Category: New Mexico Territory

Categories: US History | Louisiana Purchase | New Mexico History


From 1598 to 1693, the Spanish "Kingdom of New Mexico" reached from Taos Pueblo, following the Rio del Norte to Guadalupe del Paso (Ciudad Juarez). Don Juan de Oñate, the first colonizer of the Kingdom of New Mexico, arrived at San Juan de los Caballeros in 1598 with approximately 130 Spanish soldiers, the families of most of the soldiers, and servants from New Spain. Around 80 more soldiers, some of their families, arrived in 1600. Of more than 200 named on the Oñate lists, less than 40 made stayed to make homes there. Other soldiers came from 1610 to 1680 and married daughters and grand-daughters of the first colonists. -- Origins of New Mexico Families: A Genealogy of the Spanish Colonial Period by Fray Angelico Chavez, Revised Edition, Museum of New Mexico Press, 1992.

The Pueblo Revolt in 1680 (also known as Popé's or Po'pay's Rebellion) killed about 400 of the Spanish colonizers and drove the remaining 2,000 out of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, back to El Paso del Norte. In 1681 an attempt by the Spaniards to regain control of New Mexico from the Puebloans but failed and the Spanish were driven back to El Paso.

Reconquest of Santa Fe de Nuevo México by Spain, 1692

In August 1692 Diego de Vargas, along with 60 soldiers, 100 Indians, seven cannons and one Franciscan priest left El Paso and marched unopposed back to Santa Fe and on September 14, 1692 a formal act of repossession of Santa Fe de Nuevo México for New Spain was proclaimed by de Vargas.

At this time many Spanish families resettled in the province on Land Grants deeded to them by the King of Spain. Many of their descendants still reside in New Mexico. The book Origins of New Mexico Families: A Genealogy of the Spanish Colonial Period by Fray Angelico Chavez (Revised Edition, Museum of New Mexico Press, 1992) details the families based on records of the Catholic church as maintained since first settlement.

By 1800 the Spanish population of New Mexico had reached about 25,000.

Province of New Mexico, Independent Country of Mexico, 1821

After the Mexican War of Independence, New Mexico belonged to Mexico. In 1836, the Republic of Texas "claimed" all land east of the Rio Grande as theirs, however, the 1841 Texas Santa Fe Expedition efforts to establish a presence in the claimed section of the New Mexico Province, failed.

The Santa Fe Trail was established in 1821 as a means of trade between Independence, Missouri and the city of Santa Fe. It was a vital trade route and connected, in Santa Fe, to the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, which was another vital trade route to Mexico City.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848

After the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded their holdings of the American Southwest and California to the United States.

New Mexico Territory, 1850–1912

In September 1850, the US Congress established the "New Mexico Territory" which included areas known today as Arizona, New Mexico and some of Colorado.

In 1861, the Arizona Territory was established to separate the land which is now the states of Arizona and New Mexico.

'New Mexico Statehood, 1912

New Mexico entered the United States as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

Subcategories (2)


Pages (2)


Person Profiles (65)

A

abt 1852 Anton Chico, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 16 Sep 1845 Alameda, México (Nuevo México)
bef 03 Jun 1849 Alameda, México, Distrito Militar (Nuevo México) - 16 Apr 1895
30 Apr 1897 New Mexico Territory, United States - 06 Oct 1948
Dec 1854 New Mexico Territory, United States - 23 Jan 1915
abt 1809 Nueva España (Nuevo México)

B

abt 1835 México - bef 28 May 1900
20 Feb 1862 Arriba, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, United States

C

28 Mar 1808 Santa Fe, Nueva Espana (México)
01 Oct 1900 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
12 Dec 1898 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
10 May 1906 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 16 Feb 1878 Tecolotito, El Territorio de Nuevo México - bef 20 Oct 1911
17 Nov 1904 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1853 Nuevo México
05 Jan 1908 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA

D

abt 1653 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1725
abt 1873 Jalpa, Zacatecas, México - abt 1931
abt 1655 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1711
abt 1664 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1728
1671 Santa Fe, Santa Fe, Nuevo México, Estados Unidos de América - 1730
abt 1843 Nuevo México, Estados Unidos de América - abt 1901
1643 Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico - abt 1692

D cont.

1624 Santa Fe, Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1680
abt 1838 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1895
abt 1670 Santa Fe, Santa Fe, Nuevo México, Estados Unidos de América - abt 1761

E

abt 1858 El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA

F

12 Sep 1872 Kerr, Texas, United States - aft 1940
13 Sep 1894 San Jose, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA

G

16 Mar 1855 Washington, Tennessee, United States - 20 Oct 1935
abt 1871 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA

L

bef 10 Oct 1885 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA - bef 26 Mar 1958

M

abt 1852 El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1651 Nuevo México, Nueva España
abt 1643 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1692
abt 1686 El Paso del Norte, Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt May 1783
abt 1672 Santa Fé, Nuevo México, Nueva España
abt 1685 Nuevo México, Estados Unidos de América - abt 1761
03 Oct 1906 Llano, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1883 Ojo Medio, El Territorio de Nuevo México - bef 08 Oct 1950

N

abt 1669 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1731

P

abt 1626 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1680
abt 1626 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1670
abt 1606 Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1658

P cont.

abt 1852 El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1890 Nuevo México, Estados Unidos de América - abt 1973
05 Aug 1882 New Mexico Territory, United States - 12 Jul 1928

R

abt 1858 El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 28 Feb 1880 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México

S

bef 15 Nov 1880 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 28 Jul 1874 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1849 México, Distrito Militar (Nuevo México)
06 Apr 1870 Anton Chico, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 14 Dec 1871 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
bef 05 Jun 1876 Anton Chico, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1871 Anton Chico, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
Anton Chico, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA - bef 03 Feb 1871
1662 Nuevo México, México - 1719
1679 Nuevo México, Nueva España - 1733

T

14 Oct 1854 Jonesborough, Washington, Tennessee, United States - 12 Nov 1916
abt 1632 Provincia de Nuevo México, Nueva España - abt 1697

U

15 Aug 1898 Tecolotito, San Miguel, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA
abt 1858 El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA

V

bef 10 Aug 1859 Jorrupa, El Territorio de Nuevo México, USA - bef 26 Mar 1943




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