Category: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Categories: Poland | Poland Project | Lithuania | Polish History | Ukraine, History | Former Countries in Europe

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Name: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Timeframe:(1569 - 1795)
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The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally known as the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and, after 1791, as the Commonwealth of Poland, was a country and a federation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch in real union, who was both King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. The Commonwealth was established by the Union of Lublin in July 1569, but the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania had been in a de facto personal union since 1386 with the marriage of the Polish queen Jadwiga (Hedwig) and Lithuania's Grand Duke Jogaila, who was crowned King jure uxoris Władysław II Jagiełło of Poland. The First Partition in 1772 and the Second Partition in 1793 greatly reduced the state's size and the Commonwealth was partitioned out of existence due to the Third Partition in 1795. [1]

Regions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth include:

  • Inflanty (Livonia)
  • Księstwo Siewierskie (Duchy of Siewier)
  • Lenna
  • Protektoraty (Protectorates)
  • prowincja wielkopolska (Province of Greater Poland)
  • prowincja małopolska (Province of Lesser Poland)
  • prowincja litewska (Province of Lithuania)

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