Category: Régiment de la Reine

Categories: French Armed Forces | Troupes de terre

The Régiment de la Reine (Queen's Regiment) was a French Army infantry regiment active in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is principally known for its role in the Seven Years' War, when it served in the North American theatre.

The Régiment de la Reine traced its origin to the Mazarin Français Regiment, which in 1661 was named Régiment de la reine mère (Regiment of the Queen Mother) by Louis XIV as part of a general reorganisation of the French Army. Following the death of Louis' mother Anne of Austria in 1666, the regiment was renamed as the Régiment de la Reine.

French troops sailed for Canada early in May 1755, accompanied by their commander, Baron Dieskau, and the Marquis de Vaudreujl, who was to replace the ailing Duquesne as Governor of New France. During the voyage, eight companies of regulars were lost when the vessels Alcide and Lys were captured by the British and four companies of both the Languedoc and La Reine battalions were taken prisoner. The Artois and Bourgogne regiments disembarked at the fortress of Louisbourg, and the remaining four battalions proceeded to Quebec.

During the Seven Years' War, a battalion of the regiment took part in several battles including Fort Saint Frédéric on Lake George (September 1755), and the taking of Fort Bull and Fort William-Henry. Their greatest victory came at Fort Carillon in 1758 against the forces of General Abercromby. They were then sent to Isle aux Noix in July of that same year, and were absent from the Battle of the Plains of Abraham the following year. However, they did take part at the Battle of Sainte-Foy in 1760, where the British under General Murray were defeated.

In 1791 the regiment became the 41st Regiment of Line Infantry when the former titles of the Royal Army were abolished. With the restoration of the Monarchy in 1815 the 2nd Regiment of Line Infantry was renamed as the Régiment de la Reine but in the course of a general restructuring of the army in 1816 this traditional title was finally discarded.


Person Profiles (16)


1633 St-Claude de Bellenaves, (Montlucon, Bourges, Allier), Bourbonnais, France - 24 Jan 1687
15 Sep 1728 Saint-Menge, Lorraine, France


abt 13 May 1735 Montpellier, France - 27 Feb 1779
14 Feb 1728 Limoges, Limousin, France - 19 Jun 1792


Nov 1725 Athies-sous-Laon, Île-de-France, France - 09 Jun 1799
abt 1730 Ygos, Saint-Pierre, Gascogne, France - 28 Mar 1789

D cont.

06 Apr 1730 Avignon, Provence, France - 07 Jan 1809


23 Jan 1733 Rouvres-la-Chétive, Lorraine, France - 12 Nov 1796


02 Oct 1734 Vic-Fezensac, Gascogne, France - 18 Mar 1806 photo


12 May 1735 Saint-Pierre-de-Montsort, Alençon, Normandie, France - 26 Dec 1798 photo


24 Apr 1734 Saint-Paul-de-Varces, Dauphiné, France - 07 Sep 1813 photo

P cont.

12 Nov 1733 Rouvres-la-Chétive, Lorraine, France - 02 Jun 1788


08 Apr 1733 Biécourt, Lorraine, France - 01 Mar 1803


abt 1630 Gaillac, Languedoc, France - 20 Feb 1681 photo
20 Sep 1737 La Flèche, Saint-Thomas, Anjou, France - 22 Jun 1800


01 Mar 1733 Pertuis, Provence, France - 08 Apr 1782

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