Category: Provence

Categories: France, Provinces Historiques | Carolingian Empire

La Provence est une région naturelle et une ancienne province française. Elle s'étendait sur les départements actuels des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, des Bouches-du-Rhône, du Var, du Vaucluse, des Alpes-Maritimes et de la Drôme. Elle fait partie de la région actuelle Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. La capitale de la province était Marseille. Voir Wikipedia.

Provence is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River on the west to the Italian border on the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the south.

The Romans made the region into the first Roman province beyond the Alps and called it Provincia Romana, which evolved into the present name. It was ruled by the Counts of Provence from their capital in Aix-en-Provence until 1481, when it became a province of the Kings of France. While it has been part of France for more than five hundred years, it still retains a distinct cultural and linguistic identity, particularly in the interior of the region.

During the late 7th and early 8th century, Provence was formally suzerain to the Frankish kings of Merovingian dynasty, but it was in fact ruled by its own regional nobility of Gallo-Roman stock, who ruled themselves according to Roman, not Frankish law. The region was thereafter under the rule of Carolingian Kings, descended from Charles Martel; and then was part of the empire of Charlemagne (742–814).

In 879, after the death of the Carolingian ruler Charles the Bald, Boso of Provence, (also known as Boson), his brother-in-law, broke away from the Carolingian kingdom of Louis III and was elected the first ruler of an independent state of Provence.

The Counts of Provence (9th–13th centuries)
Three different dynasties of Counts ruled Provence during the Middle Ages, and Provence became a prize in the complex rivalries between the Catalan rulers of Barcelona, the Kings of Burgundy, the German rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Angevin Kings of France.

Subcategories (33)

Person Profiles (15)

abt 1680 France
abt 1705 Provence, France
abt 0958 Arles, Bouches du Rhone, Provence, France - abt 0993 photo
09 Dec 1706 Toulon, Sainte-Marie-de-la-Seds, Provence, France - 21 Oct 1749
abt 1665 Paris, Île-de-France, France - 08 Jan 1724
abt 1700 Provence, France
02 Dec 1726 La Cadière-d'Azur, Provence, France - 05 Jul 1803
abt 1675 France
abt 1600 Provence, France - aft May 1658
abt 1685 France - aft Dec 1726
abt 1680 France
1600 Provence, France - bef May 1658
0877 Provence, France - 0917
0883 Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, Provence, France - 28 Jun 0928 photo
Dec 0873 Vienne, Bourgogne Cisjurane - 14 Jun 0929

This page was last modified 14:17, 8 June 2020. This page has been accessed 456 times.