jul 1725
bef 22 Mar 1624 Hook Norton, Oxfordshire, England - 26 Apr 1710
bef 03 May 1633 Marden, Kent, England - 29 Aug 1690
02 Dec 1744 York, York, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British Colonial America
02 Mar 1749 York, Maine, Massachusetts Bay - abt 1807
15 Feb 1709 Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts - 30 Nov 1812
02 Jan 1713 Gloucester, Essex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 18 May 1786
20 Oct 1725 Groton, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay - 25 Jan 1812
abt 1613 England - 09 May 1685 photo
19 Jul 1673 Scituate, Plymouth Colony - 18 Jul 1723




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